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going    音標拼音: [g'oɪŋ] [g'oɪn]
n. 去,離去,工作情況,行為
a. 進行中的,流行的,現存的

去,離去,工作情況,行為進行中的,流行的,現存的

going
adj 1: in full operation; "a going concern"
n 1: the act of departing [synonym: {departure}, {going}, {going
away}, {leaving}]
2: euphemistic expressions for death; "thousands mourned his
passing" [synonym: {passing}, {loss}, {departure}, {exit},
{expiration}, {going}, {release}]
3: advancing toward a goal; "persuading him was easy going";
"the proposal faces tough sledding" [synonym: {going},
{sledding}]

Going \Go"ing\, n.
1. The act of moving in any manner; traveling; as, the going
is bad.
[1913 Webster]

2. Departure. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. Pregnancy; gestation; childbearing. --Crew.
[1913 Webster]

4. pl. Course of life; behavior; doings; ways.
[1913 Webster]

His eyes are upon the ways of man, and he seeth all
his goings. --Job xxxiv.
21.
[1913 Webster]

{Going barrel}. (Horology)
(a) A barrel containing the mainspring, and having teeth
on its periphery to drive the train.
(b) A device for maintaining a force to drive the train
while the timepiece is being wound up.

{Going forth}. (Script.)
(a) Outlet; way of exit. "Every going forth of the
sanctuary." --Ezek. xliv. 5.
(b) A limit; a border. "The going forth thereof shall be
from the south to Kadesh-barnea." --Num. xxxiv. 4.

{Going out}, or {Goings out}. (Script.)
(a) The utmost extremity or limit. "The border shall go
down to Jordan, and the goings out of it shall be at
the salt sea." --Num. xxxiv. 12.
(b) Departure or journeying. "And Moses wrote their goings
out according to their journeys." --Num. xxxiii. 2.

{Goings on}, behavior; actions; conduct; -- usually in a bad
sense.


Going \Go"ing\, p. pr. of {Go}. Specif.:
(a) That goes; in existence; available for present use or
enjoyment; current; obtainable; also, moving; working;
in operation; departing; as, he is of the brightest
men going; going prices or rate.
(b) Carrying on its ordinary business; conducting
business, or carried on, with an indefinite prospect
of continuance; -- chiefly used in the phrases

{a going business},

{concern}, etc.
(c) Of or pertaining to a going business or concern; as,
the going value of a company.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.] Goiter


Go \Go\, v. i. [imp. {Went} (w[e^]nt); p. p. {Gone} (g[o^]n;
115); p. pr. & vb. n. {Going}. Went comes from the AS,
wendan. See {Wend}, v. i.] [OE. gan, gon, AS. g[=a]n, akin to
D. gaan, G. gehn, gehen, OHG. g[=e]n, g[=a]n, SW. g[*a], Dan.
gaae; cf. Gr. kicha`nai to reach, overtake, Skr. h[=a] to go,
AS. gangan, and E. gang. The past tense in AS., eode, is from
the root i to go, as is also Goth. iddja went. [root]47a. Cf.
{Gang}, v. i., {Wend}.]
1. To pass from one place to another; to be in motion; to be
in a state not motionless or at rest; to proceed; to
advance; to make progress; -- used, in various
applications, of the movement of both animate and
inanimate beings, by whatever means, and also of the
movements of the mind; also figuratively applied.
[1913 Webster]

2. To move upon the feet, or step by step; to walk; also, to
walk step by step, or leisurely.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In old writers go is much used as opposed to run, or
ride. "Whereso I go or ride." --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

You know that love
Will creep in service where it can not go.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Thou must run to him; for thou hast staid so long
that going will scarce serve the turn. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

He fell from running to going, and from going to
clambering upon his hands and his knees.
--Bunyan.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In Chaucer go is used frequently with the pronoun in
the objective used reflexively; as, he goeth him home.
[1913 Webster]

3. To be passed on fron one to another; to pass; to
circulate; hence, with for, to have currency; to be taken,
accepted, or regarded.
[1913 Webster]

The man went among men for an old man in the days of
Saul. --1 Sa. xvii.
12.
[1913 Webster]

[The money] should go according to its true value.
--Locke.
[1913 Webster]

4. To proceed or happen in a given manner; to fare; to move
on or be carried on; to have course; to come to an issue
or result; to succeed; to turn out.
[1913 Webster]

How goes the night, boy ? --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

I think, as the world goes, he was a good sort of
man enough. --Arbuthnot.
[1913 Webster]

Whether the cause goes for me or against me, you
must pay me the reward. --I Watts.
[1913 Webster]

5. To proceed or tend toward a result, consequence, or
product; to tend; to conduce; to be an ingredient; to
avail; to apply; to contribute; -- often with the
infinitive; as, this goes to show.
[1913 Webster]

Against right reason all your counsels go. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

To master the foul flend there goeth some complement
knowledge of theology. --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

6. To apply one's self; to set one's self; to undertake.
[1913 Webster]

Seeing himself confronted by so many, like a
resolute orator, he went not to denial, but to
justify his cruel falsehood. --Sir P.
Sidney.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Go, in this sense, is often used in the present
participle with the auxiliary verb to be, before an
infinitive, to express a future of intention, or to
denote design; as, I was going to say; I am going to
begin harvest.
[1913 Webster]

7. To proceed by a mental operation; to pass in mind or by an
act of the memory or imagination; -- generally with over
or through.
[1913 Webster]

By going over all these particulars, you may receive
some tolerable satisfaction about this great
subject. --South.
[1913 Webster]

8. To be with young; to be pregnant; to gestate.
[1913 Webster]

The fruit she goes with,
I pray for heartily, that it may find
Good time, and live. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

9. To move from the person speaking, or from the point whence
the action is contemplated; to pass away; to leave; to
depart; -- in opposition to stay and come.
[1913 Webster]

I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the Lord
your God; . . . only ye shall not go very far away.
--Ex. viii.
28.
[1913 Webster]

10. To pass away; to depart forever; to be lost or ruined; to
perish; to decline; to decease; to die.
[1913 Webster]

By Saint George, he's gone!
That spear wound hath our master sped. --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

11. To reach; to extend; to lead; as, a line goes across the
street; his land goes to the river; this road goes to New
York.
[1913 Webster]

His amorous expressions go no further than virtue
may allow. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

12. To have recourse; to resort; as, to go to law.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Go is used, in combination with many prepositions and
adverbs, to denote motion of the kind indicated by the
preposition or adverb, in which, and not in the verb,
lies the principal force of the expression; as, to go
against to go into, to go out, to go aside, to go
astray, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Go to}, come; move; go away; -- a phrase of exclamation,
serious or ironical.

{To go a-begging}, not to be in demand; to be undesired.

{To go about}.
(a) To set about; to enter upon a scheme of action; to
undertake. "They went about to slay him." --Acts ix.
29.
[1913 Webster]

They never go about . . . to hide or palliate
their vices. --Swift.
(b) (Naut.) To tack; to turn the head of a ship; to wear.


{To go abraod}.
(a) To go to a foreign country.
(b) To go out of doors.
(c) To become public; to be published or disclosed; to be
current.
[1913 Webster]

Then went this saying abroad among the
brethren. --John xxi.
23.

{To go against}.
(a) To march against; to attack.
(b) To be in opposition to; to be disagreeable to.

{To go ahead}.
(a) To go in advance.
(b) To go on; to make progress; to proceed.

{To go and come}. See {To come and go}, under {Come}.

{To go aside}.
(a) To withdraw; to retire.
[1913 Webster]

He . . . went aside privately into a desert
place. --Luke. ix.
10.
(b) To go from what is right; to err. --Num. v. 29.

{To go back on}.
(a) To retrace (one's path or footsteps).
(b) To abandon; to turn against; to betray. [Slang, U.
S.]

{To go below}
(Naut), to go below deck.

{To go between}, to interpose or mediate between; to be a
secret agent between parties; in a bad sense, to pander.


{To go beyond}. See under {Beyond}.

{To go by}, to pass away unnoticed; to omit.

{To go by the board} (Naut.), to fall or be carried
overboard; as, the mast went by the board.

{To go down}.
(a) To descend.
(b) To go below the horizon; as, the sun has gone down.
(c) To sink; to founder; -- said of ships, etc.
(d) To be swallowed; -- used literally or figuratively.
[Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

Nothing so ridiculous, . . . but it goes down
whole with him for truth. --L' Estrange.

{To go far}.
(a) To go to a distance.
(b) To have much weight or influence.

{To go for}.
(a) To go in quest of.
(b) To represent; to pass for.
(c) To favor; to advocate.
(d) To attack; to assault. [Low]
(e) To sell for; to be parted with for (a price).

{To go for nothing}, to be parted with for no compensation or
result; to have no value, efficacy, or influence; to count
for nothing.

{To go forth}.
(a) To depart from a place.
(b) To be divulged or made generally known; to emanate.
[1913 Webster]

The law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of
the Lord from Jerusalem. --Micah iv. 2.

{To go hard with}, to trouble, pain, or endanger.

{To go in}, to engage in; to take part. [Colloq.]

{To go in and out}, to do the business of life; to live; to
have free access. --John x. 9.

{To go in for}. [Colloq.]
(a) To go for; to favor or advocate (a candidate, a
measure, etc.).
(b) To seek to acquire or attain to (wealth, honor,
preferment, etc.)
(c) To complete for (a reward, election, etc.).
(d) To make the object of one's labors, studies, etc.
[1913 Webster]

He was as ready to go in for statistics as for
anything else. --Dickens.


{To go in to} or {To go in unto}.
(a) To enter the presence of. --Esther iv. 16.
(b) To have sexual intercourse with. [Script.]

{To go into}.
(a) To speak of, investigate, or discuss (a question,
subject, etc.).
(b) To participate in (a war, a business, etc.).

{To go large}.
(Naut) See under {Large}.

{To go off}.
(a) To go away; to depart.
[1913 Webster]

The leaders . . . will not go off until they
hear you. --Shak.
(b) To cease; to intermit; as, this sickness went off.
(c) To die. --Shak.
(d) To explode or be discharged; -- said of gunpowder, of
a gun, a mine, etc.
(e) To find a purchaser; to be sold or disposed of.
(f) To pass off; to take place; to be accomplished.
[1913 Webster]

The wedding went off much as such affairs do.
--Mrs.
Caskell.

{To go on}.
(a) To proceed; to advance further; to continue; as, to
go on reading.
(b) To be put or drawn on; to fit over; as, the coat will
not go on.

{To go all fours}, to correspond exactly, point for point.
[1913 Webster]

It is not easy to make a simile go on all fours.
--Macaulay.

{To go out}.
(a) To issue forth from a place.
(b) To go abroad; to make an excursion or expedition.
[1913 Webster]

There are other men fitter to go out than I.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

What went ye out for to see ? --Matt. xi. 7,
8, 9.
(c) To become diffused, divulged, or spread abroad, as
news, fame etc.
(d) To expire; to die; to cease; to come to an end; as,
the light has gone out.
[1913 Webster]

Life itself goes out at thy displeasure.
--Addison.

{To go over}.
(a) To traverse; to cross, as a river, boundary, etc.; to
change sides.
[1913 Webster]

I must not go over Jordan. --Deut. iv.
22.
[1913 Webster]

Let me go over, and see the good land that is
beyond Jordan. --Deut. iii.
25.
[1913 Webster]

Ishmael . . . departed to go over to the
Ammonites. --Jer. xli.
10.
(b) To read, or study; to examine; to review; as, to go
over one's accounts.
[1913 Webster]

If we go over the laws of Christianity, we
shall find that . . . they enjoin the same
thing. --Tillotson.
(c) To transcend; to surpass.
(d) To be postponed; as, the bill went over for the
session.
(e) (Chem.) To be converted (into a specified substance
or material); as, monoclinic sulphur goes over into
orthorhombic, by standing; sucrose goes over into
dextrose and levulose.

{To go through}.
(a) To accomplish; as, to go through a work.
(b) To suffer; to endure to the end; as, to go through a
surgical operation or a tedious illness.
(c) To spend completely; to exhaust, as a fortune.
(d) To strip or despoil (one) of his property. [Slang]
(e) To botch or bungle a business. [Scot.]

{To go through with}, to perform, as a calculation, to the
end; to complete.

{To go to ground}.
(a) To escape into a hole; -- said of a hunted fox.
(b) To fall in battle.

{To go to naught} (Colloq.), to prove abortive, or
unavailling.

{To go under}.
(a) To set; -- said of the sun.
(b) To be known or recognized by (a name, title, etc.).
(c) To be overwhelmed, submerged, or defeated; to perish;
to succumb.

{To go up}, to come to nothing; to prove abortive; to fail.
[Slang]

{To go upon}, to act upon, as a foundation or hypothesis.

{To go with}.
(a) To accompany.
(b) To coincide or agree with.
(c) To suit; to harmonize with.

{To go well with}, {To go ill with}, {To go hard with}, to
affect (one) in such manner.

{To go without}, to be, or to remain, destitute of.

{To go wrong}.
(a) To take a wrong road or direction; to wander or
stray.
(b) To depart from virtue.
(c) To happen unfortunately; to unexpectedly cause a
mishap or failure.
(d) To miss success; to fail.

{To let go}, to allow to depart; to quit one's hold; to
release.
[1913 Webster]

243 Moby Thesaurus words for "going":
abandonment, accepted, acting, active, activity, actuation,
affluent, ambulant, ambulative, ambulatory, annihilation,
ascending, at work, axial, back, back-flowing, backward, bad, bane,
biological death, blackout, blocking, booming, cessation of life,
circuit-riding, clinical death, common, commutation, contemporary,
course, crossing, crossing the bar, current, curtains, customary,
death, death knell, debt of nature, decampment, decease,
dematerialization, demise, departure, descending, despaired of,
disappearance, disappearing, dispersion, dissipation, dissolution,
dissolving, done for, doom, down-trending, downward, drifting,
dying, dynamics, ebb of life, eclipse, effective, egress,
elimination, end, end of life, ending, erasure, escape,
eternal rest, evacuation, evanescence, evaporation, exit, exodus,
expeditionary, expiration, expiring, extinction, extinguishment,
facing death, fadeaway, fadeout, fading, final summons,
finger of death, flight, flourishing, flowing, fluent, flying,
functional, functioning, getaway, given up, globe-girdling,
globe-trotting, going off, going on, grave, growing, gyrational,
gyratory, hand of death, hegira, hopeless, in articulo mortis,
in exercise, in extremis, in force, in hand, in operation, in play,
in practice, in process, in the works, inaction, incapable of life,
itinerant, itinerary, jaws of death, journeying, kinematics,
kinesipathy, kinesis, kinesitherapy, kinetics, knell, last debt,
last muster, last rest, last roundup, last sleep, leaving,
leaving life, locomotion, locomotive, loss of life, low,
making an end, melting, mobilization, moribund, motion, motivation,
mounting, move, movement, moving, mundivagant, near death,
nonviable, occultation, on foot, on the fire, on tour, ongoing,
operating, operational, parting, passage, passing, passing away,
passing over, pedestrian, perambulating, perambulatory,
peregrinative, peregrine, peripatetic, perishing, pilgrimlike,
plunging, present, prevailing, prevalent, progress, progressing,
progressive, prospering, prosperous, quietus, reflowing, refluent,
regressive, release, removal, rest, restlessness, retirement,
retreat, retrogressive, reward, rising, rotary, rotational,
rotatory, running, rushing, sentence of death, shades of death,
shadow of death, sideward, sinking, sleep, slipping, slipping away,
soaring, somatic death, stir, stirring, streaming, strolling,
succeeding, successful, summons of death, terminal, thriving,
touring, tourism, touristic, touristry, touristy, traject, trajet,
transit, travel, traveling, trekking, universal, unrest,
up-trending, upward, usual, vanishing, vanishing point, velocity,
walking, walkout, wayfaring, wealthy, wipe, withdrawal, working



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