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focus    音標拼音: [f'okəs] [f'okɪs]
n. 焦點,焦距
vi. 聚焦,注視
vt. 使聚焦,調焦,集中
n. 焦點

焦點,焦距聚焦,注視使聚焦,調焦,集中焦點

focus
焦點


FOCUS
焦點

focus
焦點

focus
n 1: the concentration of attention or energy on something; "the
focus of activity shifted to molecular biology"; "he had no
direction in his life" [synonym: {focus}, {focusing},
{focussing}, {focal point}, {direction}, {centering}]
2: maximum clarity or distinctness of an image rendered by an
optical system; "in focus"; "out of focus"
3: maximum clarity or distinctness of an idea; "the controversy
brought clearly into focus an important difference of
opinion"
4: a central point or locus of an infection in an organism; "the
focus of infection" [synonym: {focus}, {focal point}, {nidus}]
5: special emphasis attached to something; "the stress was more
on accuracy than on speed" [synonym: {stress}, {focus}]
6: a point of convergence of light (or other radiation) or a
point from which it diverges [synonym: {focus}, {focal point}]
7: a fixed reference point on the concave side of a conic
section
v 1: direct one's attention on something; "Please focus on your
studies and not on your hobbies" [synonym: {concentrate},
{focus}, {center}, {centre}, {pore}, {rivet}]
2: cause to converge on or toward a central point; "Focus the
light on this image" [ant: {blur}]
3: bring into focus or alignment; to converge or cause to
converge; of ideas or emotions [synonym: {concenter},
{concentre}, {focalize}, {focalise}, {focus}]
4: become focussed or come into focus; "The light focused" [synonym:
{focus}, {focalize}, {focalise}] [ant: {blur}, {dim}, {slur}]
5: put (an image) into focus; "Please focus the image; we cannot
enjoy the movie" [synonym: {focus}, {focalize}, {focalise},
{sharpen}] [ant: {blear}, {blur}]

Focus \Fo"cus\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Focused}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Focusing}.]
To bring to a focus; to focalize; as, to focus a camera. --R.
Hunt.
[1913 Webster]


Focus \Fo"cus\ (f[=o]"k[u^]s), n.; pl. E. {Focuses}
(f[=o]"k[u^]s*[e^]z), L. {Foci} (f[=o]"s[imac]). [L. focus
hearth, fireplace; perh. akin to E. bake. Cf. {Curfew},
{Fuel}, {Fusil} the firearm.]
1. (Opt.) A point in which the rays of light meet, after
being reflected or refracted, and at which the image is
formed; as, the focus of a lens or mirror.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Geom.) A point so related to a conic section and certain
straight line called the directrix that the ratio of the
distance between any point of the curve and the focus to
the distance of the same point from the directrix is
constant.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Thus, in the ellipse FGHKLM, A is the focus and CD the
directrix, when the ratios FA:FE, GA:GD, MA:MC, etc.,
are all equal. So in the hyperbola, A is the focus and
CD the directrix when the ratio HA:HK is constant for
all points of the curve; and in the parabola, A is the
focus and CD the directrix when the ratio BA:BC is
constant. In the ellipse this ratio is less than unity,
in the parabola equal to unity, and in the hyperbola
greater than unity. The ellipse and hyperbola have each
two foci, and two corresponding directrixes, and the
parabola has one focus and one directrix. In the
ellipse the sum of the two lines from any point of the
curve to the two foci is constant; that is: AG GB =
AH HB; and in the hyperbola the difference of the
corresponding lines is constant. The diameter which
passes through the foci of the ellipse is the major
axis. The diameter which being produced passes through
the foci of the hyperbola is the transverse axis. The
middle point of the major or the transverse axis is the
center of the curve. Certain other curves, as the
lemniscate and the Cartesian ovals, have points called
foci, possessing properties similar to those of the
foci of conic sections. In an ellipse, rays of light
coming from one focus, and reflected from the curve,
proceed in lines directed toward the other; in an
hyperbola, in lines directed from the other; in a
parabola, rays from the focus, after reflection at the
curve, proceed in lines parallel to the axis. Thus rays
from A in the ellipse are reflected to B; rays from A
in the hyperbola are reflected toward L and M away from
B.
[1913 Webster]

3. A central point; a point of concentration.
[1913 Webster]

{Aplanatic focus}. (Opt.) See under {Aplanatic}.

{Conjugate focus} (Opt.), the focus for rays which have a
sensible divergence, as from a near object; -- so called
because the positions of the object and its image are
interchangeable.

{Focus tube} (Phys.), a vacuum tube for R[oe]ntgen rays in
which the cathode rays are focused upon the anticathode,
for intensifying the effect.

{Principal focus}, or {Solar focus} (Opt.), the focus for
parallel rays.
[1913 Webster]

96 Moby Thesaurus words for "focus":
adductor, approach, asymptote, attractant, attrahent, axiom,
blurred, blurry, bottleneck, bring into focus, center,
center of attraction, center of consciousness, center of interest,
clear, collision course, concenter, concentralization,
concentralize, concentrate, concentration, concourse, concurrence,
confluence, conflux, congress, converge, convergence, converging,
core, crossing, cynosure, distinct, elixir, essence, essential,
fix, fixate, flower, focal point, focalization, focalize,
focus of attention, fundamental, funnel, fuzzy, gist, gravamen,
heart, hub, hypostasis, in focus, indistinct, inner essence,
kernel, lodestar, lure, magnet, marrow, meat, meet, meeting,
mutual approach, narrowing gap, nave, nerve, nub, nucleus,
nuts and bolts, out of focus, pinpoint, pith, point of convergence,
polestar, postulate, prime focus, principle, put, quid, quiddity,
quintessence, radius, rivet, sap, soul, spirit, spokes, spotlight,
stuff, substance, tangent, target, the nitty-gritty, unclear,
woolly, zero in

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