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essay    音標拼音: [ɛs'e] ['ɛs,e]
n. 隨筆,短文,評論,企圖
vt. 試圖

隨筆,短文,評論,企圖試圖

essay
n 1: an analytic or interpretive literary composition
2: a tentative attempt
v 1: make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his
fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The
police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve
himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world" [synonym:
{try}, {seek}, {attempt}, {essay}, {assay}]
2: put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use
to; "This approach has been tried with good results"; "Test
this recipe" [synonym: {test}, {prove}, {try}, {try out},
{examine}, {essay}]

Essay \Es*say"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Essayed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Essaying}.] [F. essayer. See {Essay}, n.]
1. To exert one's power or faculties upon; to make an effort
to perform; to attempt; to endeavor; to make experiment or
trial of; to try.
[1913 Webster]

What marvel if I thus essay to sing? --Byron.
[1913 Webster]

Essaying nothing she can not perform. --Emerson.
[1913 Webster]

A danger lest the young enthusiast . . . should
essay the impossible. --J. C.
Shairp.
[1913 Webster]

2. To test the value and purity of (metals); to assay. See
{Assay}. [Obs.] --Locke.
[1913 Webster]


Essay \Es"say\, n.; pl. {Essays}. [F. essai, fr. L. exagium a
weighing, weight, balance; ex out agere to drive, do; cf.
examen, exagmen, a means of weighing, a weighing, the tongue
of a balance, exigere to drive out, examine, weigh, Gr.
'exa`gion a weight, 'exagia`zein to examine, 'exa`gein to
drive out, export. See {Agent}, and cf. {Exact}, {Examine},
{Assay}.]
1. An effort made, or exertion of body or mind, for the
performance of anything; a trial; attempt; as, to make an
essay to benefit a friend. "The essay at organization."
--M. Arnold.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Lit.) A composition treating of any particular subject;
-- usually shorter and less methodical than a formal,
finished treatise; as, an essay on the life and writings
of Homer; an essay on fossils, or on commerce.
[1913 Webster]

3. An assay. See {Assay}, n. [Obs.]

Syn: Attempt; trial; endeavor; effort; tract; treatise;
dissertation; disquisition.
[1913 Webster]

176 Moby Thesaurus words for "essay":
acid test, approach, article, assay, attempt, autograph, bid,
blank determination, brainchild, bring to test, brouillon,
causerie, chance, composition, computer printout, confirm, copy,
crack, criterion, crucial test, crucible, cut and try, descant,
determination, discourse, discussion, disquisition, dissertation,
docimasy, document, draft, edited version, effort, endeavor,
engage, engrossment, etude, examination, excursus, exertion,
experiment, explication, exposition, fair copy, feature,
feeling out, fiction, final draft, finished version,
first approach, first draft, flimsy, fling, gambit, give a try,
give a tryout, go, go about, hassle, have a go, holograph, homily,
introductory study, kiteflying, labor, letter, lick, lift a finger,
literae scriptae, literary artefact, literary production,
literature, lucubration, make an attempt, make an effort,
manuscript, matter, memoir, monograph, morceau, move, nonfiction,
note, offer, opus, ordeal, original, outline, pandect, paper,
paragraph, parchment, penscript, piece, piece of writing, play,
play around with, poem, practice upon, preliminary study,
printed matter, printout, probation, production, prolegomenon,
proof, prove, put to trial, reading matter, recension, research,
research paper, road-test, rough draft, rough sketch, run a sample,
sample, screed, scrip, script, scrive, scroll, second draft, seek,
shake down, shot, sketch, sounding out, special article, stab,
standard, step, strive, striving, stroke, strong bid, struggle,
study, substantiate, survey, tackle, taste, tentative, term paper,
test, test case, the written word, theme, thesis, toil, touchstone,
tract, tractate, transcript, transcription, travail, treatise,
treatment, trial, trial and error, try, try it on, try out,
typescript, undertake, undertaking, validate, venture, venture on,
venture upon, verification, verify, version, whack, work,
writing

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