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governor    音標拼音: [g'ʌvɚnɚ]
n. 統治者,管轄者;地方長官,總督,州長

統治者,管轄者;地方長官,總督,州長

governor
n 1: the head of a state government
2: a control that maintains a steady speed in a machine (as by
controlling the supply of fuel) [synonym: {governor},
{regulator}]

Governor \Gov"ern*or\, n. [OE. governor, governour, OF.
governeor, F. gouverneur, fr. L. gubernator steersman, ruler,
governor. See {Govern}.]
1. One who governs; especially, one who is invested with the
supreme executive authority in a State; a chief ruler or
magistrate; as, the governor of Pennsylvania. "The
governor of the town." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. One who has the care or guardianship of a young man; a
tutor; a guardian.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Naut.) A pilot; a steersman. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mach.) A contrivance applied to steam engines, water
wheels, and other machinery, to maintain nearly uniform
speed when the resistances and motive force are variable.

Note: The illustration shows a form of governor commonly used
for steam engines, in wich a heavy sleeve (a) sliding
on a rapidly revolving spindle (b), driven by the
engine, is raised or lowered, when the speed varies, by
the changing centrifugal force of two balls (c c) to
which it is connected by links (d d), the balls being
attached to arms (e e) which are jointed to the top of
the spindle. The sleeve is connected with the throttle
valve or cut-off through a lever (f), and its motion
produces a greater supply of steam when the engine runs
too slowly and a less supply when too fast.
[1913 Webster]

{Governor cut-off} (Steam Engine), a variable cut-off gear in
which the governor acts in such a way as to cause the
steam to be cut off from entering the cylinder at points
of the stroke dependent upon the engine's speed.

{Hydraulic governor} (Mach.), a governor which is operated by
the action of a liquid in flowing; a cataract.
[1913 Webster]

161 Moby Thesaurus words for "governor":
abba, administrator, aegis, agent, air warden, arm guard,
attendant, backstop, beg, beglerbeg, bey, buffer, bull, bulwark,
bumper, burgrave, captain, caretaker, castellan, chatelain,
chatelaine, collector, commandant, commander, conductor,
conservator, contraceptive, control, controller, copyright,
crash helmet, curator, cushion, custodian, dad, daddy, dashboard,
deputy, dey, directeur, director, dodger, eparch, exarch,
executive, face mask, father, fender, finger guard, foot guard,
forest ranger, foster father, fuse, game warden, gamekeeper,
gaoler, gauleiter, genitor, goggles, governor-general, guard,
guardian, guardian angel, guardrail, hand guard, handrail,
hard hat, helmet, impresario, insulation, intendant, interlock,
jailer, janitor, keeper, khedive, knee guard, knuckle guard,
laminated glass, lieutenant governor, life preserver, lifeguard,
lifeline, lifesaver, lightning conductor, lightning rod, manager,
mask, master, mudguard, nabob, nawab, next friend, nose guard,
old man, pa, pad, padding, palatine, palladium, pap, papa, pappy,
patent, pater, paterfamilias, patriarch, pilot, pop, pops,
preventive, principal keeper, prison guard, prochein ami,
proconsul, producer, prophylactic, protective clothing,
protective umbrella, provincial, ranger, rector, regulator,
responsible person, ruler, safeguard, safety, safety glass,
safety plug, safety rail, safety shoes, safety switch,
safety valve, satrap, screen, screw, seat belt, servo control,
servo regulator, shepherd, shield, shin guard, sire, stadtholder,
stepfather, steward, subahdar, sun helmet, supercargo, tetrarch,
the old man, turnkey, umbrella, vali, vice-king, viceroy, wali,
warden, warder, windscreen, windshield

Governor
(1.) Heb. nagid, a prominent, conspicuous person, whatever his
capacity: as, chief of the royal palace (2 Chr. 28:7; comp. 1
Kings 4:6), chief of the temple (1 Chr. 9:11; Jer. 20:1), the
leader of the Aaronites (1 Chr. 12:27), keeper of the sacred
treasury (26:24), captain of the army (13:1), the king (1 Sam.
9:16), the Messiah (Dan. 9:25).

(2.) Heb. nasi, raised; exalted. Used to denote the chiefs of
families (Num. 3:24, 30, 32, 35); also of tribes (2:3; 7:2;
3:32). These dignities appear to have been elective, not
hereditary.

(3.) Heb. pakid, an officer or magistrate. It is used of the
delegate of the high priest (2 Chr. 24:11), the Levites (Neh.
11:22), a military commander (2 Kings 25:19), Joseph's officers
in Egypt (Gen. 41:34).

(4.) Heb. shallit, one who has power, who rules (Gen. 42:6;
Ezra 4:20; Eccl. 8:8; Dan. 2:15; 5:29).

(5.) Heb. aluph, literally one put over a thousand, i.e., a
clan or a subdivision of a tribe. Used of the "dukes" of Edom
(Gen. 36), and of the Jewish chiefs (Zech. 9:7).

(6.) Heb. moshel, one who rules, holds dominion. Used of many
classes of rulers (Gen. 3:16; 24:2; 45:8; Ps. 105:20); of the
Messiah (Micah 5:2); of God (1 Chr. 29:12; Ps. 103:19).

(7.) Heb. sar, a ruler or chief; a word of very general use.
It is used of the chief baker of Pharaoh (Gen. 40:16); of the
chief butler (40:2, etc. See also Gen. 47:6; Ex. 1:11; Dan. 1:7;
Judg. 10:18; 1 Kings 22:26; 20:15; 2 Kings 1:9; 2 Sam. 24:2). It
is used also of angels, guardian angels (Dan. 10:13, 20, 21;
12:1; 10:13; 8:25).

(8.) Pehah, whence _pasha_, i.e., friend of the king;
adjutant; governor of a province (2 Kings 18:24; Isa. 36:9; Jer.
51: 57; Ezek. 23:6, 23; Dan. 3:2; Esther 3: 12), or a perfect
(Neh. 3:7; 5:14; Ezra 5:3; Hag. 1:1). This is a foreign word,
Assyrian, which was early adopted into the Hebrew idiom (1 Kings
10:15).

(9.) The Chaldean word _segan_ is applied to the governors of
the Babylonian satrapies (Dan. 3:2, 27; 6:7); the prefects over
the Magi (2:48). The corresponding Hebrew word _segan_ is used
of provincial rulers (Jer. 51:23, 28, 57); also of chiefs and
rulers of the people of Jerusalem (Ezra 9:2; Neh. 2:16; 4:14,
19; 5:7, 17; 7:5; 12:40).

In the New Testament there are also different Greek words
rendered thus.

(1.) Meaning an ethnarch (2 Cor. 11:32), which was an office
distinct from military command, with considerable latitude of
application.

(2.) The procurator of Judea under the Romans (Matt. 27:2).
(Comp. Luke 2:2, where the verb from which the Greek word so
rendered is derived is used.)

(3.) Steward (Gal. 4:2).

(4.) Governor of the feast (John 2:9), who appears here to
have been merely an intimate friend of the bridegroom, and to
have presided at the marriage banquet in his stead.

(5.) A director, i.e., helmsman; Lat. gubernator, (James 3:4).

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