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exercise    音標拼音: ['ɛksɚs,ɑɪz]
n. C練習,習題;訓練,鍛煉;U行使,運用,實行;C演習,操練
vt. 訓練,鍛煉;行使

C練習,習題;訓練,鍛煉;U行使,運用,實行;C演習,操練訓練,鍛煉;行使

exercise
n 1: the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to
keep fit; "the doctor recommended regular exercise"; "he
did some exercising"; "the physical exertion required by
his work kept him fit" [synonym: {exercise}, {exercising},
{physical exercise}, {physical exertion}, {workout}]
2: the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic
drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers" [synonym:
{use}, {usage}, {utilization}, {utilisation}, {employment},
{exercise}]
3: systematic training by multiple repetitions; "practice makes
perfect" [synonym: {exercise}, {practice}, {drill}, {practice
session}, {recitation}]
4: a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill
or understanding; "you must work the examples at the end of
each chapter in the textbook" [synonym: {exercise}, {example}]
5: (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and
speeches; "academic exercises"
v 1: put to use; "exert one's power or influence" [synonym: {exert},
{exercise}]
2: carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions; "practice
law" [synonym: {practice}, {practise}, {exercise}, {do}]
3: give a workout to; "Some parents exercise their infants"; "My
personal trainer works me hard"; "work one's muscles"; "this
puzzle will exercise your mind" [synonym: {exercise}, {work},
{work out}]
4: do physical exercise; "She works out in the gym every day"
[synonym: {exercise}, {work out}]
5: learn by repetition; "We drilled French verbs every day";
"Pianists practice scales" [synonym: {drill}, {exercise},
{practice}, {practise}]

Exercise \Ex"er*cise\, n. [F. exercice, L. exercitium, from
exercere, exercitum, to drive on, keep, busy, prob. orig., to
thrust or drive out of the inclosure; ex out arcere to shut
up, inclose. See {Ark}.]
1. The act of exercising; a setting in action or practicing;
employment in the proper mode of activity; exertion;
application; use; habitual activity; occupation, in
general; practice.
[1913 Webster]

exercise of the important function confided by the
constitution to the legislature. --Jefferson.
[1913 Webster]

O we will walk this world,
Yoked in all exercise of noble end. --Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

2. Exertion for the sake of training or improvement whether
physical, intellectual, or moral; practice to acquire
skill, knowledge, virtue, perfectness, grace, etc. "Desire
of knightly exercise." --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

An exercise of the eyes and memory. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

3. Bodily exertion for the sake of keeping the organs and
functions in a healthy state; hygienic activity; as, to
take exercise on horseback; to exercise on a treadmill or
in a gym.
[1913 Webster PJC]

The wise for cure on exercise depend. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. The performance of an office, a ceremony, or a religious
duty.
[1913 Webster]

Lewis refused even those of the church of England .
. . the public exercise of their religion.
--Addison.
[1913 Webster]

To draw him from his holy exercise. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. That which is done for the sake of exercising, practicing,
training, or promoting skill, health, mental, improvement,
moral discipline, etc.; that which is assigned or
prescribed for such ends; hence, a disquisition; a lesson;
a task; as, military or naval exercises; musical
exercises; an exercise in composition; arithmetic
exercises.
[1913 Webster]

The clumsy exercises of the European tourney.
--Prescott.
[1913 Webster]

He seems to have taken a degree, and performed
public exercises in Cambridge, in 1565. --Brydges.
[1913 Webster]

6. That which gives practice; a trial; a test.
[1913 Webster]

Patience is more oft the exercise
Of saints, the trial of their fortitude. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

{Exercise bone} (Med.), a deposit of bony matter in the soft
tissues, produced by pressure or exertion.
[1913 Webster]


Exercise \Ex"er*cise\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Exercised}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Exercising}.]
1. To set in action; to cause to act, move, or make exertion;
to give employment to; to put in action habitually or
constantly; to school or train; to exert repeatedly; to
busy.
[1913 Webster]

Herein do I Exercise myself, to have always a
conscience void of offence. --Acts xxiv.
16.
[1913 Webster]

2. To exert for the sake of training or improvement; to
practice in order to develop; hence, also, to improve by
practice; to discipline, and to use or to for the purpose
of training; as, to exercise arms; to exercise one's self
in music; to exercise troops.
[1913 Webster]

About him exercised heroic games
The unarmed youth. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. To occupy the attention and effort of; to task; to tax,
especially in a painful or vexatious manner; harass; to
vex; to worry or make anxious; to affect; to discipline;
as, exercised with pain.
[1913 Webster]

Where pain of unextinguishable fire
Must exercise us without hope of end. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

4. To put in practice; to carry out in action; to perform the
duties of; to use; to employ; to practice; as, to exercise
authority; to exercise an office.
[1913 Webster]

I am the Lord which exercise loving-kindness,
judgment, and righteousness in the earth. --Jer. ix.
24.
[1913 Webster]

The people of the land have used oppression and
exercised robbery. --Ezek. xxii.
29.
[1913 Webster]


Exercise \Ex"er*cise\, v. i.
To exercise one's self, as under military training; to drill;
to take exercise; to use action or exertion; to practice
gymnastics; as, to exercise for health or amusement.
[1913 Webster]

I wear my trusty sword,
When I do exercise. --Cowper.
[1913 Webster]

398 Moby Thesaurus words for "exercise":
Nachtmusik, abrade, absolute music, absorb, absorb the attention,
act, acting, action, active use, activism, activity, adaptation,
aerobics, agency, aggravate, agitate, air varie, aleatory,
aleatory music, annoy, appliance, application, apply, apprentice,
apprenticeship, arrangement, arrest, assignment, athletics,
baccalaureate service, badger, bait, basic training, be at,
bedevil, behavior, beset, bestow, boning, bother, brainwork, break,
break in, breaking, breather, breed, breeding, bring to bear,
bring up, bristle, brown off, bug, bullyrag, burden, burn up,
busywork, calisthenics, callisthenics, carry on, catch,
celebration, ceremonial, ceremony, chafe, chalk talk,
chamber music, chamber orchestra, chare, charge, charm, chivy,
chore, commencement, commission, composition, concern, condition,
conditioning, conduct, conning, constitutional, consumption,
contemplation, convocation, cram, cramming, cultivate, cultivation,
daily dozen, descant, develop, development, devil, direction,
discharge, discipline, discompose, discourse, disquisition,
distemper, distress, disturb, do, do with, dog, doing, drill,
drilling, driving, duty, effect, electronic music, employ,
employment, empty formality, enchant, engage, engage in,
engage the attention, engage the mind, engage the thoughts,
engross, engross the mind, engross the thoughts, engrossment,
enthrall, errand, etude, exasperate, execute, execution, exercises,
exercising, exert, exertion, exploit, exposition, extensive study,
fascinate, fash, fetch up, fetching-up, fish to fry, fit, fix,
follow, form, formal, formality, foster, fostering, fret, function,
functioning, gall, get, go in for, good use, grab, graduation,
graduation exercises, grind, grinding, grip, gripe, groom,
grooming, gymnastic exercises, gymnastics, handle, handling,
harangue, harass, hard usage, hard use, harmonization, harry,
headwork, heckle, hector, hold, hold spellbound, hold the interest,
homework, homily, hound, house-train, housebreak, housebreaking,
hypnotize, ill use, immerse, improve, improvement,
in-service training, inaugural, inauguration, incidental music,
initiation, inspection, instruction, instrumental music, invention,
involve, involve the interest, irk, irritate, isometrics, job,
job of work, labor, lecture, lecture-demonstration, lesson,
lick into shape, limber up, liturgy, lucubration, make use of,
make-work, manage, management, manipulate, manipulation,
manual training, matters in hand, mental labor, mesmerize, miff,
military training, mission, misuse, molest, monopolize, moral,
moral lesson, morality, moralization, movement, movements, mummery,
nag, needle, nettle, nocturne, nudzh, nurse, nurture, nurturing,
object lesson, observance, obsess, occupation, occupy,
occupy the attention, odd job, office, on-the-job training,
operancy, operate, operation, operations, opus, orchestration,
peeve, performance, performing, persecute, perturb, perusal,
pester, physical education, physical jerks, pick on, piece,
piece of work, pique, plague, play, pluck the beard, ply, pother,
practice, praxis, preachment, preoccupy, preparation, prepare,
production, program music, project, prosecute, provoke, pursue,
put forth, put in tune, put into practice, put out, put to school,
put to use, raise, raising, reading, ready, readying, rear,
rearing, recital, recitation, rehearsal, rehearse,
religious ceremony, responsibility, restudy, restudying, review,
ricercar, ride, rile, rite, rite de passage, rite of passage,
ritual, roil, rough usage, ruffle, running, score, send to school,
sermon, service, set, set task, setting-up exercises,
skull session, sloyd, solemnity, solemnization, sonata, sonatina,
specialize in, spellbind, steering, stint, stretch,
string orchestra, string quartet, study, studying, subject, swing,
swotting, tackle, take in hand, take on, take to, take up, talk,
task, teaching, tease, theme and variations, things to do, throw,
torment, train, training, trio, trouble, try, try the patience,
tweak the nose, undertake, upbringing, usage, use, using up,
utilization, utilize, variation, vex, vocational education,
vocational training, wage, warm up, warm-up, wide reading, wield,
work, work at, work out, working, working-out, workings, workout,
worry, wrong use, yoga

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