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commonwealth    音標拼音: [k'ɑmənw,ɛlθ]
n. 共和國,聯邦

共和國,聯邦

commonwealth
n 1: the official name of some states in the United States
(Massachusetts and Pennsylvania and Virginia and Kentucky)
and associated territories (Puerto Rico)
2: a politically organized body of people under a single
government; "the state has elected a new president"; "African
nations"; "students who had come to the nation's capitol";
"the country's largest manufacturer"; "an industrialized
land" [synonym: {state}, {nation}, {country}, {land},
{commonwealth}, {res publica}, {body politic}]
3: a world organization of autonomous states that are united in
allegiance to a central power but are not subordinate to it
or to one another
4: a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body
of citizens who can elect people to represent them [synonym:
{democracy}, {republic}, {commonwealth}]

Commonwealth \Com"mon*wealth`\ (?; 277), n. [Common wealth
well-being.]
1. A state; a body politic consisting of a certain number of
men, united, by compact or tacit agreement, under one form
of government and system of laws.
[1913 Webster]

The trappings of a monarchy would set up an ordinary
commonwealth. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Note: This term is applied to governments which are
considered as free or popular, but rarely, or
improperly, to an absolute government. The word
signifies, strictly, the common well-being or
happiness; and hence, a form of government in which the
general welfare is regarded rather than the welfare of
any class.
[1913 Webster]

2. The whole body of people in a state; the public.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Eng. Hist.) Specifically, the form of government
established on the death of Charles I., in 1649, which
existed under Oliver Cromwell and his son Richard, ending
with the abdication of the latter in 1659.

Syn: State; realm; republic.
[1913 Webster]

165 Moby Thesaurus words for "commonwealth":
Everyman, John Doe, Public, absolute monarchy, ally, archduchy,
archdukedom, aristocracy, ashram, autarchy, autocracy, autonomy,
body, body politic, buffer state, captive nation, caste,
chieftaincy, chieftainry, citizenry, city-state, clan, class,
coalition government, colonialism, colony, common man, commonweal,
commune, community, community at large, constituency,
constitutional government, constitutional monarchy, country,
county, cultural community, democracy, dictatorship, domain,
dominion, dominion rule, duarchy, duchy, dukedom, duumvirate,
dwellers, dyarchy, earldom, economic class, empery, empire,
endogamous group, estate, everybody, everyman, everyone,
everywoman, extended family, family, federal government,
federation, feudal system, folk, folks, free city, garrison state,
general public, gens, gentry, gerontocracy, grand duchy, habitancy,
heteronomy, hierarchy, hierocracy, home rule, inhabitants, kingdom,
kinship group, land, limited monarchy, linguistic community,
mandant, mandate, mandated territory, mandatee, mandatory,
martial law, men, meritocracy, militarism, military government,
mob rule, mobocracy, moiety, monarchy, nation, nationality,
neocolonialism, nuclear family, ochlocracy, oligarchy, order,
pantisocracy, patriarchate, patriarchy, people, people at large,
people in general, persons, phratria, phratry, phyle, police state,
polis, polity, populace, population, possession, power,
principality, principate, protectorate, province, public,
puppet government, puppet regime, pure democracy, realm, regency,
representative democracy, representative government, republic,
satellite, self-determination, self-government, seneschalty,
settlement, social class, social democracy, society,
sovereign nation, speech community, state, stratocracy, subcaste,
sultanate, superpower, technocracy, territory, thearchy, theocracy,
toparchia, toparchy, totalitarian government, totalitarian regime,
totem, triarchy, triumvirate, tyranny, welfare state, whole people,
world, you and me

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