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fast    音標拼音: [f'æst]
a. 快速的,耐久的,緊的
ad. 很快地,緊緊地,徹底地
n. 絕食,齋戒
vi. 絕食,齋戒

快速的,耐久的,緊的很快地,緊緊地,徹底地絕食,齋戒絕食,齋戒

fast


fast
adv 1: quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form); "how
fast can he get here?"; "ran as fast as he could"; "needs
medical help fast"; "fast-running rivers"; "fast-breaking
news"; "fast-opening (or fast-closing) shutters"
2: firmly or closely; "held fast to the rope"; "her foot was
stuck fast"; "held tight" [synonym: {fast}, {tight}]
adj 1: acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;
"fast film"; "on the fast track in school"; "set a fast
pace"; "a fast car" [ant: {slow}]
2: (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than
the correct time; "my watch is fast" [ant: {slow}]
3: at a rapid tempo; "the band played a fast fox trot" [ant:
{slow}]
4: (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; "a fast road";
"grass courts are faster than clay"
5: resistant to destruction or fading; "fast colors"
6: unrestrained by convention or morality; "Congreve draws a
debauched aristocratic society"; "deplorably dissipated and
degraded"; "riotous living"; "fast women" [synonym: {debauched},
{degenerate}, {degraded}, {dissipated}, {dissolute},
{libertine}, {profligate}, {riotous}, {fast}]
7: hurried and brief; "paid a flying visit"; "took a flying
glance at the book"; "a quick inspection"; "a fast visit"
[synonym: {flying}, {quick}, {fast}]
8: securely fixed in place; "the post was still firm after being
hit by the car" [synonym: {fast}, {firm}, {immobile}]
9: unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause; "a firm
ally"; "loyal supporters"; "the true-hearted soldier...of
Tippecanoe"- Campaign song for William Henry Harrison; "fast
friends" [synonym: {firm}, {loyal}, {truehearted}, {fast(a)}]
10: (of a photographic lens or emulsion) causing a shortening of
exposure time; "a fast lens"
n 1: abstaining from food [synonym: {fast}, {fasting}]
v 1: abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical
reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
2: abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"

Fast \Fast\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Fasted}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Fasting}.] [AS. f[ae]stan; akin to D. vasten, OHG.
fast[=e]n, G. fasten, Icel. & Sw. fasta, Dan. faste, Goth.
fastan to keep, observe, fast, and prob. to E. fast firm.]
1. To abstain from food; to omit to take nourishment in whole
or in part; to go hungry.
[1913 Webster]

Fasting he went to sleep, and fasting waked.
--Milton.
[1913 Webster]

2. To practice abstinence as a religious exercise or duty; to
abstain from food voluntarily for a time, for the
mortification of the body or appetites, or as a token of
grief, or humiliation and penitence.
[1913 Webster]

Thou didst fast and weep for the child. --2 Sam.
xii. 21.
[1913 Webster]

{Fasting day}, a fast day; a day of fasting.
[1913 Webster]


Fast \Fast\, a. [Compar. {Faster}; superl. {Fastest}.] [OE.,
firm, strong, not loose, AS. f[ae]st; akin to OS. fast, D.
vast, OHG. fasti, festi, G. fest, Icel. fastr, Sw. & Dan.
fast, and perh. to E. fetter. The sense swift comes from the
idea of keeping close to what is pursued; a Scandinavian use.
Cf. {Fast}, adv., {Fast}, v., {Avast}.]
1. Firmly fixed; closely adhering; made firm; not loose,
unstable, or easily moved; immovable; as, to make fast the
door.
[1913 Webster]

There is an order that keeps things fast. --Burke.
[1913 Webster]

2. Firm against attack; fortified by nature or art;
impregnable; strong.
[1913 Webster]

Outlaws . . . lurking in woods and fast places.
--Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

3. Firm in adherence; steadfast; not easily separated or
alienated; faithful; as, a fast friend.
[1913 Webster]

4. Permanent; not liable to fade by exposure to air or by
washing; durable; lasting; as, fast colors.
[1913 Webster]

5. Tenacious; retentive. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Roses, damask and red, are fast flowers of their
smells. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

6. Not easily disturbed or broken; deep; sound.
[1913 Webster]

All this while in a most fast sleep. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

7. Moving rapidly; quick in mition; rapid; swift; as, a fast
horse.
[1913 Webster]

8. Given to pleasure seeking; disregardful of restraint;
reckless; wild; dissipated; dissolute; as, a fast man; a
fast liver. --Thackeray.
[1913 Webster]

9. In such a condition, as to resilience, etc., as to make
possible unusual rapidity of play or action; as, a fast
racket, or tennis court; a fast track; a fast billiard
table, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Fast and loose}, now cohering, now disjoined; inconstant,
esp. in the phrases to play at fast and loose, to play
fast and loose, to act with giddy or reckless inconstancy
or in a tricky manner; to say one thing and do another.
"Play fast and loose with faith." --Shak.

{Fast and loose pulleys} (Mach.), two pulleys placed side by
side on a revolving shaft, which is driven from another
shaft by a band, and arranged to disengage and re["e]ngage
the machinery driven thereby. When the machinery is to be
stopped, the band is transferred from the pulley fixed to
the shaft to the pulley which revolves freely upon it, and
vice versa.

{Hard and fast} (Naut.), so completely aground as to be
immovable.

{To make fast} (Naut.), to make secure; to fasten firmly, as
a vessel, a rope, or a door.
[1913 Webster]


Fast \Fast\, n. [OE. faste, fast; cf. AS. f[ae]sten, OHG. fasta,
G. faste. See {Fast}, v. i.]
1. Abstinence from food; omission to take nourishment.
[1913 Webster]

Surfeit is the father of much fast. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Voluntary abstinence from food, for a space of time, as a
spiritual discipline, or as a token of religious
humiliation.
[1913 Webster]

3. A time of fasting, whether a day, week, or longer time; a
period of abstinence from food or certain kinds of food;
as, an annual fast.
[1913 Webster]

{Fast day}, a day appointed for fasting, humiliation, and
religious offices as a means of invoking the favor of God.


{To break one's fast}, to put an end to a period of
abstinence by taking food; especially, to take one's
morning meal; to breakfast. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]


Fast \Fast\, adv. [OE. faste firmly, strongly, quickly, AS.
f[ae]ste. See {Fast}, a.]
1. In a fast, fixed, or firmly established manner; fixedly;
firmly; immovably.
[1913 Webster]

We will bind thee fast. --Judg. xv.
13.
[1913 Webster]

2. In a fast or rapid manner; quickly; swiftly;
extravagantly; wildly; as, to run fast; to live fast.
[1913 Webster]

{Fast by}, or {Fast beside}, close or near to; near at hand.
[1913 Webster]

He, after Eve seduced, unminded slunk
Into the wood fast by. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Fast by the throne obsequious Fame resides. --Pope.
[1913 Webster]


Fast \Fast\, n.
That which fastens or holds; especially, (Naut.) a mooring
rope, hawser, or chain; -- called, according to its position,
a bow, head, quarter, breast, or stern fast; also, a post on
a pier around which hawsers are passed in mooring.
[1913 Webster]

349 Moby Thesaurus words for "fast":
Barmecidal feast, Encratism, Friday, Lenten diet,
Lenten entertainment, Lenten fare, Pythagoreanism, Pythagorism,
Rechabitism, Sabbath, Shakerism, Spartan fare, Stoicism, Sunday,
abandoned, abstain, abstainment, abstemiousness, abstention,
abstinence, accelerated, active, agile, aground, airtight, alert,
amain, anchored, apace, ardent, asceticism, at flank speed,
attached, avoidance, balanced, banyan day, bare subsistence,
bonded, bound, bread and water, breakneck, brief, brisk, briskly,
calculable, caught, celibacy, cemented, chained, chastity, chronic,
church calendar, close, close to, closely, colorfast, committed,
compact, confirmed, connected, constant, continence, cool, dashing,
debauched, dedicated, deep-dyed, deep-fixed, deep-rooted,
deep-seated, deep-set, deep-settled, dependable, devoted, diet,
dissipated, dissolute, dissolutely, double-dyed, double-quick,
dustproof, dusttight, dyed-in-the-wool, eagle-winged,
eat sparingly, ecclesiastical calendar, eschewal, established,
expeditious, expeditiously, express, extravagant, extravagantly,
fadeless, faithful, faithworthy, fastened, fasting, feast,
fecklessly, fiducial, firm, firm as Gibraltar, firmly, fish day,
fixed, fixedly, flat-out, fleet, flying, free, fruitarianism,
full tilt, gallant, galloping, gasproof, gastight, gay, glued,
go hungry, grounded, gymnosophy, hair-trigger, hand over fist,
hand over hand, hastily, hasty, headlong, held, hell for leather,
hell-bent, hell-bent for election, hermetic, hermetically sealed,
high and dry, high-speed, holy day, holytide, hurried, hurriedly,
hustling, immediately, immoral, immovable, immovably, impacted,
imperturbable, implanted, in a flash, in a twinkling, in a wink,
in double time, in double-quick time, in equilibrium, in high,
in high gear, in nothing flat, in seven-league boots,
in short order, incorrigible, inculcated, indecorous, indecorously,
indelible, inextricable, infixed, ingrain, ingrained, inseparably,
instilled, intemperate, intemperately, inveterate, invincible,
irresponsible, irreversible, jammed, keen, lack of food, lasting,
lecherous, lecherously, licentious, licentiously, lickety-cut,
lickety-split, liege, light of heel, light-footed, lightproof,
lighttight, like a flash, like a shot, like wildfire, lively,
long-established, loose, loosely, loyal, lustful, lustfully,
meager diet, mercurial, moored, near, nephalism, nimble,
nimble-footed, not eat, of easy virtue, oilproof, oiltight,
on the double, packed, permanent, plain living, post, posthaste,
precipitate, predictable, presto, profligate, promiscuous,
promiscuously, prompt, promptly, pronto, quick, quick as lightning,
quick as thought, quickly, rainproof, raintight, rakehell,
rakehellish, rakehelly, raking, rakish, rapid, rapidly, reckless,
recklessly, refraining, refrainment, reliable, resolute, right,
rooted, running, sealed, secure, secured, securely, self-denial,
self-indulgent, set, settled, settled in habit, sexual abstinence,
short commons, shut fast, simple diet, smokeproof, smoketight,
snappily, snappy, snug, solid, solidly, soon, sound, soundly,
spanking, spare diet, speedily, speedy, stable, starvation diet,
staunch, steadfast, steadfastly, steady, stormproof, stormtight,
stranded, strong, stuck, stuck fast, substantial, sure, surefire,
swift, swiftly, sybaritic, sybaritically, taped, teetotalism,
tested, tethered, the pledge, thorough, tied, tight, tightly,
total abstinence, transfixed, tried, tried and true, trippingly,
true, trustworthy, trusty, unbridled, under forced draft, unfading,
unfailing, unflappable, unflinching, unrestrained, unrestrainedly,
unshakable, unshakably, unshakeable, unshakeably, unwavering,
vegetarianism, wanton, wantonly, water-repellant, waterproof,
watertight, wedged, well-balanced, well-founded, well-grounded,
whip and spur, wild, wildly, windproof, windtight, winged,
with all haste, with all speed, with giant strides,
with rapid strides, with speed, without nerves, xerophagia,
xerophagy

1. {Federation Against Software Theft}.

2. {Fortran Automatic Symbol Translator}.

(1996-05-19)

Forschungsinstitut fuer Angewandte Software-Technologie [e.v.] (org.)

Fast
The sole fast required by the law of Moses was that of the great
Day of Atonement (q.v.), Lev. 23:26-32. It is called "the fast"
(Acts 27:9).

The only other mention of a periodical fast in the Old
Testament is in Zech. 7:1-7; 8:19, from which it appears that
during their captivity the Jews observed four annual fasts.

(1.) The fast of the fourth month, kept on the seventeenth day
of Tammuz, the anniversary of the capture of Jerusalem by the
Chaldeans; to commemorate also the incident recorded Ex. 32:19.
(Comp. Jer. 52:6, 7.)

(2.) The fast of the fifth month, kept on the ninth of Ab
(comp. Num. 14:27), to commemorate the burning of the city and
temple (Jer. 52:12, 13).

(3.) The fast of the seventh month, kept on the third of Tisri
(comp. 2 Kings 25), the anniversary of the murder of Gedaliah
(Jer. 41:1, 2).

(4.) The fast of the tenth month (comp. Jer. 52:4; Ezek.
33:21; 2 Kings 25:1), to commemorate the beginning of the siege
of the holy city by Nebuchadnezzar.

There was in addition to these the fast appointed by Esther
(4:16).

Public national fasts on account of sin or to supplicate
divine favour were sometimes held. (1.) 1 Sam. 7:6; (2.) 2 Chr.
20:3; (3.) Jer. 36:6-10; (4.) Neh. 9:1.

There were also local fasts. (1.) Judg. 20:26; (2.) 2 Sam.
1:12; (3.) 1 Sam. 31:13; (4.) 1 Kings 21:9-12; (5.) Ezra
8:21-23: (6.) Jonah 3:5-9.

There are many instances of private occasional fasting (1 Sam.
1:7: 20:34; 2 Sam. 3:35; 12:16; 1 Kings 21:27; Ezra 10:6; Neh.
1:4; Dan. 10:2,3). Moses fasted forty days (Ex. 24:18; 34:28),
and so also did Elijah (1 Kings 19:8). Our Lord fasted forty
days in the wilderness (Matt. 4:2).

In the lapse of time the practice of fasting was lamentably
abused (Isa. 58:4; Jer. 14:12; Zech. 7:5). Our Lord rebuked the
Pharisees for their hypocritical pretences in fasting (Matt.
6:16). He himself appointed no fast. The early Christians,
however, observed the ordinary fasts according to the law of
their fathers (Acts 13:3; 14:23; 2 Cor. 6:5).



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