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demon    音標拼音: [d'imən]
n. 惡棍,惡魔,妖怪,精力過人的人

惡棍,惡魔,妖怪,精力過人的人

demon
n 1: an evil supernatural being [synonym: {devil}, {fiend}, {demon},
{daemon}, {daimon}]
2: a cruel wicked and inhuman person [synonym: {monster}, {fiend},
{devil}, {demon}, {ogre}]
3: someone extremely diligent or skillful; "he worked like a
demon to finish the job on time"; "she's a demon at math"

Demon \De"mon\, n. [F. d['e]mon, L. daemon a spirit, an evil
spirit, fr. Gr. dai`mwn a divinity; of uncertain origin.]
1. (Gr. Antiq.) A spirit, or immaterial being, holding a
middle place between men and deities in pagan mythology.
[1913 Webster]

The demon kind is of an intermediate nature between
the divine and the human. --Sydenham.
[1913 Webster]

2. One's genius; a tutelary spirit or internal voice; as, the
demon of Socrates. [Often written {d[ae]mon}.]
[1913 Webster]

3. An evil spirit; a devil.
[1913 Webster]

That same demon that hath gulled thee thus. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

123 Moby Thesaurus words for "demon":
Baba Yaga, Lilith, Mafioso, Satan, Young Turk, addict, afreet,
ape-man, atua, barghest, beast, beldam, berserk, berserker, bomber,
brute, bug, cacodemon, collector, daemon, daeva, damned spirits,
demonkind, demons, denizens of hell, devil, devil incarnate,
dragon, dybbuk, eager beaver, energumen, enthusiast, evil genius,
evil spirit, evil spirits, faddist, fanatic, fiend,
fiend from hell, fire-eater, firebrand, freak, fury, genie, genius,
ghoul, goon, gorilla, great one for, gunsel, gyre, hardnose, harpy,
hell-raiser, hellcat, hellhound, hellion, hellish host, hellkite,
hobbyist, holy terror, hood, hoodlum, host of hell, hothead,
hotspur, hound, incendiary, incubus, infatuate,
inhabitants of Pandemonium, intelligence, jinni, jinniyeh, killer,
lamia, lost souls, mad dog, madcap, monster, mugger, nut, ogre,
ogress, powers of darkness, pursuer, rakshasa, rapist,
revolutionary, rhapsodist, satan, savage, she-wolf, shedu,
souls in hell, specter, spirit, spitfire, succubus, sucker for,
supernatural being, termagant, terror, terrorist, the damned,
the lost, the undead, tiger, tigress, tough, tough guy,
ugly customer, vampire, violent, virago, visionary, vixen,
werewolf, wild beast, witch, wolf, yogini, zealot


20 Moby Thesaurus words for "Demon":
His Satanic Majesty, Lucifer, Satan, Satanas, the Adversary,
the Arch-fiend, the Common Enemy, the Demon, the Devil,
the Devil Incarnate, the Evil One, the Evil Spirit, the Fiend,
the Foul Fiend, the Old Enemy, the Old Serpent, the Tempter,
the Wicked One, the archenemy, the serpent

1. (Often used equivalently to {daemon},
especially in the {Unix} world, where the latter spelling and
pronunciation is considered mildly archaic). A program or
part of a program which is not invoked explicitly, but that
lies dormant waiting for some condition(s) to occur.

At {MIT} they use "demon" for part of a program and "daemon"
for an {operating system} process.

Demons (parts of programs) are particularly common in {AI}
programs. For example, a {knowledge}-manipulation program
might implement {inference rules} as demons. Whenever a new
piece of knowledge was added, various demons would activate
(which demons depends on the particular piece of data) and
would create additional pieces of knowledge by applying their
respective inference rules to the original piece. These new
pieces could in turn activate more demons as the inferences
filtered down through chains of logic. Meanwhile, the main
program could continue with whatever its primary task was.
This is similar to the {triggers} used in {relational
databases}.

The use of this term may derive from "Maxwell's Demons" -
minute beings which can reverse the normal flow of heat from a
hot body to a cold body by only allowing fast moving molecules
to go from the cold body to the hot one and slow molecules
from hot to cold. The solution to this apparent thermodynamic
paradox is that the demons would require an external supply of
energy to do their work and it is only in the absence of such
a supply that heat must necessarily flow from hot to cold.

Walt Bunch believes the term comes from the demons in Oliver
Selfridge's paper "Pandemonium", MIT 1958, which was named
after the capital of Hell in Milton's "Paradise Lost".
Selfridge likened neural cells firing in response to input
patterns to the chaos of millions of demons shrieking in
Pandemonium.

2. {Demon Internet} Ltd.

3. A {program generator} for {differential equation} problems.

[N.W. Bennett, Australian AEC Research Establishment,
AAEC/E142, Aug 1965].

[{Jargon File}]

(1998-09-04)



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