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cotton    音標拼音: [k'ɑtən] [k'ɔtən]
n. 棉花
v. 和諧,一致,接近,親近

棉花和諧,一致,接近,親近

cotton
n 1: soft silky fibers from cotton plants in their raw state
[synonym: {cotton}, {cotton fiber}, {cotton wool}]
2: fabric woven from cotton fibers
3: erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls
containing seeds with many long hairy fibers [synonym: {cotton},
{cotton plant}]
4: thread made of cotton fibers
v 1: take a liking to; "cotton to something"

Cotton \Cot"ton\ (k[o^]t"t'n), n. [F. coton, Sp. algodon the
cotton plant and its wool, coton printed cotton, cloth, fr.
Ar. qutun, alqutun, cotton wool. Cf. {Acton}, {Hacqueton}.]
1. A soft, downy substance, resembling fine wool, consisting
of the unicellular twisted hairs which grow on the seeds
of the cotton plant. Long-staple cotton has a fiber
sometimes almost two inches long; short-staple, from two
thirds of an inch to an inch and a half.
[1913 Webster]

2. The cotton plant. See {Cotten plant}, below.
[1913 Webster]

3. Cloth made of cotton.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Cotton is used as an adjective before many nouns in a
sense which commonly needs no explanation; as, cotton
bagging; cotton cloth; cotton goods; cotton industry;
cotton mill; cotton spinning; cotton tick.
[1913 Webster]

{Cotton cambric}. See {Cambric}, n., 2.

{Cotton flannel}, the manufactures' name for a heavy cotton
fabric, twilled, and with a long plush nap. In England it
is called {swan's-down cotton}, or {Canton flannel}.

{Cotton gin}, a machine to separate the seeds from cotton,
invented by Eli Whitney.

{Cotton grass} (Bot.), a genus of plants ({Eriphorum}) of the
Sedge family, having delicate capillary bristles
surrounding the fruit (seedlike achenia), which elongate
at maturity and resemble tufts of cotton.

{Cotton mouse} (Zool.), a field mouse ({Hesperomys
gossypinus}), injurious to cotton crops.

{Cotton plant} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Gossypium}, of
several species, all growing in warm climates, and bearing
the cotton of commerce. The common species, originally
Asiatic, is {Gossypium herbaceum}.

{Cotton press}, a building and machinery in which cotton
bales are compressed into smaller bulk for shipment; a
press for baling cotton.

{Cotton rose} (Bot.), a genus of composite herbs ({Filago}),
covered with a white substance resembling cotton.

{Cotton scale} (Zool.), a species of bark louse ({Pulvinaria
innumerabilis}), which does great damage to the cotton
plant.

{Cotton shrub}. Same as Cotton plant.

{Cotton stainer} (Zool.), a species of hemipterous insect
({Dysdercus suturellus}), which seriously damages growing
cotton by staining it; -- called also {redbug}.

{Cotton thistle} (Bot.), the Scotch thistle. See under
{Thistle}.

{Cotton velvet}, velvet in which the warp and woof are both
of cotton, and the pile is of silk; also, velvet made
wholly of cotton.

{Cotton waste}, the refuse of cotton mills.

{Cotton wool}, cotton in its raw or woolly state.

{Cotton worm} (Zool.), a lepidopterous insect ({Aletia
argillacea}), which in the larval state does great damage
to the cotton plant by eating the leaves. It also feeds on
corn, etc., and hence is often called {corn worm}, and
{Southern army worm}.
[1913 Webster]


Cotton \Cot"ton\, v. i.
1. To rise with a regular nap, as cloth does. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

It cottons well; it can not choose but bear
A pretty nap. --Family of
Love.
[1913 Webster]

2. To go on prosperously; to succeed. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

New, Hephestion, does not this matter cotton as I
would? --Lyly.
[1913 Webster]

3. To unite; to agree; to make friends; -- usually followed
by with. [Colloq.]
[1913 Webster]

A quarrel will end in one of you being turned off,
in which case it will not be easy to cotton with
another. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

Didst see, Frank, how the old goldsmith cottoned in
with his beggarly companion? --Sir W.
Scott.
[1913 Webster]

4. To take a liking to; to stick to one as cotton; -- used
with to. [Slang]
[1913 Webster]

238 Moby Thesaurus words for "cotton":
Ace bandage, Aralac, Avisco, Axminster, Band-Aid, Celanese,
Chemstrand, Dacron, Dynel, Georgette, Harris Tweed, Lastex,
Leatherette, Manila, Orlon, Qiana, Revolite, Terylene, Ultrasuede,
Velon, Vicara, acetate, acetate rayon, adhesive tape, alpaca,
angora, application, arras, astrakhan, baize, band, bandage,
bandaging, bast, batik, binder, blanketing, brace, broadcloth,
broadloom, brocade, bunting, calico, cambric, canvas, carpeting,
cashmere, cast, castor, cataplasm, cheesecloth, chiffon,
chinchilla, chintz, coating, coir, compress, cord, corduroy,
court plaster, crash, cravat, crepe, crepe de chine, cretonne,
crinoline, damask, denim, doeskin, dressing, drill, drilling,
drugget, duck, duffel, elastic bandage, epithem, felt, flannel,
flannelette, flax, fleece, floss, foulard, four-tailed bandage,
frieze, fustian, gauze, gingham, gossamer, grenadine, grogram,
grosgrain, gunny, haircloth, hemp, herringbone, hessian, homespun,
hop sacking, horsehair, huck, huckaback, jersey, jute, kapok, lame,
lawn, linen, linoleum, linsey-woolsey, lint, lisle, list,
llama hair, loden, longcloth, luster, mackinaw, mackintosh, madras,
maline, manta, mantua, marquisette, mat, matting, melton, merino,
messaline, mohair, moire, moleskin, mousseline de soie, murrey,
muslin, nainsook, nankeen, near-silk, net, netting, nylon, oakum,
oil silk, oilcloth, organdy, organza, paisley, panne, panne velvet,
pepper-and-salt, percale, pique, plaid, plaster, plaster cast,
pledget, plush, polyester, pongee, poplin, poultice, print,
quilting, radium, raffia, rayon, rayon casheen, rep, roller,
roller bandage, rubber bandage, rugging, russet, sackcloth,
sacking, sailcloth, sarcenet, sateen, satin, say, seersucker,
serge, shalloon, shantung, sharkskin, sheers, sheeting, shoddy,
shot silk, silk, sisal, sling, spandex, splint, sponge, spun rayon,
stamin, stammel, stockinette, stuff, stupe, suede, swansdown,
tabaret, tabby, taffeta, taffety, tampon, tape, tapestry,
tarpaulin, tartan, tent, terry cloth, tick, ticking, tourniquet,
triangular bandage, tricotine, tulle, tussah, tussore, tweed,
twill, veiling, velours, velure, velvet, velveteen, voile,
wash-and-wear fabric, watered fabric, webbing, wool, worsted, yarn,
zephyr

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