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crash    音標拼音: [kr'æʃ]
n. 碰撞,墜落,墜毀;撞擊聲,爆裂聲;失敗,瓦解
vt. 碰撞,墜落,墜毀
vi. 碰撞


當機; 故障的; 系統故障


損壞 故障

n 1: a loud resonant repeating noise; "he could hear the clang
of distant bells" [synonym: {clang}, {clangor}, {clangour},
{clangoring}, {clank}, {clash}, {crash}]
2: a serious accident (usually involving one or more vehicles);
"they are still investigating the crash of the TWA plane"
[synonym: {crash}, {wreck}]
3: a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks
(especially one that causes additional failures) [synonym:
{crash}, {collapse}]
4: the act of colliding with something; "his crash through the
window"; "the fullback's smash into the defensive line" [synonym:
{crash}, {smash}]
5: (computer science) an event that causes a computer system to
become inoperative; "the crash occurred during a thunderstorm
and the system has been down ever since"
v 1: fall or come down violently; "The branch crashed down on my
car"; "The plane crashed in the sea"
2: move with, or as if with, a crashing noise; "The car crashed
through the glass door"
3: undergo damage or destruction on impact; "the plane crashed
into the ocean"; "The car crashed into the lamp post" [synonym:
{crash}, {ram}]
4: move violently as through a barrier; "The terrorists crashed
the gate"
5: break violently or noisily; smash; [synonym: {crash}, {break up},
{break apart}]
6: occupy, usually uninvited; "My son's friends crashed our
house last weekend"
7: make a sudden loud sound; "the waves crashed on the shore and
kept us awake all night"
8: enter uninvited; informal; "let's crash the party!" [synonym:
{barge in}, {crash}, {gate-crash}]
9: cause to crash; "The terrorists crashed the plane into the
palace"; "Mother crashed the motorbike into the lamppost"
10: hurl or thrust violently; "He dashed the plate against the
wall"; "Waves were dashing against the rock" [synonym: {crash},
11: undergo a sudden and severe downturn; "the economy crashed";
"will the stock market crash again?"
12: stop operating; "My computer crashed last night"; "The
system goes down at least once a week" [synonym: {crash}, {go
13: sleep in a convenient place; "You can crash here, though
it's not very comfortable" [synonym: {doss}, {doss down},

Crash \Crash\ (kr[a^]sh), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Crashed}
(kr[a^]sht); p. pr. & vb. n. {Crashing}.] [OE. crashen, the
same word as crasen to break, E. craze. See {Craze}.]
To break in pieces violently; to dash together with noise and
violence. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

He shakt his head, and crasht his teeth for ire.
[1913 Webster]

Crash \Crash\, v. i.
1. To make a loud, clattering sound, as of many things
falling and breaking at once; to break in pieces with a
harsh noise.
[1913 Webster]

Roofs were blazing and walls crashing in every part
of the city. --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

2. To break with violence and noise; as, the chimney in
falling crashed through the roof.
[1913 Webster]

Crash \Crash\, n.
1. A loud, sudden, confused sound, as of many things falling
and breaking at once.
[1913 Webster]

The wreck of matter and the crash of worlds.
[1913 Webster]

2. Ruin; failure; sudden breaking down, as of a business
house or a commercial enterprise; as, the stock market
crash of 1929.
[1913 Webster]

The last week of October 1929 remains forever
imprinted in the American memory. It was, of course,
the week of the Great Crash, the stock market
collapse that signaled the collapse of the world
economy and the Great Depression of the 1930s. From
an all-time high of 381 in early September 1929, the
Dow Jones Industrial Average drifted down to a level
of 326 on October 22, then, in a series of traumatic
selling waves, to 230 in the course of the following
six trading days.
The stock market's drop was far from over; it
continued its sickening slide for nearly three more
years, reaching an ultimate low of 41 in July 1932.
But it was that last week of October 1929 that
burned itself into the American consciousness. After
a decade of unprecedented boom and prosperity, there
suddenly was panic, fear, a yawning gap in the
American fabric. The party was over. --Wall street
October 28,

Crash \Crash\, n. [L. crassus coarse. See {Crass}.]
Coarse, heavy, narrow linen cloth, used esp. for towels.
[1913 Webster]

404 Moby Thesaurus words for "crash":
Waterloo, a habit, accident, acquired tolerance, acute alcoholism,
addictedness, addiction, alcoholism,
amphetamine withdrawal symptoms, appulse, atomize, awake the dead,
bang, bang into, bankruptcy, barbiturate addiction, barbiturism,
barge in, be poised, be ruined, bear market, bearish market,
beating, become insolvent, billow, blast, blast the ear, blow,
boom, bouncing check, break, break in, break in upon,
break into pieces, break to pieces, break up, breakdown,
breaking up, breakup, brunt, bulldozing, bulling, bump, bump into,
burst, burst in, bust, butt in, calamity, cannon, carambole, carom,
carom into, cascade, casualty, catabasis, cataclysm, cataract,
catastrophe, cave, cave-in, chain smoking, charge in,
chronic alcoholism, chute, clap, clash, cocainism, collapse,
collide, collision, comb, come between, come down,
come into collision, comedown, concuss, concussion,
confront each other, conquering, conquest, contretemps, crack,
crack up, crack-up, crash in, crash into, crash the gates, craving,
crawl in, creep in, crescendo, cropper, crowd in, crump, crunch,
crush, cut in, cut to pieces, dash, dash into, deafen, deathblow,
debacle, deceleration, declension, declination, decline,
decline and fall, declining market, decrescendo, defeat, deflation,
defluxion, demolish, dependence, descend, descending, descension,
descent, destruction, diffuse, diminuendo, din, dip down,
dipsomania, disaster, disperse, disrupt, dive, doss down, down,
downbend, downcome, downcurve, downfall, downflow, downgrade,
downpour, downrush, downtrend, downturn, downward trend, drive,
drop, drop down, drop off, dropping, drubbing, drug addiction,
drug culture, drug dependence, dwindling, ebb, ebb and flow,
edge in, elbow in, encounter, encroach, entrench, explode,
explosion, fail, failure, fall, fall dead, fall down, fall flat,
fall foul of, fall in, fall off, fall short, fall stillborn,
fall through, falling, fill the air, fission, flap, flop, foist in,
fold, fold up, force, foul, fragment, go bankrupt, go broke,
go down, go downhill, go into receivership, go to pot, go to smash,
go under, go up, gravitate, gravitation, grief, grind, habituation,
hammering, heave, hiding, hit, hit against, hit the hay,
hit the sack, horn in, hurt, hurtle, ill hap, impact, impinge,
impingement, impose, impose on, impose upon, inclination,
infiltrate, infringe, insinuate, insolvency, insufficient funds,
interfere, interlope, interpose, intervene, intrude, invade,
irrupt, jar, jolt, kip down, kited check, knock, knock against,
lambasting, lapse, lathering, licking, lift, lose altitude,
make mincemeat of, mastery, mauling, meet, meeting, mince,
misadventure, mischance, misfortune, mishap, nasty blow, near-miss,
nicotine addiction, nose dive, obtrude, off market, onslaught,
overcoming, overdraft, overdrawn account, overthrow, overturn,
parachute, peak, peal, percuss, percussion, physical dependence,
pileup, pitch, plummet, plummeting, plunge, popple, pounce,
pour down, pratfall, precipitate, press in,
psychological dependence, pulverize, push in, put on, put upon,
quietus, rain, ramming, rap, rapids, rattle the windows,
receivership, remission, rend the air, rend the ears, report,
resound, retreat, retreating market, ring, rise, rise and fall,
rock the sky, roll, ruin, run, run into, rush in, sack out,
sack up, sag, sagging market, scatter, scend, send, shatter,
shipwreck, shiver, shock, shut down, sideswipe, slam, slam into,
slap, slat, sledgehammering, slink in, slip in, slowdown, slump,
smack, smack into, smash, smash in, smash into, smash up, smash-up,
smashing, smashup, sneak in, soft market, splat, splinter,
split the eardrums, split the ears, squash, squeeze in, squish,
staggering blow, startle the echoes, steal in, stoop, storm in,
strike, strike against, stumble, stun, subdual, subduing,
subjugation, subsidence, surge, swap, swell, swoop, tailspin, tap,
thrashing, throng in, thrust in, thrusting, thunder, thwack,
tolerance, topple, toss, total loss, tragedy, trench,
trend downward, trespass, trimming, trouncing, tumble, turn in,
undoing, undulate, vanquishment, wane, washout, waterfall, wave,
whack, wham, whap, whipping, whomp, whop, withdrawal sickness,
withdrawal symptoms, work in, worm in, wrack, wreck

1. A sudden, usually drastic failure. Most often said of the
{system}, especially of magnetic disk drives (the term
originally described what happened when the air gap of a hard
disk collapses). "Three {lusers} lost their files in last
night's disk crash." A disk crash that involves the
read/write heads dropping onto the surface of the disks and
scraping off the oxide may also be referred to as a "head
crash", whereas the term "system crash" usually, though not
always, implies that the operating system or other software
was at fault.

2. To fail suddenly. "Has the system just crashed?"
"Something crashed the OS!" See {down}. Also used
transitively to indicate the cause of the crash (usually a
person or a program, or both). "Those idiots playing
{SPACEWAR} crashed the system."

[{Jargon File}]


crash 1. n. A sudden, usually drastic
failure. Most often said of the system (q.v., sense
1), esp. of magnetic disk drives (the term originally described what
happens when the air gap of a hard disk collapses). “Three
lusers lost their files in last night's disk
crash.” A disk crash that involves the read/write heads dropping
onto the surface of the disks and scraping off the oxide may also be
referred to as a head crash, whereas
the term system crash usually, though
not always, implies that the operating system or other software was at

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