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grind    音標拼音: [gr'ɑɪnd]
n. 磨,碾,苦差,書呆子
vt. 磨擦,磨碎,磨光,折磨,壓榨,灌輸
vi. 磨,磨碎,苦干

磨,碾,苦差,書呆子磨擦,磨碎,磨光,折磨,壓榨,灌輸磨,磨碎,苦幹

grind
n 1: an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected
or boringly studious [synonym: {swot}, {grind}, {nerd}, {wonk},
{dweeb}]
2: the grade of particle fineness to which a substance is
ground; "a coarse grind of coffee"
3: hard monotonous routine work [synonym: {drudgery}, {plodding},
{grind}, {donkeywork}]
4: the act of grinding to a powder or dust [synonym: {grind},
{mill}, {pulverization}, {pulverisation}]
v 1: press or grind with a crushing noise [synonym: {crunch},
{cranch}, {craunch}, {grind}]
2: make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate
one's teeth in anger" [synonym: {grate}, {grind}]
3: work hard; "She was digging away at her math homework";
"Lexicographers drudge all day long" [synonym: {labor}, {labour},
{toil}, {fag}, {travail}, {grind}, {drudge}, {dig}, {moil}]
4: dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive way,
often while in contact with one's partner such that the
dancers' legs are interlaced
5: reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading;
"grind the spices in a mortar"; "mash the garlic" [synonym:
{grind}, {mash}, {crunch}, {bray}, {comminute}]
6: created by grinding; "grind designs into the glass bowl"
7: shape or form by grinding; "grind lenses for glasses and
cameras"

Grind \Grind\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Ground}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Grinding}.] [AS. grindan; perh. akin to L. frendere to
gnash, grind. Cf. {Grist}.]
1. To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the
teeth; to crush into small fragments; to produce as by the
action of millstones.
[1913 Webster]

Take the millstones, and grind meal. --Is. xivii.
2.
[1913 Webster]

2. To wear down, polish, or sharpen, by friction; to make
smooth, sharp, or pointed; to whet, as a knife or drill;
to rub against one another, as teeth, etc.
[1913 Webster]

3. To oppress by severe exactions; to harass.
[1913 Webster]

To grind the subject or defraud the prince.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. To study hard for examination; -- commonly used with away;
as, to grind away at one's studies. [College Slang]
[1913 Webster]


Grind \Grind\, v. i.
1. To perform the operation of grinding something; to turn
the millstones.
[1913 Webster]

Send thee
Into the common prison, there to grind. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. To become ground or pulverized by friction; as, this corn
grinds well.
[1913 Webster]

3. To become polished or sharpened by friction; as, glass
grinds smooth; steel grinds to a sharp edge.
[1913 Webster]

4. To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.
[1913 Webster]

5. To perform hard and distasteful service; to drudge; to
study hard, as for an examination. --Farrar.
[1913 Webster]


Grind \Grind\, n.
1. The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by
friction.
[1913 Webster]

2. Any severe continuous work or occupation; esp., hard and
uninteresting study. [Colloq.] --T. Hughes.
[1913 Webster]

3. A student that studies hard; a dig; a wonk. [College
Slang]
[1913 Webster PJC]

367 Moby Thesaurus words for "grind":
ablate, abrade, abrase, aculeate, acuminate, afflict, agonize, ail,
application, atomize, badger, barb, bark, beast of burden, beat,
beat down, beaten path, belch, bibliolater, bibliolatrist,
bibliomane, bibliomaniac, bibliophage, bibliophile, bibliophilist,
bite, blare, blat, bone, boning, booklover, bookworm, brainwork,
bray, break, break into pieces, break to pieces, break up,
brecciate, browbeat, bulldoze, bully, bureaucracy, bureaucratism,
burn, burr, buzz, cackle, castrate, caw, chafe, champ, chaw, chew,
chew the cud, chew up, chinoiserie, chirr, chomp, chore, churn out,
clamp down on, clang, clangor, clank, clash, coerce, comminute,
compel, con, conning, contemplate, contemplation, contriturate,
convulse, cow, cram, cramming, crash, craunch, croak, crucify,
crumb, crumble, crump, crunch, crush, cuspidate, cut,
cut to pieces, daily grind, daunt, demolish, despotize, diffuse,
dig, dirty work, disintegrate, disperse, disrupt, distress,
domineer, domineer over, donkeywork, drill, drudge, drudgery, edge,
elucubrate, emery, employment, engrossment, enslave, erase, erode,
examine, excruciate, exercise, exertion, extensive study, fag,
failing student, fatigue, fester, file, fission, flour, fragment,
fray, frazzle, fret, gall, galley slave, generate, give pain,
gnash, gnaw, gnaw away, go over, grain, granulate, granulize,
grate, graze, greasy grind, grind down, grind to powder, grinding,
gripe, grit, groan, groove, growl, grub, grumble, gum, hack,
hammer, hammer away, handiwork, handwork, harass, harrow, harry,
headwork, hector, henpeck, hone, hound, hurt, ill-treat, industry,
inflame, inflict pain, inspection, intimidate, irritate, jangle,
jar, jog trot, keep down, keep under, kill by inches, labor,
lacerate, levigate, lick, lick of work, lord it over, lucubrate,
lucubration, make mincemeat of, maltreat, manual labor, martyr,
martyrize, mash, masticate, mental labor, mill, mince, moil, mouth,
muck, mugger, mumble, munch, nibble, nip, oilstone, oppress,
overachiever, overawe, overbear, overmaster, override, pace, pain,
peg, peg away, persecute, perusal, peruse, pestle, philobiblist,
pierce, pinch, plague, plod, plodder, plug, plug along, plug away,
plugging, plunge into, point, polish, pore over, pound, pound away,
powder, practice, press heavy on, prick, produce,
prolong the agony, pulverize, pumice, put to torture, rack, rankle,
rasp, rat race, raze, read, reading, red tape, red-tapeism,
reduce to powder, regard studiously, repress, reset, restudy,
restudying, review, ride over, ride roughshod over, rote, round,
routine, rub, rub away, rub off, rub out, ruminate, run, rut, sand,
sandblast, sandpaper, scatter, scour, scranch, scrape, scratch,
scrub, scrunch, scuff, scut work, set, shard, sharpen, shatter,
shiver, shred, skin, slave, slavery, slog, slogger, smash,
smash up, smooth, snarl, snore, spadework, spiculate, splinter,
spur, squash, squirrel cage, squish, stab, sting, strap, stroke,
stroke of work, strop, study, studying, subdue, subject, subjugate,
suppress, sweat, swot, swotter, swotting, taper, task, terrorize,
tiresome work, toil, torment, torture, track, trample down,
trample upon, travail, tread down, tread upon, treadmill,
triturate, turn out, twang, tweak, twist, tyrannize,
tyrannize over, underachiever, unman, vet, wade through,
walk all over, walk over, wear, wear away, wear down,
weigh heavy on, well-worn groove, whet, wide reading, work,
work away, workhorse, wound, wring

1. (MIT and Berkeley) To prettify hardcopy of code, especially
LISP code, by reindenting lines, printing keywords and
comments in distinct fonts (if available), etc. This usage
was associated with the MacLISP community and is now rare;
{prettyprint} was and is the generic term for such operations.

2. (Unix) To generate the formatted version of a document from
the {nroff}, {troff}, {TeX}, or Scribe source.

3. To run seemingly interminably, especially (but not
necessarily) if performing some tedious and inherently useless
task. Similar to {crunch} or {grovel}. Grinding has a
connotation of using a lot of CPU time, but it is possible to
grind a disk, network, etc.

See also {hog}.

4. To make the whole system slow. "Troff really grinds a
PDP-11."

5. "grind grind" excl. Roughly, "Isn't the machine slow
today!"

[{Jargon File}]

(1994-12-16)

grind: vt. 1. [MIT and Berkeley; now rare] To prettify hardcopy of code,
especially LISP code, by reindenting lines, printing keywords and comments
in distinct fonts (if available), etc. This usage was associated with the
MacLISP community and is now rare; prettyprint was
and is the generic term for such operations.



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