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inclination    音標拼音: [,ɪnklən'eʃən]
n. 傾向,意愿,傾斜度,點頭

傾向,意願,傾斜度,點頭

inclination
n 1: an attitude of mind especially one that favors one
alternative over others; "he had an inclination to give up
too easily"; "a tendency to be too strict" [synonym:
{inclination}, {disposition}, {tendency}]
2: (astronomy) the angle between the plane of the orbit and the
plane of the ecliptic stated in degrees [synonym: {inclination},
{inclination of an orbit}]
3: (geometry) the angle formed by the x-axis and a given line
(measured counterclockwise from the positive half of the
x-axis) [synonym: {inclination}, {angle of inclination}]
4: (physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the
plane of the horizon [synonym: {dip}, {angle of dip}, {magnetic
dip}, {magnetic inclination}, {inclination}]
5: that toward which you are inclined to feel a liking; "her
inclination is for classical music" [ant: {disinclination}]
6: the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from
the vertical; "the tower had a pronounced tilt"; "the ship
developed a list to starboard"; "he walked with a heavy
inclination to the right" [synonym: {tilt}, {list},
{inclination}, {lean}, {leaning}]
7: a characteristic likelihood of or natural disposition toward
a certain condition or character or effect; "the alkaline
inclination of the local waters"; "fabric with a tendency to
shrink" [synonym: {tendency}, {inclination}]
8: the act of inclining; bending forward; "an inclination of his
head indicated his agreement" [synonym: {inclination},
{inclining}]

Inclination \In`cli*na"tion\, n. [L. inclinatio: cf. F.
inclination.]
[1913 Webster]
1. The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a
leaning; as, an inclination of the head.
[1913 Webster]

2. A direction or tendency from the true vertical or
horizontal direction; as, the inclination of a column, or
of a road bed.
[1913 Webster]

3. A tendency towards another body or point.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Geom.) The angle made by two lines or planes; as, the
inclination of the plane of the earth's equator to the
plane of the ecliptic is about 23[deg] 28'; the
inclination of two rays of light.
[1913 Webster]

5. A leaning or tendency of the mind, feelings, preferences,
or will; propensity; a disposition more favorable to one
thing than to another; favor; desire; love.
[1913 Webster]

A mere inclination to a thing is not properly a
willing of that thing. --South.
[1913 Webster]

How dost thou find the inclination of the people?
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

6. A person or thing loved or admired. --Sir W. Temple.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Pharm.) Decantation, or tipping for pouring.
[1913 Webster]

{Inclination compass}, an inclinometer.

{Inclination of an orbit} (Astron.), the angle which the
orbit makes with the ecliptic.

{Inclination of the needle}. See {Dip of the needle}, under
{Dip}.

Syn: Bent; tendency; proneness; bias; proclivity; propensity;
prepossession; predilection; attachment; desire;
affection; love. See {Bent}, and cf. {Disposition}.
[1913 Webster]


Dip \Dip\, n.
1. The action of dipping or plunging for a moment into a
liquid. "The dip of oars in unison." --Glover.
[1913 Webster]

2. Inclination downward; direction below a horizontal line;
slope; pitch.
[1913 Webster]

3. a hollow or depression in a surface, especially in the
ground.
[PJC]

4. A liquid, as a sauce or gravy, served at table with a
ladle or spoon. [Local, U.S.] --Bartlett.
[1913 Webster]

5. A dipped candle. [Colloq.] --Marryat.
[1913 Webster]

6. A gymnastic exercise on the parallel bars in which the
performer, resting on his hands, lets his arms bend and
his body sink until his chin is level with the bars, and
then raises himself by straightening his arms.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

7. In the turpentine industry, the viscid exudation, which is
dipped out from incisions in the trees; as, virgin dip
(the runnings of the first year), yellow dip (the runnings
of subsequent years).
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

8. (A["e]ronautics) A sudden drop followed by a climb,
usually to avoid obstacles or as the result of getting
into an airhole.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

9. a liquid, in which objects are soaked by dipping; e.g., a
parasiticide or insecticide solution into which animals
are dipped (see {sheep-dip}).
[PJC]

10. a sauce into which foods are dipped to enhance the
flavor; e. g., an {onion dip} made from sour cream and
dried onions, into which potato chips are dipped.
[PJC]

11. a {pickpocket}. [slang]
[PJC]

{Dip of the horizon} (Astron.), the angular depression of the
seen or visible horizon below the true or natural horizon;
the angle at the eye of an observer between a horizontal
line and a tangent drawn from the eye to the surface of
the ocean.

{Dip of the needle}, or {Magnetic dip}, the angle formed, in
a vertical plane, by a freely suspended magnetic needle,
or the line of magnetic force, with a horizontal line; --
called also {inclination}.

{Dip of a stratum} (Geol.), its greatest angle of inclination
to the horizon, or that of a line perpendicular to its
direction or strike; -- called also the {pitch}.
[1913 Webster]

273 Moby Thesaurus words for "inclination":
a thing for, affection, affinity, aim, an ear for, an eye for,
angle, angularity, animus, appetence, appetency, appetite,
aptitude, aptness, ardor, attitude, azimuth, bag, bank, bearing,
bend, bending, bending the knee, bent, bevel, bezel, bias, bob,
bow, bowing, bowing and scraping, cant, capacity for, cascade,
cast, cataract, character, choice, chosen kind, chute, collapse,
comedown, command, conation, conatus, conduciveness, constitution,
course, crash, craving, cup of tea, current, curtsy, debacle,
decision, declension, declination, defluxion, delight, descending,
descension, descent, desire, determination, diathesis,
dipping the colors, direction, direction line, discretion,
discrimination, disposition, down, downbend, downcome, downcurve,
downfall, downflow, downgrade, downpour, downrush, downtrend,
downturn, downward trend, drift, drop, dropping, druthers,
eagerness, easy slope, eccentricity, enthusiasm, fall, falling,
fancy, fascination, favor, favoritism, feeling for, felicity,
fervor, flair, fleam, forejudgment, free choice, free will,
genius for, gentle slope, genuflection, gift for, glacis, grade,
gradient, grain, gravitation, hanging gardens, heading, helicline,
helmsmanship, hillside, homage, idiosyncrasy, incline,
inclined plane, inclining, individualism, inequality,
innate aptitude, intention, interest, involvement, jaundice,
jaundiced eye, kidney, kneeling, kowtow, launching ramp, lay, lean,
leaning, leaning tower, liability, lie, liking, line,
line of direction, line of march, list, longing, lust, make,
makeup, making a leg, mental set, mettle, mind, mind-set, mold,
mutual affinity, mutual attraction, nature, navigation, nepotism,
nod, nodding, obeisance, objective, obsequiousness, one-sidedness,
orientation, parti pris, partialism, partiality, particular choice,
partisanism, partisanship, passion, penchant, personal choice,
piloting, pitch, pleasure, plummeting, point, pounce,
preconception, predilection, predisposition, preference,
preferential treatment, prejudgment, prejudice, prepossession,
presenting arms, probability, proclivity, proneness, propensity,
prostration, quarter, rake, ramp, range, rapids, readiness,
resolution, reverence, run, salaam, salutation, salute, scarp,
scrape, sensitivity to, servility, set, sexual desire,
shelving beach, side, slant, slope, soft spot, stamp,
standing at attention, steep slope, steerage, steering,
stiff climb, stomach, stoop, strain, streak, stripe, style,
submission, submissiveness, susceptibility, swag, sway, swoop,
sympathy, talus, taste, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor,
thing, tilt, tilting, tip, tower of Pisa, track, trend, tropism,
turn, turn for, turn of mind, twist, type, undetachment,
undispassionateness, unneutrality, velleity, volition, warp,
waterfall, way, weakness, will, will power, willingness, wish,
zeal

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