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constraint    音標拼音: [kənstr'ent]
n. 強制,局促

強制,局促

constraint
制約; 約束

constraint
約束

constraint
n 1: the state of being physically constrained; "dogs should be
kept under restraint" [synonym: {constraint}, {restraint}]
2: a device that retards something's motion; "the car did not
have proper restraints fitted" [synonym: {restraint},
{constraint}]
3: the act of constraining; the threat or use of force to
control the thoughts or behavior of others

Constraint \Con*straint"\, n. [OF. constrainte, F. constrainte.]
The act of constraining, or the state of being constrained;
that which compels to, or restrains from, action; compulsion;
restraint; necessity.
[1913 Webster]

Long imprisonment and hard constraint. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

Not by constraint, but by my choice, I came. --Dryden.

Syn: Compulsion; violence; necessity; urgency.

Usage: {Constraint}, {Compulsion}. Constraint implies strong
binding force; as, the constraint of necessity; the
constraint of fear. Compulsion implies the exertion of
some urgent impelling force; as, driven by compulsion.
The former prevents us from acting agreeably to our
wishes; the latter forces us to act contrary to our
will. Compulsion is always produced by some active
agent; a constraint may be laid upon us by the forms
of civil society, or by other outward circumstances.
--Crabb.
[1913 Webster]

169 Moby Thesaurus words for "constraint":
abnegation, abstinence, aloofness, aplomb, arrest, arrestation,
backwardness, bashfulness, blankness, caging, calm, calmness,
check, chilliness, circumscription, coaction, coercion, coldness,
composure, compulsion, compulsiveness, confinement, conservatism,
continence, control, cool, cooling, cooling down, cooling off,
coolness, cramp, curb, curtailment, deceleration, denial,
detachment, discipline, discreetness, discretion, dispassion,
distance, drive, driving, duress, enforcement, evenness, exigency,
expressionlessness, forbearance, forcing, frigidity, frostiness,
frugality, gentleness, goad, golden mean, guardedness,
happy medium, hindrance, iciness, impartiality, impassiveness,
impassivity, impelling, impersonality, impoundment, impulse,
impulsion, inaccessibility, independence, inevitability,
inhibition, injunction, interdict, introversion, irresistibility,
judiciousness, juste-milieu, legal restraint, lenity, lockup,
meden agan, middle way, mildness, moderateness, moderation,
moderationism, modesty, monopoly, motive, necessity, neutrality,
nonviolence, nothing in excess, obligation, obligement, pacifism,
penning, pinch, possession, press, pressure, prohibition,
protection, protectionism, protective tariff, prudence, push,
rash impulse, rationing, rein, remoteness, renouncement,
renunciation, repose, repression, reserve, reservedness, restraint,
restraint of trade, restriction, retardation, reticence, reticency,
retirement, retiring disposition, retrenchment, self-abnegation,
self-command, self-conquest, self-control, self-denial,
self-discipline, self-government, self-mastery, self-possession,
self-restraint, serenity, slowing down, soberness, sobriety,
sophrosyne, spring, spur, stability, standoffishness, steadiness,
stress, subduedness, suppression, tariff wall, temperance,
temperateness, thought control, tranquillity, unaffability,
unapproachability, uncongeniality, undemonstrativeness,
unexcessiveness, unexpansiveness, unextravagance, unextremeness,
urge, urgency, via media, violence, withdrawal, withdrawnness

A {Boolean} {relation}, often an
equality or {ineqality} relation, between the values of one or
more mathematical variables (often two). E.g. x>3 is a
constraint on x. {constraint satisfaction} attempts to assign
values to variables so that all constraints are true.

{Usenet} newsgroup: {news:comp.constraints}. {FAQ
(http://cs.unh.edu/ccc/archive/)}.

(2002-06-08)

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