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glass    音標拼音: [gl'æs]
n. U玻璃;U玻璃器皿;C玻璃杯;C鏡子,透鏡;眼鏡,望遠鏡

U玻璃;U玻璃器皿;C玻璃杯;C鏡子,透鏡;眼鏡,望遠鏡

glass
玻璃

glass
n 1: a brittle transparent solid with irregular atomic structure
2: a container for holding liquids while drinking [synonym: {glass},
{drinking glass}]
3: the quantity a glass will hold [synonym: {glass}, {glassful}]
4: a small refracting telescope [synonym: {field glass}, {glass},
{spyglass}]
5: an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the
form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to
the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant [synonym:
{methamphetamine}, {methamphetamine hydrochloride},
{Methedrine}, {meth}, {deoxyephedrine}, {chalk}, {chicken
feed}, {crank}, {glass}, {ice}, {shabu}, {trash}]
6: a mirror; usually a ladies' dressing mirror [synonym: {looking
glass}, {glass}]
7: glassware collectively; "She collected old glass"
v 1: furnish with glass; "glass the windows" [synonym: {glass},
{glaze}]
2: scan (game in the forest) with binoculars
3: enclose with glass; "glass in a porch" [synonym: {glass}, {glass
in}]
4: put in a glass container
5: become glassy or take on a glass-like appearance; "Her eyes
glaze over when she is bored" [synonym: {glaze}, {glass}, {glass
over}, {glaze over}]

Glass \Glass\ (gl[.a]s), n. [OE. glas, gles, AS. gl[ae]s; akin
to D., G., Dan., & Sw. glas, Icel. glas, gler, Dan. glar; cf.
AS. gl[ae]r amber, L. glaesum. Cf. {Glare}, n., {Glaze}, v.
t.]
[1913 Webster]
1. A hard, brittle, translucent, and commonly transparent
substance, white or colored, having a conchoidal fracture,
and made by fusing together sand or silica with lime,
potash, soda, or lead oxide. It is used for window panes
and mirrors, for articles of table and culinary use, for
lenses, and various articles of ornament.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Glass is variously colored by the metallic oxides;
thus, manganese colors it violet; copper (cuprous),
red, or (cupric) green; cobalt, blue; uranium,
yellowish green or canary yellow; iron, green or brown;
gold, purple or red; tin, opaque white; chromium,
emerald green; antimony, yellow.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) Any substance having a peculiar glassy appearance,
and a conchoidal fracture, and usually produced by fusion.
[1913 Webster]

3. Anything made of glass. Especially:
(a) A looking-glass; a mirror.
(b) A vessel filled with running sand for measuring time;
an hourglass; and hence, the time in which such a
vessel is exhausted of its sand.
[1913 Webster]

She would not live
The running of one glass. --Shak.
(c) A drinking vessel; a tumbler; a goblet; hence, the
contents of such a vessel; especially; spirituous
liquors; as, he took a glass at dinner.
(d) An optical glass; a lens; a spyglass; -- in the
plural, spectacles; as, a pair of glasses; he wears
glasses.
(e) A weatherglass; a barometer.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Glass is much used adjectively or in combination; as,
glass maker, or glassmaker; glass making or
glassmaking; glass blower or glassblower, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Bohemian glass}, {Cut glass}, etc. See under {Bohemian},
{Cut}, etc.

{Crown glass}, a variety of glass, used for making the finest
plate or window glass, and consisting essentially of
silicate of soda or potash and lime, with no admixture of
lead; the convex half of an achromatic lens is composed of
crown glass; -- so called from a crownlike shape given it
in the process of blowing.

{Crystal glass}, or {Flint glass}. See {Flint glass}, in the
Vocabulary.

{Cylinder glass}, sheet glass made by blowing the glass in
the form of a cylinder which is then split longitudinally,
opened out, and flattened.

{Glass of antimony}, a vitreous oxide of antimony mixed with
sulphide.

{Glass cloth}, a woven fabric formed of glass fibers.

{Glass coach}, a coach superior to a hackney-coach, hired for
the day, or any short period, as a private carriage; -- so
called because originally private carriages alone had
glass windows. [Eng.] --Smart.
[1913 Webster]

Glass coaches are [allowed in English parks from
which ordinary hacks are excluded], meaning by this
term, which is never used in America, hired
carriages that do not go on stands. --J. F.
Cooper.

{Glass cutter}.
(a) One who cuts sheets of glass into sizes for window
panes, ets.
(b) One who shapes the surface of glass by grinding and
polishing.
(c) A tool, usually with a diamond at the point, for
cutting glass.

{Glass cutting}.
(a) The act or process of dividing glass, as sheets of
glass into panes with a diamond.
(b) The act or process of shaping the surface of glass by
appylying it to revolving wheels, upon which sand,
emery, and, afterwards, polishing powder, are applied;
especially of glass which is shaped into facets, tooth
ornaments, and the like. Glass having ornamental
scrolls, etc., cut upon it, is said to be engraved.

{Glass metal}, the fused material for making glass.

{Glass painting}, the art or process of producing decorative
effects in glass by painting it with enamel colors and
combining the pieces together with slender sash bars of
lead or other metal. In common parlance, glass painting
and glass staining (see {Glass staining}, below) are used
indifferently for all colored decorative work in windows,
and the like.

{Glass paper}, paper faced with pulvirezed glass, and used
for abrasive purposes.

{Glass silk}, fine threads of glass, wound, when in fusion,
on rapidly rotating heated cylinders.

{Glass silvering}, the process of transforming plate glass
into mirrors by coating it with a reflecting surface, a
deposit of silver, or a mercury amalgam.

{Glass soap}, or {Glassmaker's soap}, the black oxide of
manganese or other substances used by glass makers to take
away color from the materials for glass.

{Glass staining}, the art or practice of coloring glass in
its whole substance, or, in the case of certain colors, in
a superficial film only; also, decorative work in glass.
Cf. Glass painting.

{Glass tears}. See {Rupert's drop}.

{Glass works}, an establishment where glass is made.

{Heavy glass}, a heavy optical glass, consisting essentially
of a borosilicate of potash.

{Millefiore glass}. See {Millefiore}.

{Plate glass}, a fine kind of glass, cast in thick plates,
and flattened by heavy rollers, -- used for mirrors and
the best windows.

{Pressed glass}, glass articles formed in molds by pressure
when hot.

{Soluble glass} (Chem.), a silicate of sodium or potassium,
found in commerce as a white, glassy mass, a stony powder,
or dissolved as a viscous, sirupy liquid; -- used for
rendering fabrics incombustible, for hardening artificial
stone, etc.; -- called also {water glass}.

{Spun glass}, glass drawn into a thread while liquid.

{Toughened glass}, {Tempered glass}, glass finely tempered or
annealed, by a peculiar method of sudden cooling by
plunging while hot into oil, melted wax, or paraffine,
etc.; -- called also, from the name of the inventor of the
process, {Bastie glass}.

{Water glass}. (Chem.) See {Soluble glass}, above.

{Window glass}, glass in panes suitable for windows.
[1913 Webster]


Glass \Glass\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Glassed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Glassing}.]
1. To reflect, as in a mirror; to mirror; -- used
reflexively.
[1913 Webster]

Happy to glass themselves in such a mirror.
--Motley.
[1913 Webster]

Where the Almighty's form glasses itself in
tempests. --Byron.
[1913 Webster]

2. To case in glass. [R.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. To cover or furnish with glass; to glaze. --Boyle.
[1913 Webster]

4. To smooth or polish anything, as leater, by rubbing it
with a glass burnisher.
[1913 Webster] glassblower

201 Moby Thesaurus words for "glass":
CM-glass, CR-glass, achromatic lens, adobe, aerological instrument,
agate glass, alabaster, aneroid barometer, aneroidograph,
astigmatic lens, barograph, barometer, barometrograph, beaker,
bifocals, bijouterie, billiard table, binoculars, biscuit, bisque,
blown glass, board, bottle glass, bowl, bowling alley,
bowling green, brick, bubble, bullet-resisting glass,
burning glass, camera, camphor glass, carnival glass, cement,
ceramic ware, ceramics, cheval glass, china, clapboard,
clear as glass, coated lens, concave lens, concave mirror,
concavo-convex lens, condenser, convex lens, convex mirror,
coralene, costume jewelry, crock, crockery, crown glass, crystal,
cut glass, diaphane, display case, distorting mirror, eggshell,
enamelware, eyeglass, eyeglasses, eyepiece, face, fiber glass,
field glass, firebrick, flat, frosted glass, glass house, glasses,
glasslike, glassware, glassy, glaze, goblet, goggles, ground glass,
hand lens, hand mirror, house of cards, hurricane-hunter aircraft,
hyalescent, hyaline, hygrometer, ice, image, ivory, jewelry, jug,
junk jewelry, laminated glass, lath, lens, level, light,
looking glass, lorgnette, lorgnon, magnifier, magnifying glass,
mahogany, marble, matchwood, meniscus, mercury, microscope, mirror,
object glass, objective, objective prism, ocular, old paper,
opaline, opera glasses, pane, paper, parchment, paste, piecrust,
pier glass, plane, plank, plate glass, porcelain, pot, pottery,
prism, radiosonde, reader, reading glass, rear-view mirror,
recording barometer, reflector, refractory, revet, rhinestone,
safety glass, satin, scatter pins, scope, seeing glass, shake,
shaving mirror, sheathe, shingle, shopwindow, showcase, silk,
slate, slide, smooth, specs, spectacles, speculum, spy glass,
spyglass, stained glass, stemware, stone, telephoto lens,
telescope, tennis court, terrestrial telescope, thatch,
thermal detector, thermometer, thermostat, tile, tiling,
toric lens, transparent substance, trifocals, tumbler, urn,
vacuometer, varifocal lens, vase, velvet, veneer, vitreous,
vitrics, vitriform, vitrine, wall in, wall up, wallpaper,
watch crystal, watch glass, weather balloon, weather instrument,
weather satellite, weather vane, weatherboard, weatherglass,
window, window glass, window mirror, windowlight, windowpane,
zoom binoculars, zoom lens

(IBM) {silicon}.

[{Jargon File}]

glass: n. [IBM] Synonym for silicon.

Glass
was known to the Egyptians at a very early period of their
national history, at least B.C. 1500. Various articles both
useful and ornamental were made of it, as bottles, vases, etc. A
glass bottle with the name of Sargon on it was found among the
ruins of the north-west palace of Nimroud. The Hebrew word
_zekukith_ (Job 28:17), rendered in the Authorized Version
"crystal," is rightly rendered in the Revised Version "glass."
This is the only allusion to glass found in the Old Testament.
It is referred to in the New Testament in Rev. 4:6; 15:2; 21:18,
21. In Job 37:18, the word rendered "looking-glass" is in the
Revised Version properly rendered "mirror," formed, i.e., of
some metal. (Comp. Ex. 38:8: "looking-glasses" are brazen
mirrors, R.V.). A mirror is referred to also in James 1:23.



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