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day    音標拼音: [d'e]
n. 白天,白晝,日子,時代,全盛時期

白天,白晝,日子,時代,全盛時期

day


day
n 1: time for Earth to make a complete rotation on its axis;
"two days later they left"; "they put on two performances
every day"; "there are 30,000 passengers per day" [synonym:
{day}, {twenty-four hours}, {twenty-four hour period},
{24-hour interval}, {solar day}, {mean solar day}]
2: some point or period in time; "it should arrive any day now";
"after that day she never trusted him again"; "those were the
days"; "these days it is not unusual"
3: a day assigned to a particular purpose or observance;
"Mother's Day"
4: the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light
outside; "the dawn turned night into day"; "it is easier to
make the repairs in the daytime" [synonym: {day}, {daytime},
{daylight}] [ant: {dark}, {night}, {nighttime}]
5: the recurring hours when you are not sleeping (especially
those when you are working); "my day began early this
morning"; "it was a busy day on the stock exchange"; "she
called it a day and went to bed"
6: an era of existence or influence; "in the day of the
dinosaurs"; "in the days of the Roman Empire"; "in the days
of sailing ships"; "he was a successful pianist in his day"
7: the period of time taken by a particular planet (e.g. Mars)
to make a complete rotation on its axis; "how long is a day
on Jupiter?"
8: the time for one complete rotation of the earth relative to a
particular star, about 4 minutes shorter than a mean solar
day [synonym: {sidereal day}, {day}]
9: a period of opportunity; "he deserves his day in court";
"every dog has his day"
10: United States writer best known for his autobiographical
works (1874-1935) [synonym: {Day}, {Clarence Day}, {Clarence
Shepard Day Jr.}]

Sidereal \Si*de"re*al\, a. [L. sidereus, from sidus, sideris, a
constellation, a star. Cf. {Sideral}, {Consider}, {Desire}.]
1. Relating to the stars; starry; astral; as, sidereal
astronomy.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Astron.) Measuring by the apparent motion of the stars;
designated, marked out, or accompanied, by a return to the
same position in respect to the stars; as, the sidereal
revolution of a planet; a sidereal day.
[1913 Webster]

{Sidereal clock}, {day}, {month}, {year}. See under {Clock},
{Day}, etc.

{Sideral time}, time as reckoned by sideral days, or, taking
the sidereal day as the unit, the time elapsed since a
transit of the vernal equinox, reckoned in parts of a
sidereal day. This is, strictly, apparent sidereal time,
mean sidereal time being reckoned from the transit, not of
the true, but of the mean, equinoctial point.
[1913 Webster]


Day \Day\ (d[=a]), n. [OE. day, dai, dei, AS. d[ae]g; akin to
OS., D., Dan., & Sw. dag, G. tag, Icel. dagr, Goth. dags; cf.
Skr. dah (for dhagh ?) to burn. [root]69. Cf. {Dawn}.]
1. The time of light, or interval between one night and the
next; the time between sunrise and sunset, or from dawn to
darkness; hence, the light; sunshine; -- also called
{daytime}.
[1913 Webster PJC]

2. The period of the earth's revolution on its axis. --
ordinarily divided into twenty-four hours. It is measured
by the interval between two successive transits of a
celestial body over the same meridian, and takes a
specific name from that of the body. Thus, if this is the
sun, the day (the interval between two successive transits
of the sun's center over the same meridian) is called a
{solar day}; if it is a star, a {sidereal day}; if it is
the moon, a {lunar day}. See {Civil day}, {Sidereal day},
below.
[1913 Webster]

3. Those hours, or the daily recurring period, allotted by
usage or law for work.
[1913 Webster]

4. A specified time or period; time, considered with
reference to the existence or prominence of a person or
thing; age; time.
[1913 Webster]

A man who was great among the Hellenes of his day.
--Jowett
(Thucyd. )
[1913 Webster]

If my debtors do not keep their day, . . .
I must with patience all the terms attend. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Preceded by the) Some day in particular, as some day of
contest, some anniversary, etc.
[1913 Webster]

The field of Agincourt,
Fought on the day of Crispin Crispianus. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

His name struck fear, his conduct won the day.
--Roscommon.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Day is much used in self-explaining compounds; as,
daybreak, daylight, workday, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Anniversary day}. See {Anniversary}, n.

{Astronomical day}, a period equal to the mean solar day, but
beginning at noon instead of at midnight, its twenty-four
hours being numbered from 1 to 24; also, the sidereal day,
as that most used by astronomers.

{Born days}. See under {Born}.

{Canicular days}. See {Dog day}.

{Civil day}, the mean solar day, used in the ordinary
reckoning of time, and among most modern nations beginning
at mean midnight; its hours are usually numbered in two
series, each from 1 to 12. This is the period recognized
by courts as constituting a day. The Babylonians and
Hindoos began their day at sunrise, the Athenians and Jews
at sunset, the ancient Egyptians and Romans at midnight.


{Day blindness}. (Med.) See {Nyctalopia}.

{Day by day}, or {Day after day}, daily; every day;
continually; without intermission of a day. See under
{By}. "Day by day we magnify thee." --Book of Common
Prayer.

{Days in bank} (Eng. Law), certain stated days for the return
of writs and the appearance of parties; -- so called
because originally peculiar to the Court of Common Bench,
or Bench (bank) as it was formerly termed. --Burrill.

{Day in court}, a day for the appearance of parties in a
suit.

{Days of devotion} (R. C. Ch.), certain festivals on which
devotion leads the faithful to attend mass. --Shipley.

{Days of grace}. See {Grace}.

{Days of obligation} (R. C. Ch.), festival days when it is
obligatory on the faithful to attend Mass. --Shipley.

{Day owl}, (Zool.), an owl that flies by day. See {Hawk owl}.


{Day rule} (Eng. Law), an order of court (now abolished)
allowing a prisoner, under certain circumstances, to go
beyond the prison limits for a single day.

{Day school}, one which the pupils attend only in daytime, in
distinction from a boarding school.

{Day sight}. (Med.) See {Hemeralopia}.

{Day's work} (Naut.), the account or reckoning of a ship's
course for twenty-four hours, from noon to noon.

{From day to day}, as time passes; in the course of time; as,
he improves from day to day.

{Jewish day}, the time between sunset and sunset.

{Mean solar day} (Astron.), the mean or average of all the
apparent solar days of the year.

{One day}, {One of these days}, at an uncertain time, usually
of the future, rarely of the past; sooner or later. "Well,
niece, I hope to see you one day fitted with a husband."
--Shak.

{Only from day to day}, without certainty of continuance;
temporarily. --Bacon.

{Sidereal day}, the interval between two successive transits
of the first point of Aries over the same meridian. The
Sidereal day is 23 h. 56 m. 4.09 s. of mean solar time.

{To win the day}, to gain the victory, to be successful. --S.
Butler.

{Week day}, any day of the week except Sunday; a working day.


{Working day}.
(a) A day when work may be legally done, in distinction
from Sundays and legal holidays.
(b) The number of hours, determined by law or custom,
during which a workman, hired at a stated price per
day, must work to be entitled to a day's pay.
[1913 Webster]

108 Moby Thesaurus words for "day":
International Date Line, Platonic year, abundant year,
academic year, aeon, age, annum, annus magnus, antedate,
bissextile year, broad day, calendar month, calendar year, century,
common year, cycle, cycle of indiction, date, date line, datemark,
dawn, day glow, daylight, dayshine, daytide, daytime, decade,
decennary, decennium, defective year, dusk, epoch, era,
fateful moment, fiscal year, fortnight, full sun, generation,
great year, green flash, heyday, hour, indiction, instant,
interval, juncture, kairos, leap year, lifetime, light,
light of day, lunar month, lunar year, lunation, luster, lustrum,
man-hour, microsecond, midday sun, millennium, millisecond, minute,
moment, moment of truth, month, moon, noonlight, noontide light,
period, point, point of time, postdate, pregnant moment, prime,
psychological moment, quarter, quinquennium, ray of sunshine,
regular year, season, second, semester, session, shine,
sidereal year, solar year, space, span, spell, stage, stretch, sun,
sun spark, sunbeam, sunbreak, sunburst, sunlight, sunshine, term,
time, time lag, trimester, twelvemonth, twilight, week, weekday,
while, year

Day
The Jews reckoned the day from sunset to sunset (Lev. 23:32). It
was originally divided into three parts (Ps. 55:17). "The heat
of the day" (1 Sam. 11:11; Neh. 7:3) was at our nine o'clock,
and "the cool of the day" just before sunset (Gen. 3:8). Before
the Captivity the Jews divided the night into three watches, (1)
from sunset to midnight (Lam. 2:19); (2) from midnight till the
cock-crowing (Judg. 7:19); and (3) from the cock-crowing till
sunrise (Ex. 14:24). In the New Testament the division of the
Greeks and Romans into four watches was adopted (Mark 13:35).
(See {WATCHES}.)

The division of the day by hours is first mentioned in Dan.
3:6, 15; 4:19; 5:5. This mode of reckoning was borrowed from the
Chaldeans. The reckoning of twelve hours was from sunrise to
sunset, and accordingly the hours were of variable length (John
11:9).

The word "day" sometimes signifies an indefinite time (Gen.
2:4; Isa. 22:5; Heb. 3:8, etc.). In Job 3:1 it denotes a
birthday, and in Isa. 2:12, Acts 17:31, and 2 Tim. 1:18, the
great day of final judgment.

DAY. A division of time. It is natural, and then it consists of twenty-four
hours, or the space of time which elapses while the earth makes a complete
revolution on its axis; or artificial, which contains the time, from the
rising until the setting of the sun, and a short time before rising and
after setting. Vide Night; and Co. Lit. 135, a.
2. Days are sometimes calculated exclusively, as when an act required
that an appeal should be made within twenty days after a decision. 3 Penna.
200; 3 B. & A. 581; 15 Serg. & Rawle, 43. In general, if a thing is to be
done within such a time after such a fact, the day of the fact shall be
taken inclusively. Hob. 139; Doug. 463; 3 T. R. 623; Com. Dig. Temps, A; 3
East, 407.
3. The law, generally, rejects fractions of days, but in some cases it
takes notice of such parts. 2 B. & A. 586. Vide Date.
4. By the custom of some places, the word day's is understood to be
working days, and not including Sundays. 3 Espin. N. P. C. 121. Vide,
generally, 2 Chit. Bl. 141, note 3; 1 Chit. Pr. 774, 775; 3 Chit. Pr. 110;
Lill. Reg. h. t; 1 Rop. Leg. 518; 15 Vin. Ab. 554; Dig. 33, 1, 2; Dig. 50,
16, 2, 1; Id. 2, 12, 8; and articles Hour; Month; Year.



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