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grave    音標拼音: [gr'ev]
n. 墓穴,墳墓,雕刻工,抑音
a. 莊重的,嚴肅的,重大的,低沉的
vt. 雕刻

墓穴,墳墓,雕刻工,抑音莊重的,嚴肅的,重大的,低沈的雕刻

grave
adj 1: dignified and somber in manner or character and committed
to keeping promises; "a grave God-fearing man"; "a quiet
sedate nature"; "as sober as a judge"; "a solemn
promise"; "the judge was solemn as he pronounced
sentence" [synonym: {grave}, {sedate}, {sober}, {solemn}]
2: causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; "a
dangerous operation"; "a grave situation"; "a grave illness";
"grievous bodily harm"; "a serious wound"; "a serious turn of
events"; "a severe case of pneumonia"; "a life-threatening
disease" [synonym: {dangerous}, {grave}, {grievous}, {serious},
{severe}, {life-threatening}]
3: of great gravity or crucial import; requiring serious
thought; "grave responsibilities"; "faced a grave decision in
a time of crisis"; "a grievous fault"; "heavy matters of
state"; "the weighty matters to be discussed at the peace
conference" [synonym: {grave}, {grievous}, {heavy}, {weighty}]
n 1: death of a person; "he went to his grave without forgiving
me"; "from cradle to grave"
2: a place for the burial of a corpse (especially beneath the
ground and marked by a tombstone); "he put flowers on his
mother's grave" [synonym: {grave}, {tomb}]
3: a mark (`) placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
[synonym: {grave accent}, {grave}]
v 1: shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at
it; "She is sculpting the block of marble into an image of
her husband" [synonym: {sculpt}, {sculpture}, {grave}]
2: carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface; "engrave a
pen"; "engraved the trophy cupt with the winner's"; "the
lovers scratched their names into the bark of the tree" [synonym:
{scratch}, {engrave}, {grave}, {inscribe}]

Grave \Grave\, v. t. [imp. {Graved} (gr[=a]vd); p. p. {Graven}
(gr[=a]v"'n) or {Graved}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Graving}.] [AS.
grafan to dig, grave, engrave; akin to OFries. greva, D.
graven, G. graben, OHG. & Goth. graban, Dan. grabe, Sw.
gr[aum]fva, Icel. grafa, but prob. not to Gr. gra`fein to
write, E. graphic. Cf. {Grave}, n., {Grove}, n.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To dig. [Obs.] Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

He hath graven and digged up a pit. --Ps. vii. 16
(Book of
Common
Prayer).
[1913 Webster]

2. To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard
substance; to engrave.
[1913 Webster]

Thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them
the names of the children of Israel. --Ex. xxviii.
9.
[1913 Webster]

3. To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel;
to sculpture; as, to grave an image.
[1913 Webster]

With gold men may the hearte grave. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

4. To impress deeply (on the mind); to fix indelibly.
[1913 Webster]

O! may they graven in thy heart remain. --Prior.
[1913 Webster]

5. To entomb; to bury. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

Lie full low, graved in the hollow ground. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


-grave \-grave\
A final syllable signifying a ruler, as in landgrave,
margrave. See {Margrave.}
[1913 Webster]


Grave \Grave\, v. t. (Naut.)
To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc.,
and pay it over with pitch; -- so called because graves or
greaves was formerly used for this purpose.
[1913 Webster]


Grave \Grave\, a. [Compar. {Graver} (gr[=a]v"[~e]r); superl.
{Gravest.}] [F., fr. L. gravis heavy; cf. It. & Sp. grave
heavy, grave. See {Grief.}]
1. Of great weight; heavy; ponderous. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

His shield grave and great. --Chapman.
[1913 Webster]

2. Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate;
serious; -- said of character, relations, etc.; as, grave
deportment, character, influence, etc.
[1913 Webster]

Most potent, grave, and reverend seigniors. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

A grave and prudent law, full of moral equity.
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. Not light or gay; solemn; sober; plain; as, a grave color;
a grave face.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mus.)
(a) Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, a
grave note or key.
[1913 Webster]

The thicker the cord or string, the more grave
is the note or tone. --Moore
(Encyc. of
Music).
(b) Slow and solemn in movement.
[1913 Webster]

{Grave accent}. (Pron.) See the Note under {Accent}, n., 2.

Syn: Solemn; sober; serious; sage; staid; demure; thoughtful;
sedate; weighty; momentous; important.

Usage: {Grave}, {Sober}, {Serious}, {Solemn.} Sober supposes
the absence of all exhilaration of spirits, and is
opposed to gay or flighty; as, sober thought. Serious
implies considerateness or reflection, and is opposed
to jocose or sportive; as, serious and important
concerns. Grave denotes a state of mind, appearance,
etc., which results from the pressure of weighty
interests, and is opposed to hilarity of feeling or
vivacity of manner; as, a qrave remark; qrave attire.
Solemn is applied to a case in which gravity is
carried to its highest point; as, a solemn admonition;
a solemn promise.
[1913 Webster]


Grave \Grave\, v. i.
To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised
lines; to practice engraving.
[1913 Webster]


Grave \Grave\, n. [AS. gr?f, fr. grafan to dig; akin to D. & OS.
graf, G. grab, Icel. gr["o]f, Russ. grob' grave, coffin. See
{Grave} to carve.]
An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any
place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: Death;
destruction.
[1913 Webster]

He bad lain in the grave four days. --John xi. 17.
[1913 Webster]

{Grave wax}, adipocere.
[1913 Webster]

453 Moby Thesaurus words for "grave":
abject, abominable, acute, afflictive, agonizing, annihilation,
arch, aristocratic, arrant, assemble, atrocious, august,
autolithograph, awe-inspiring, awful, bane, baritone, barrow, base,
bass, be a printmaker, beehive tomb, beggarly, biological death,
biting, black, blackish, bleak, bone house, book, boundary stone,
box grave, brass, burial, burial chamber, burial mound, bust,
cairn, calendar, carve, cast, catacomb, catacombs, catalog,
cenotaph, cessation of life, chalk, chalk up, character,
charnel house, chase, check in, cheesy, chisel, chronicle, cist,
cist grave, clinical death, column, comprehensive, consequential,
considerable, contemptible, contralto, courtly, cramping, crease,
cribble, critical, cromlech, cross, crosshatch, crossing the bar,
crucial, cruel, crummy, crypt, cup, curtains, cut, cyclolith,
dangerous, dark, dark-colored, darkish, darksome, deadly, death,
death knell, debased, debt of nature, decease, decorous, deep,
deep six, deep-echoing, deep-pitched, deep-toned, deepmouthed,
degraded, demise, demure, departure, depraved, despicable,
destructive, dignified, dire, dirty, disgusting, dismal,
dissolution, distressing, docket, dokhma, dolmen, doom, dour,
dreadful, drear, drearisome, dreary, drive, dusk, dusky, dying,
earnest, ebb of life, elevated, enchase, end, end of life, ending,
engrave, enroll, enscroll, enter, etch, eternal rest, excruciating,
execrable, exhaustive, exit, expiration, extinction,
extinguishment, fatal, fateful, fell, file, fill out,
final summons, finger of death, flagrant, footstone, formal,
formidable, foul, found, frowning, full, fulsome, funebrial,
funereal, furrow, gloomy, gnawing, going, going off, grand,
gravestone, gray, great, grievous, grim, grim-faced, grim-visaged,
griping, groove, gross, hammer, hand of death, hard, harrowing,
harsh, hatch, headstone, heavy, heinous, hoarstone, hollow,
horrible, house of death, hurtful, hurting, impanel, important,
imposing, impress, imprint, incise, inculcate, index, infix,
inscribe, inscription, insculpture, insert, inspiring, instill,
intense, irresistible, jaws of death, jot down, killing, kingly,
knell, last debt, last home, last muster, last rest, last roundup,
last sleep, leaving life, line, list, lithograph, little, lofty,
log, long home, long-faced, lordly, loss of life, low,
low green tent, low house, low-down, low-pitched, lumpen,
magisterial, main, majestic, major, make a memorandum, make a note,
make an entry, make out, make prints, making an end, mangy, mark,
mark down, marker, mastaba, matriculate, mausoleum, mean, measly,
megalith, memento, memorial, memorial arch, memorial column,
memorial statue, memorial stone, menhir, mighty, minute, miserable,
model, moderate, mold, monolith, monstrance, monstrous, monument,
mound, moving, mummy chamber, murderous, narrow house, necrology,
nefarious, nigrescent, no-nonsense, noble, note, note down,
obelisk, obituary, obnoxious, odious, ossuarium, ossuary, painful,
paltry, paroxysmal, parting, passage grave, passing, passing away,
passing over, perilous, perishing, petty, piercing, pillar, pit,
pivotal, place upon record, plaque, plenary, poignant, poky, poll,
ponderous, poor, portentous, post, post up, pound, powerful,
pressing, princely, print, prize, pungent, put down,
put in writing, put on paper, put on tape, pyramid, queenly,
quietus, racking, rank, record, reduce to writing, regal, register,
release, reliquary, remembrance, reptilian, rest, resting place,
reward, ribbon, rostral column, royal, sad, saturnine, scabby,
score, scrape, scratch, scrubby, scruffy, sculp, sculpt, sculpture,
scummy, scurvy, sedate, sentence of death, sepulcher, sepulchral,
sepulture, serious, set down, severe, shabby, shades of death,
shadow of death, shaft, shaft grave, sharp, shoddy, shooting,
shrine, sleep, small, sober, sober-minded, sobersided, solder,
solemn, somatic death, somber, sombrous, spasmatic, spasmic,
spasmodic, squalid, stabbing, staid, stamp, stately, statuesque,
stela, stinging, stipple, stone, stone-faced, straight-faced,
strong, stupa, sublime, summons of death, swart, swarthy, tablet,
tabulate, take down, tape, tape-record, temperate, terrible,
testimonial, thoughtful, tomb, tombstone, tool, tope, tormenting,
torturous, total, tower of silence, triste, trophy, tumulus, ugly,
unmentionable, unsmiling, urgent, vault, venerable, videotape,
vile, vital, weariful, wearisome, weary, weighty, weld, worthy,
wretched, write, write down, write in, write out, write up

Grave
Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the
open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and
prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities.
Graves were generally grottoes or caves, natural or hewn out in
rocks (Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60). There were family cemeteries
(Gen. 47:29; 50:5; 2 Sam. 19:37). Public burial-places were
assigned to the poor (Jer. 26:23; 2 Kings 23:6). Graves were
usually closed with stones, which were whitewashed, to warn
strangers against contact with them (Matt. 23:27), which caused
ceremonial pollution (Num. 19:16).

There were no graves in Jerusalem except those of the kings,
and according to tradition that of the prophetess Huldah.

GRAVE. A place where a dead body is interred.
2. The violation of the grave, by taking up the dead body, or stealing
the coffin or grave clothes, is a misdemeanor at common law. 1 Russ. on. Cr.
414. A singular case, illustrative of this subject, occurred in Louisiana. A
son, who inherited a large estate from his mother, buried her with all her
jewels, worth $2000; he then made a sale of all he inherited from his
mother, for $30,000. After this, a thief broke the grave and stole the
jewels, which, after his conviction, were left with the clerk of the court,
to be delivered to the owner. The son claimed them, and so did the purchaser
of the inheritance; it was held that the jewels, although buried with the
mother, belonged to the son, and, that they passed to the purchaser by a
sale of the whole inheritance. 6 Robins. L. R. 488. See Dead Body.
3. In New York, by statutory enactment, it is provided, that every
person who shall open a grave, or other place of interment, with intent, 1.
To remove the dead body of any human being, for the purpose of selling the
same, or for the purpose of dissection; or, 2. To steal the coffin, or any
part thereof, or the vestments or other articles interred with any dead
body, shall, upon conviction, be punished by imprisonment, in a state
prison, not exceeding two years, or in a county gaol, not exceeding six
months, or by fine not, exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars, or by both
such fine and imprisonment. Rev. Stat. part 4, tit. 5, art. 3, Sec. 15.



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