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faculty    音標拼音: [f'ækəlti]
n. 才能,本領;學院,系;全體教學人員

才能,本領;學院,系;全體教學人員

faculty
n 1: one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the
mind [synonym: {faculty}, {mental faculty}, {module}]
2: the body of teachers and administrators at a school; "the
dean addressed the letter to the entire staff of the
university" [synonym: {staff}, {faculty}]

Faculty \Fac"ul*ty\, n.; pl. {Faculties}. [F. facult?, L.
facultas, fr. facilis easy (cf. facul easily), fr. fecere to
make. See {Fact}, and cf. {Facility}.]
1. Ability to act or perform, whether inborn or cultivated;
capacity for any natural function; especially, an original
mental power or capacity for any of the well-known classes
of mental activity; psychical or soul capacity; capacity
for any of the leading kinds of soul activity, as
knowledge, feeling, volition; intellectual endowment or
gift; power; as, faculties of the mind or the soul.
[1913 Webster]

But know that in the soul
Are many lesser faculties that serve
Reason as chief. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

What a piece of work is a man ! how noble in reason
! how infinite in faculty ! --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. Special mental endowment; characteristic knack.
[1913 Webster]

He had a ready faculty, indeed, of escaping from any
topic that agitated his too sensitive and nervous
temperament. --Hawthorne.
[1913 Webster]

3. Power; prerogative or attribute of office. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

This Duncan
Hath borne his faculties so meek. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. Privilege or permission, granted by favor or indulgence,
to do a particular thing; authority; license;
dispensation.
[1913 Webster]

The pope . . . granted him a faculty to set him free
from his promise. --Fuller.
[1913 Webster]

It had not only faculty to inspect all bishops'
dioceses, but to change what laws and statutes they
should think fit to alter among the colleges.
--Evelyn.
[1913 Webster]

5. A body of a men to whom any specific right or privilege is
granted; formerly, the graduates in any of the four
departments of a university or college (Philosophy, Law,
Medicine, or Theology), to whom was granted the right of
teaching (profitendi or docendi) in the department in
which they had studied; at present, the members of a
profession itself; as, the medical faculty; the legal
faculty, etc.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Amer. Colleges) The body of person to whom are intrusted
the government and instruction of a college or university,
or of one of its departments; the president, professors,
and tutors in a college.
[1913 Webster]

{Dean of faculty}. See under {Dean}.

{Faculty of advocates}. (Scot.) See under {Advocate}.

Syn: Talent; gift; endowment; dexterity; expertness;
cleverness; readiness; ability; knack.
[1913 Webster]

124 Moby Thesaurus words for "faculty":
ability, ableness, absolute power, absolutism, adequacy,
adroitness, appurtenance, aptitude, aptness, authority,
authorization, bent, birthright, bump, caliber, capability,
capableness, capacity, claim, cleverness, competence, competency,
conjugal right, consciousness, constituted authority,
delegated authority, demand, department, dexterity, discipline,
dispensation, divine right, dower, dowry, droit, due, efficacy,
efficiency, endowment, equipment, facility, faculties, fitness,
flair, forte, function, genius, gift, inalienable right,
indirect authority, inherent authority, instinct,
intellectual gifts, intellectuals, interest, jus divinum, knack,
lawful authority, leaning, legal authority, legitimacy, liberty,
long suit, makings, members, metier, natural endowment,
natural gift, natural right, nose, parts, penchant, permission,
personnel, potential, power, powers, predilection, prerogative,
prescription, presumptive right, pretense, pretension, privilege,
proclivity, professorate, professordom, professoriate, professors,
proficiency, propensity, proper claim, property, property right,
qualification, quality, regality, right, rightful authority,
royal prerogative, sanction, school, senses, skill, speciality,
staff, strong flair, strong point, sufficiency, susceptibility,
talent, talents, the goods, the say, the say-so, the stuff, title,
turn, vested authority, vested interest, vested right,
vicarious authority, what it takes, wits

FACULTY, canon law. A license; an authority. For example, the ordinary
having the disposal of all seats in the nave of a church, may grant this
power, which, when it is delegated, is called a faculty, to another.
2. Faculties are of two kinds; first, when the grant is to a man and
his heirs in gross; second, when it is to a person and his heirs, as
appurtenant to a house which he holds in the parish. 1 T. R. 429, 432; 12
Co. R. 106.


FACULTY, Scotch law. Equivalent to ability or power. The term faculty is
more properly applied to a power founded on the consent of the party from
whom it springs, and not founded on property. Kames on Eq. 504.

facult


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