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commence    音標拼音: [kəm'ɛns]
vt.
vi. 開始,倡導

開始,倡導

commence
v 1: take the first step or steps in carrying out an action; "We
began working at dawn"; "Who will start?"; "Get working as
soon as the sun rises!"; "The first tourists began to
arrive in Cambodia"; "He began early in the day"; "Let's
get down to work now" [synonym: {get down}, {begin}, {get},
{start out}, {start}, {set about}, {set out}, {commence}]
[ant: {end}, {terminate}]
2: set in motion, cause to start; "The U.S. started a war in the
Middle East"; "The Iraqis began hostilities"; "begin a new
chapter in your life" [synonym: {begin}, {lead off}, {start},
{commence}] [ant: {end}, {terminate}]
3: get off the ground; "Who started this company?"; "We embarked
on an exciting enterprise"; "I start my day with a good
breakfast"; "We began the new semester"; "The afternoon
session begins at 4 PM"; "The blood shed started when the
partisans launched a surprise attack" [synonym: {start}, {start
up}, {embark on}, {commence}]

Commence \Com*mence"\, v. t.
To enter upon; to begin; to perform the first act of.
[1913 Webster]

Many a wooer doth commence his suit. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Note: It is the practice of good writers to use the verbal
noun (instead of the infinitive with to) after
commence; as, he commenced studying, not he commenced
to study.
[1913 Webster]


Commence \Com*mence"\ (k[o^]m*m[e^]ns"), v. i. [imp. & p. p.
{Commenced} (k[o^]m*m[e^]nst"); p. pr. & vb. n.
{Commencing}.] [F. commencer, OF. comencier, fr. L. com-
initiare to begin. See {Initiate}.]
1. To have a beginning or origin; to originate; to start; to
begin.
[1913 Webster]

Here the anthem doth commence. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

His heaven commences ere the world be past.
--Goldsmith.
[1913 Webster]

2. To begin to be, or to act as. [Archaic]
[1913 Webster]

We commence judges ourselves. --Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

3. To take a degree at a university. [Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

I question whether the formality of commencing was
used in that age. --Fuller.
[1913 Webster]



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