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given    音標拼音: [g'ɪvən] [g'ɪvɪn]
a. 贈予的,沉溺的,約定的
n.
vbl. give的過去分詞

贈予的,沈溺的,約定的give的過去分詞

given
adj 1: acknowledged as a supposition; "given the engine's
condition, it is a wonder that it started" [synonym: {given},
{granted}]
2: (usually followed by `to') naturally disposed toward; "he is
apt to ignore matters he considers unimportant"; "I am not
minded to answer any questions" [synonym: {apt(p)},
{disposed(p)}, {given(p)}, {minded(p)}, {tending(p)}]
n 1: an assumption that is taken for granted [synonym: {given},
{presumption}, {precondition}]

Give \Give\ (g[i^]v), v. t. [imp. {Gave} (g[=a]v); p. p. {Given}
(g[i^]v"'n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Giving}.] [OE. given, yiven,
yeven, AS. gifan, giefan; akin to D. geven, OS. ge[eth]an,
OHG. geban, G. geben, Icel. gefa, Sw. gifva, Dan. give, Goth.
giban. Cf. {Gift}, n.]
1. To bestow without receiving a return; to confer without
compensation; to impart, as a possession; to grant, as
authority or permission; to yield up or allow.
[1913 Webster]

For generous lords had rather give than pay.
--Young.
[1913 Webster]

2. To yield possesion of; to deliver over, as property, in
exchange for something; to pay; as, we give the value of
what we buy.
[1913 Webster]

What shall a man give in exchange for his soul ?
--Matt. xvi.
26.
[1913 Webster]

3. To yield; to furnish; to produce; to emit; as, flint and
steel give sparks.
[1913 Webster]

4. To communicate or announce, as advice, tidings, etc.; to
pronounce; to render or utter, as an opinion, a judgment,
a sentence, a shout, etc.
[1913 Webster]

5. To grant power or license to; to permit; to allow; to
license; to commission.
[1913 Webster]

It is given me once again to behold my friend.
--Rowe.
[1913 Webster]

Then give thy friend to shed the sacred wine.
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]

6. To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to show;
as, the number of men, divided by the number of ships,
gives four hundred to each ship.
[1913 Webster]

7. To devote; to apply; used reflexively, to devote or apply
one's self; as, the soldiers give themselves to plunder;
also in this sense used very frequently in the past
participle; as, the people are given to luxury and
pleasure; the youth is given to study.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Logic & Math.) To set forth as a known quantity or a
known relation, or as a premise from which to reason; --
used principally in the passive form given.
[1913 Webster]

9. To allow or admit by way of supposition.
[1913 Webster]

I give not heaven for lost. --Mlton.
[1913 Webster]

10. To attribute; to assign; to adjudge.
[1913 Webster]

I don't wonder at people's giving him to me as a
lover. --Sheridan.
[1913 Webster]

11. To excite or cause to exist, as a sensation; as, to give
offense; to give pleasure or pain.
[1913 Webster]

12. To pledge; as, to give one's word.
[1913 Webster]

13. To cause; to make; -- with the infinitive; as, to give
one to understand, to know, etc.
[1913 Webster]

But there the duke was given to understand
That in a gondola were seen together
Lorenzo and his amorous Jessica. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

14. To afford a view of; as, his window gave the park.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{To give away}, to make over to another; to transfer.
[1913 Webster]

Whatsoever we employ in charitable uses during our
lives, is given away from ourselves. --Atterbury.

{To give back}, to return; to restore. --Atterbury.

{To give the bag}, to cheat. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

I fear our ears have given us the bag. --J. Webster.

{To give birth to}.
(a) To bear or bring forth, as a child.
(b) To originate; to give existence to, as an enterprise,
idea.

{To give chase}, to pursue.

{To give ear to}. See under {Ear}.

{To give forth}, to give out; to publish; to tell. --Hayward.

{To give ground}. See under {Ground}, n.

{To give the hand}, to pledge friendship or faith.

{To give the hand of}, to espouse; to bestow in marriage.

{To give the head}. See under {Head}, n.

{To give in}.
(a) To abate; to deduct.
(b) To declare; to make known; to announce; to tender;
as, to give in one's adhesion to a party.

{To give the lie to} (a person), to tell (him) that he lies.


{To give line}. See under {Line}.

{To give off}, to emit, as steam, vapor, odor, etc.

{To give one's self away}, to make an inconsiderate surrender
of one's cause, an unintentional disclosure of one's
purposes, or the like. [Colloq.]

{To give out}.
(a) To utter publicly; to report; to announce or declare.
[1913 Webster]

One that gives out himself Prince Florizel.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Give out you are of Epidamnum. --Shak.
(b) To send out; to emit; to distribute; as, a substance
gives out steam or odors.

{To give over}.
(a) To yield completely; to quit; to abandon.
(b) To despair of.
(c) To addict, resign, or apply (one's self).
[1913 Webster]

The Babylonians had given themselves over to
all manner of vice. --Grew.

{To give place}, to withdraw; to yield one's claim.

{To give points}.
(a) In games of skill, to equalize chances by conceding a
certain advantage; to allow a handicap.
(b) To give useful suggestions. [Colloq.]

{To give rein}. See under {Rein}, n.

{To give the sack}. Same as {To give the bag}.

{To give and take}.
(a) To average gains and losses.
(b) To exchange freely, as blows, sarcasms, etc.

{To give time}
(Law), to accord extension or forbearance to a debtor.
--Abbott.

{To give the time of day}, to salute one with the compliment
appropriate to the hour, as "good morning." "good
evening", etc.

{To give tongue}, in hunter's phrase, to bark; -- said of
dogs.

{To give up}.
(a) To abandon; to surrender. "Don't give up the ship."
[1913 Webster]

He has . . . given up
For certain drops of salt, your city Rome.
--Shak.
(b) To make public; to reveal.
[1913 Webster]

I'll not state them
By giving up their characters. --Beau. & Fl.
(c) (Used also reflexively.)

{To give up the ghost}. See under {Ghost}.

{To give one's self up}, to abandon hope; to despair; to
surrender one's self.

{To give way}.
(a) To withdraw; to give place.
(b) To yield to force or pressure; as, the scaffolding
gave way.
(c) (Naut.) To begin to row; or to row with increased
energy.
(d) (Stock Exchange). To depreciate or decline in value;
as, railroad securities gave way two per cent.

{To give way together}, to row in time; to keep stroke.

Syn: To {Give}, {Confer}, {Grant}.

Usage: To give is the generic word, embracing all the rest.
To confer was originally used of persons in power, who
gave permanent grants or privileges; as, to confer the
order of knighthood; and hence it still denotes the
giving of something which might have been withheld;
as, to confer a favor. To grant is to give in answer
to a petition or request, or to one who is in some way
dependent or inferior.
[1913 Webster]


Given \Giv"en\,
p. p. & a. from {Give}, v.
[1913 Webster]

1. (Math. & Logic) Granted; assumed; supposed to be known;
set forth as a known quantity, relation, or premise.
[1913 Webster]

2. Disposed; inclined; -- used with an adv.; as, virtuously
given. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. Stated; fixed; as, in a given time.
[1913 Webster]

{Given name}, the Christian name, or name given by one's
parents or guardians, as distinguished from the {surname},
which is inherited. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

132 Moby Thesaurus words for "given":
God-given, accepted, accorded, accounted as, accustomed,
acknowledged, actuality, addicted, affirmed, alleged, allowed, apt,
apt to, assumed, assumption, assumptive, bent, bestowed,
boundary condition, calculated to, catch, certainty, charitable,
clause, complimentary, conceded, condition, conditional, confirmed,
conjectured, costless, dedicated, deemed, disposed, disposed to,
dispositioned, donnee, eleemosynary, escalator clause,
escape clause, escape hatch, expenseless, fact, fine print, fixed,
for free, for love, for nothing, foreordained, free, free as air,
free for nothing, free gratis, free of charge, free of cost,
freebie, giftlike, given to, gospel, granted, gratis, gratuitous,
grounds, in the mood, inclined, inclined to, inferred, joker,
kicker, liable, liable to, likely, likely to, limiting condition,
minded, minded to, noted, obligation, on the house, parameter,
postulated, postulational, prearranged, predisposed,
predisposed to, premised, preordained, prerequisite, presumed,
presumptive, presupposed, prone, prone to, providential, provision,
provisional, provisions, proviso, provisory, putative, ready to,
reality, reputed, requisite, saving clause, set, settled,
sine qua non, small print, specification, specificative, specified,
stated, stipulated, stipulation, stipulatory, string, supposed,
suppositional, supposititious, suppositive, taken for granted,
terms, the truth, ultimatum, unbought, understood, unpaid-for,
untaxed, vouchsafed, whereas, without charge

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