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Domain    音標拼音: [dom'en]
n. 領土,版圖;領域,范圍;專業,專長




域 領域

n 1: a particular environment or walk of life; "his social
sphere is limited"; "it was a closed area of employment";
"he's out of my orbit" [synonym: {sphere}, {domain}, {area},
{orbit}, {field}, {arena}]
2: territory over which rule or control is exercised; "his
domain extended into Europe"; "he made it the law of the
land" [synonym: {domain}, {demesne}, {land}]
3: (mathematics) the set of values of the independent variable
for which a function is defined [synonym: {domain}, {domain of a
4: people in general; especially a distinctive group of people
with some shared interest; "the Western world" [synonym: {world},
5: the content of a particular field of knowledge [synonym:
{knowledge domain}, {knowledge base}, {domain}]

Domain \Do*main"\, n. [F. domaine, OF. demaine, L. dominium,
property, right of ownership, fr. dominus master, owner. See
{Dame}, and cf {Demesne}, {Dungeon}.]
1. Dominion; empire; authority.
[1913 Webster]

2. The territory over which dominion or authority is exerted;
the possessions of a sovereign or commonwealth, or the
like. Also used figuratively. [WordNet sense 2]
[1913 Webster]

The domain of authentic history. --E. Everett.
[1913 Webster]

The domain over which the poetic spirit ranges. --J.
C. Shairp.
[1913 Webster]

3. Landed property; estate; especially, the land about the
mansion house of a lord, and in his immediate occupancy;
demesne. [WordNet sense 2] --Shenstone.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Law) Ownership of land; an estate or patrimony which one
has in his own right; absolute proprietorship; paramount
or sovereign ownership.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Math.) the set of values which the independent variable
of a function may take. Contrasted to {range}, which is
the set of values taken by the dependent variable.
[WordNet sense 3]

6. (Math.) a connected set of points, also called a {region}.

7. (Physics) a region within a ferromagnetic material,
composed of a number of atoms whose magnetic poles are
pointed in the same direction, and which may move together
in a coordinated manner when disturbed, as by heating. The
direction of polarity of adjacent domains may be
different, but may be aligned by a strong external
magnetic field.

8. (Computers) an address within the internet computer
network, which may be a single computer, a network of
computers, or one of a number of accounts on a multiuser
computer. The domain specifies the location (host
computer) to which communications on the internet are
directed. Each domain has a corresponding 32-bit number
usually represented by four numbers separated by periods,
as Each domain may also have an
alphabetical name, usually composed of a name plus an
extension separated by a period, as worldsoul.org; the
alphabetical name is referred to as a domain name.

9. (Immunology) the three-dimensional structure within an
immunoglobulin which is formed by one of the homology
regions of a heavy or light chain. --Dict. Sci. Tech.

10. the field of knowledge, expertise, or interest of a
person; as, he had a limited domain of discourse; I can't
comment on that, it's outside my domain. [WordNet sense

Syn: domain, realm, field, area. [PJC]

11. a particular environment or walk of life. [WordNet sense

Syn: sphere, domain, area, orbit, field, arena. [PJC]

12. people in general; especially a distinctive group of
people with some shared interest. [WordNet sense 4]

Syn: world, domain. [PJC]

{Public domain},

1. the territory belonging to a State or to the general
government; public lands. [U.S.]

2. the situation or status of intellectual property which is
not protected by copyright, patent or other restriction on
use. Anything

{in the public domain} may be used by anyone without
restriction. The effective term of force of copyrights and
patents are limited by statute, and after the term
expires, the writings and inventions thus protected go
into the public domain and are free for use by all.

{Right of eminent domain}, that superior dominion of the
sovereign power over all the property within the state,
including that previously granted by itself, which
authorizes it to appropriate any part thereof to a
necessary public use, reasonable compensation being made.
[1913 Webster]

132 Moby Thesaurus words for "domain":
academic discipline, academic specialty, acres, ally, ambit,
animal kingdom, applied science, archduchy, archdukedom, area,
arena, art, bailiwick, beat, body politic, border, borderland,
buffer state, captive nation, chain of being, champaign,
chattels real, chieftaincy, chieftainry, circle, circuit,
city-state, class structure, colony, commonweal, commonwealth,
concern, country, county, demesne, department,
department of knowledge, discipline, dominion, duchy, dukedom,
earldom, empery, empire, establishment, field, field of inquiry,
field of study, free city, grand duchy, grounds, hemisphere,
hierarchy, honor, judicial circuit, jurisdiction, kingdom, land,
landed property, lands, lot, lots, mandant, mandate,
mandated territory, mandatee, mandatory, manor, march, messuage,
mineral kingdom, nation, nationality, natural hierarchy,
natural science, ology, orb, orbit, pale, parcel, pecking order,
plat, plot, polis, polity, possession, power, power structure,
praedium, precinct, principality, principate, property,
protectorate, province, puppet government, puppet regime,
pure science, pyramid, quadrat, real estate, real property, realm,
realty, republic, round, satellite, science, seneschalty,
settlement, social science, sovereign nation, speciality,
specialization, specialty, sphere, state, study, subdiscipline,
sultanate, superpower, technicology, technics, technology,
tenements, terrain, territory, toft, toparchia, toparchy,
vegetable kingdom, walk

1. A group of computers whose {fully qualified
domain names} (FQDN) share a common suffix, the "domain name".

The {Domain Name System} maps {hostnames} to {Internet
address} using a hierarchical {namespace} where each level in
the hierarchy contributes one component to the FQDN. For
example, the computer foldoc.doc.ic.ac.uk is in the
doc.ic.ac.uk domain, which is in the ic.ac.uk domain, which is
in the ac.uk domain, which is in the uk {top-level domain}.

A domain name can contain up to 67 characters including the
dots that separate components. These can be letters, numbers
and hyphens.

2. An {administrative domain} is something to do with {routing}.

3. {Distributed Operating Multi Access Interactive Network}.

4. In the theory of functions, the set of
argument values for which a {function} is defined.

See {domain theory}.

5. A specific phase of the {software life cycle}
in which a developer works. Domains define developers' and
users' areas of responsibility and the scope of possible
relationships between products.

6. The subject or market in which a piece of software is
designed to work.


Distributed Operating Multi Access Interactive Network (Apollo, Internet)

DOMAIN. It signifies sometimes, dominion, territory governed - sometimes,
possession, estate - and sometimes, land about the mansion house of a lord.
By domain is also understood the right to dispose at our pleasure of what
belongs to us.
2. A distinction, has been made between property and domain. The former
is said to be that quality which is conceived to be in the thing itself,
considered as belonging to such or such person, exclusively of all others.
By the latter is understood that right which the owner has of disposing of
the thing. Hence domain and property are said to be correlative terms; the
one is the active right to dispose, the other a passive quality which
follows the thing, and places it at the disposition of the owner. 3 Toull.
n. 8 3. But this distinction is too subtle for practical use. Puff. Droit de
la Nature et des Gens, loi 4, c. 4, Sec. 2. Vide 1 B1. Com. 105, 106; 1
Bouv. Inst. n. 456; Clef des Lois Rom. h.t.; Domat, h.t.; 1 Hill. Ab. 24;
2 Hill. Ab. 237; and Demesne as Of fee; Property; Things.

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