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gauge    音標拼音: [g'edʒ]
n. 標準度量,計量器
vt. 精確計量,估計

標準度量,計量器精確計量,估計

gauge
量規


gauge
不均勻厚度; 規格不符; 非標準的

gauge
線規 量器

gauge
n 1: a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a
quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of
rain etc. [synonym: {gauge}, {gage}]
2: accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or
quality against which others are judged or measured or
compared [synonym: {gauge}, {standard of measurement}]
3: the distance between the rails of a railway or between the
wheels of a train
4: the thickness of wire
5: diameter of a tube or gun barrel [synonym: {bore}, {gauge},
{caliber}, {calibre}]
v 1: judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or
time); "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
[synonym: {estimate}, {gauge}, {approximate}, {guess}, {judge}]
2: rub to a uniform size; "gauge bricks"
3: determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement
and calculation; "gauge the wine barrels"
4: measure precisely and against a standard; "the wire is
gauged"
5: adapt to a specified measurement; "gauge the instruments"
6: mix in specific proportions; "gauge plaster"

Gauge \Gauge\, n. [Written also gage.]
1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to
determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
[1913 Webster]

This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and
groove to equal breadth by. --Moxon.
[1913 Webster]

There is not in our hands any fixed gauge of minds.
--I. Taylor.
[1913 Webster]

2. Measure; dimensions; estimate.
[1913 Webster]

The gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and
contempt. --Burke.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Mach. & Manuf.) Any instrument for ascertaining or
regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or
template; as, a button maker's gauge.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Physics) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the
state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical
elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some
particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Naut.)
(a) Relative positions of two or more vessels with
reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather
gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and
the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
(b) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
--Totten.
[1913 Webster]

6. The distance between the rails of a railway.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The standard gauge of railroads in most countries is
four feet, eight and one half inches. Wide, or broad,
gauge, in the United States, is six feet; in England,
seven feet, and generally any gauge exceeding standard
gauge. Any gauge less than standard gauge is now called
narrow gauge. It varies from two feet to three feet six
inches.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with
common plaster to accelerate its setting.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Building) That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which
is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of
such shingles, slates, or tiles.
[1913 Webster]

{Gauge of a carriage}, {car}, etc., the distance between the
wheels; -- ordinarily called the {track}.

{Gauge cock}, a stop cock used as a try cock for ascertaining
the height of the water level in a steam boiler.

{Gauge concussion} (Railroads), the jar caused by a car-wheel
flange striking the edge of the rail.

{Gauge glass}, a glass tube for a water gauge.

{Gauge lathe}, an automatic lathe for turning a round object
having an irregular profile, as a baluster or chair round,
to a templet or gauge.

{Gauge point}, the diameter of a cylinder whose altitude is
one inch, and contents equal to that of a unit of a given
measure; -- a term used in gauging casks, etc.

{Gauge rod}, a graduated rod, for measuring the capacity of
barrels, casks, etc.

{Gauge saw}, a handsaw, with a gauge to regulate the depth of
cut. --Knight.

{Gauge stuff}, a stiff and compact plaster, used in making
cornices, moldings, etc., by means of a templet.

{Gauge wheel}, a wheel at the forward end of a plow beam, to
determine the depth of the furrow.

{Joiner's gauge}, an instrument used to strike a line
parallel to the straight side of a board, etc.

{Printer's gauge}, an instrument to regulate the length of
the page.

{Rain gauge}, an instrument for measuring the quantity of
rain at any given place.

{Salt gauge}, or {Brine gauge}, an instrument or contrivance
for indicating the degree of saltness of water from its
specific gravity, as in the boilers of ocean steamers.

{Sea gauge}, an instrument for finding the depth of the sea.


{Siphon gauge}, a glass siphon tube, partly filled with
mercury, -- used to indicate pressure, as of steam, or the
degree of rarefaction produced in the receiver of an air
pump or other vacuum; a manometer.

{Sliding gauge}. (Mach.)
(a) A templet or pattern for gauging the commonly accepted
dimensions or shape of certain parts in general use,
as screws, railway-car axles, etc.
(b) A gauge used only for testing other similar gauges,
and preserved as a reference, to detect wear of the
working gauges.
(c) (Railroads) See Note under {Gauge}, n., 5.

{Star gauge} (Ordnance), an instrument for measuring the
diameter of the bore of a cannon at any point of its
length.

{Steam gauge}, an instrument for measuring the pressure of
steam, as in a boiler.

{Tide gauge}, an instrument for determining the height of the
tides.

{Vacuum gauge}, a species of barometer for determining the
relative elasticities of the vapor in the condenser of a
steam engine and the air.

{Water gauge}.
(a) A contrivance for indicating the height of a water
surface, as in a steam boiler; as by a gauge cock or
glass.
(b) The height of the water in the boiler.

{Wind gauge}, an instrument for measuring the force of the
wind on any given surface; an anemometer.

{Wire gauge}, a gauge for determining the diameter of wire or
the thickness of sheet metal; also, a standard of size.
See under {Wire}.
[1913 Webster]


Gauge \Gauge\ (g[=a]j), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gauged}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Gauging}] [OF. gaugier, F. jauger, cf. OF. gauge
gauge, measuring rod, F. jauge; of uncertain origin; perh.
fr. an assumed L. qualificare to determine the qualities of a
thing (see {Qualify}); but cf. also F. jalon a measuring
stake in surveying, and E. gallon.] [Written also {gage}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To measure or determine with a gauge.
[1913 Webster]

2. To measure or to ascertain the contents or the capacity
of, as of a pipe, barrel, or keg.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Mech.) To measure the dimensions of, or to test the
accuracy of the form of, as of a part of a gunlock.
[1913 Webster]

The vanes nicely gauged on each side. --Derham.
[1913 Webster]

4. To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread
through it, as cloth or a garment.
[1913 Webster]

5. To measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to
estimate; to judge of.
[1913 Webster]

You shall not gauge me
By what we do to-night. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

168 Moby Thesaurus words for "gauge":
Johansson block, T square, adjust, amount, amplitude, appraise,
appreciate, area, assay, assess, barometer, basis, benchmark,
bigness, body, breadth, bulk, calculate, caliber, calibrate,
caliper, calipers, call, canon, capacity, catalog, categorize,
chain, check, check a parameter, class, classify, compass, compute,
coverage, criterion, degree, depth, determine, dial, diameter,
dimension, dimensions, dipstick, divide, dividers, enlarge,
estimate, evaluate, example, expanse, expansion, extension, extent,
factor, fathom, feeler gauge, figure, foot rule, form an estimate,
gage, gauge block, gauger, girth, give an appreciation, goniometer,
grade, gradiometer, graduate, graduated scale, greatness, group,
guess, guide, guideline, height, identify, instrument, judge,
largeness, length, level, limit, line, litmus test, log, log line,
magnitude, make an estimation, mark, mass, match, measure,
measurement, measurer, mensurate, mete, meter, meterstick,
micrometer, model, norm, octant, pace, parameter, pattern, plumb,
plumb rule, prize, probe, proportion, proportions, protractor,
quadrant, quantify, quantity, quantize, radius, range, rank, rate,
reach, reading, readout, reckon, rod, rule, ruler, scale, scope,
sector, set square, sextant, sift, size, size up, sort, sort out,
sound, span, spirit level, spread, square, standard, step, survey,
take a reading, tape, tape measure, tapeline, test, theodolite,
thrash out, touchstone, transit, transit theodolite, triangulate,
try square, type, valuate, value, vernier, vernier caliper, volume,
weigh, width, winnow, yardstick

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