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discipline    音標拼音: [d'ɪsəplən]
n. 紀律,風紀,訓練,訓誡;教養,修養,學科

紀律,風紀,訓練,訓誡;教養,修養,學科

discipline
規程

discipline
規則 紀律

discipline
n 1: a branch of knowledge; "in what discipline is his
doctorate?"; "teachers should be well trained in their
subject"; "anthropology is the study of human beings" [synonym:
{discipline}, {subject}, {subject area}, {subject field},
{field}, {field of study}, {study}, {bailiwick}]
2: a system of rules of conduct or method of practice; "he
quickly learned the discipline of prison routine"; "for such
a plan to work requires discipline";
3: the trait of being well behaved; "he insisted on discipline
among the troops" [ant: {indiscipline}, {undiscipline}]
4: training to improve strength or self-control
5: the act of punishing; "the offenders deserved the harsh
discipline they received" [synonym: {discipline}, {correction}]
v 1: develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice;
especially to teach self-control; "Parents must discipline
their children"; "Is this dog trained?" [synonym: {discipline},
{train}, {check}, {condition}]
2: punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience; "The
teacher disciplined the pupils rather frequently" [synonym:
{discipline}, {correct}, {sort out}]

Discipline \Dis`ci*pline\, n. [F. discipline, L. disciplina,
from discipulus. See {Disciple}.]
1. The treatment suited to a disciple or learner; education;
development of the faculties by instruction and exercise;
training, whether physical, mental, or moral.
[1913 Webster]

Wife and children are a kind of discipline of
humanity. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

Discipline aims at the removal of bad habits and the
substitution of good ones, especially those of
order, regularity, and obedience. --C. J. Smith.
[1913 Webster]

2. Training to act in accordance with established rules;
accustoming to systematic and regular action; drill.
[1913 Webster]

Their wildness lose, and, quitting nature's part,
Obey the rules and discipline of art. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. Subjection to rule; submissiveness to order and control;
habit of obedience.
[1913 Webster]

The most perfect, who have their passions in the
best discipline, are yet obliged to be constantly on
their guard. --Rogers.
[1913 Webster]

4. Severe training, corrective of faults; instruction by
means of misfortune, suffering, punishment, etc.
[1913 Webster]

A sharp discipline of half a century had sufficed to
educate us. --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

5. Correction; chastisement; punishment inflicted by way of
correction and training.
[1913 Webster]

Giving her the discipline of the strap. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

6. The subject matter of instruction; a branch of knowledge.
--Bp. Wilkins.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Eccl.) The enforcement of methods of correction against
one guilty of ecclesiastical offenses; reformatory or
penal action toward a church member.
[1913 Webster]

8. (R. C. Ch.) Self-inflicted and voluntary corporal
punishment, as penance, or otherwise; specifically, a
penitential scourge.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Eccl.) A system of essential rules and duties; as, the
Romish or Anglican discipline.

Syn: Education; instruction; training; culture; correction;
chastisement; punishment.
[1913 Webster]


Discipline \Dis"ci*pline\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Disciplined}; p.
pr. & vb. n. {Disciplining}.] [Cf. LL. disciplinarian to
flog, fr. L. disciplina discipline, and F. discipliner to
discipline.]
1. To educate; to develop by instruction and exercise; to
train.
[1913 Webster]

2. To accustom to regular and systematic action; to bring
under control so as to act systematically; to train to act
together under orders; to teach subordination to; to form
a habit of obedience in; to drill.
[1913 Webster]

Ill armed, and worse disciplined. --Clarendon.
[1913 Webster]

His mind . . . imperfectly disciplined by nature.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

3. To improve by corrective and penal methods; to chastise;
to correct.
[1913 Webster]

Has he disciplined Aufidius soundly? --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To inflict ecclesiastical censures and penalties upon.

Syn: To train; form; teach; instruct; bring up; regulate;
correct; chasten; chastise; punish.
[1913 Webster]

347 Moby Thesaurus words for "discipline":
Spartanism, academic discipline, academic specialty, accommodate,
accommodate with, accord, adapt, adapt to, adjust, adjust to,
administer, administrate, administration, agree with, anality,
aplomb, apple-pie order, applied science, apprentice,
apprenticeship, area, arena, art, assimilate to, astringency,
austerity, authoritarianism, basic training, be guided by,
be master, beat, bend, bound, boundary, bounds, break, break in,
breaking, breed, breeding, bridle, bring to account, bring to book,
bring up, call to account, captain, castigate, castigation, chair,
chasten, chastening, chastise, chastisement, check, chime in with,
civil government, classical education, coach, command, comply,
comply with, compose, composure, concern, condign punishment,
condition, conditioning, conduct, confine, confinement, conform,
constraint, contain, continence, control, copyright,
core curriculum, correct, correction, correspond, course,
course of study, criticize, cultivate, cultivation, curb,
curriculum, deal with, decorum, demandingness, demesne, department,
department of knowledge, deserts, develop, development, direct,
direction, disciplinary measures, dispensation, disposition,
domain, draw the line, drill, drilling, edify, educate, elective,
empery, empire, enlighten, exactingness, exercise, fall in with,
ferule, fetch up, fetching-up, field, field of inquiry,
field of study, fine fettle, fit, follow, form, form of government,
foster, fostering, gear to, general education, general studies,
go by, good condition, good shape, good trim, govern, governance,
government, grimness, groom, grooming, guide, harmonize, harshness,
head, hedge about, hold in check, housebreak, housebreaking,
humanities, improve, improvement, in-service training, inculcate,
inculcation, independence, indoctrinate, indoctrination,
inflict upon, infliction, inform, inhibit, instruct, instruction,
judgment, judicial punishment, keep in check, keep in line, lead,
liberal arts, lick into shape, limit, limitation, major,
make conform, manage, management, manual training, masthead, meet,
method, methodicalness, methodology, meticulousness,
military training, minor, moderate, moderation, mold, narrow,
natural science, neatness, nemesis, nurse, nurture, nurturing,
observe, officer, ology, on-the-job training, orb, orbit, order,
orderliness, overcome, oversight, pains, pains and punishments,
patent, pay, payment, penal retribution, penalize, penalty,
penology, pillory, political organization, polity, possession,
practice, preparation, prepare, prescription, preside over,
proscription, proseminar, province, punish, punishment, punition,
pure science, put in tune, put to school, quadrivium,
qualification, qualify, raise, raising, ready, readying, realm,
rear, rearing, rebuke, reconcile, rectify, reduce,
refresher course, regime, regimen, regiment, regimentation,
register, regnancy, regulate, regulation, rehearsal, rehearse,
reign, reprimand, reprove, restrain, restraint, restrict,
restriction, retribution, retributive justice, ride herd on,
rigid discipline, rod, round, routine, rub off corners, ruggedness,
rule, run, scant, school, schooling, science, scientific education,
scourge, self-command, self-conquest, self-control, self-denial,
self-discipline, self-government, self-mastery, self-possession,
self-restraint, seminar, send to school, settle, settle with,
severity, shape, sloyd, social science, sovereignty, specialize,
specialty, sphere, square accounts, stand over, sternness, stint,
straighten, straiten, strictness, stringency, study, subdiscipline,
subdue, subject, subjection, subjugate, suit, supervise,
supervision, sway, system, system of government, systematicness,
take in hand, take to task, tally with, teach, technical education,
technicology, technics, technology, tidiness, toughness, train,
training, trimness, trivium, upbringing, visit upon,
vocational education, vocational training, walk,
well-deserved punishment, what-for, wield authority, willpower,
yield

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