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cognizance    音標拼音: [k'ɑgnəzəns]
n. 認識,認定,審理

認識,認定,審理

cognizance
n 1: having knowledge of; "he had no awareness of his mistakes";
"his sudden consciousness of the problem he faced"; "their
intelligence and general knowingness was impressive" [synonym:
{awareness}, {consciousness}, {cognizance}, {cognisance},
{knowingness}] [ant: {incognizance}]
2: range of what one can know or understand; "beyond my ken"
[synonym: {cognizance}, {ken}]
3: range or scope of what is perceived

Cognizance \Cog"ni*zance\ (? or ?; 277), n. [OF. conissance,
conoissance, F. connaissance, LL. cognoscentia, fr. L.
cognoscere to know. See {Cognition}, and cf. {Cognoscence},
{Connoisseur}.]
1. Apprehension by the understanding; perception;
observation.
[1913 Webster]

Within the cognizance and lying under the control of
their divine Governor. --Bp. Hurd
[1913 Webster]

2. Recollection; recognition.
[1913 Webster]

Who, soon as on that knight his eye did glance,
Eftsoones of him had perfect cognizance. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Law)
(a) Jurisdiction, or the power given by law to hear and
decide controversies.
(b) The hearing a matter judicially.
(c) An acknowledgment of a fine of lands and tenements or
confession of a thing done. [Eng.]
(d) A form of defense in the action of replevin, by which
the defendant insists that the goods were lawfully
taken, as a distress, by defendant, acting as servant
for another. [Eng.] --Cowell. Mozley & W.
[1913 Webster]

4. The distinguishing mark worn by an armed knight, usually
upon the helmet, and by his retainers and followers:
Hence, in general, a badge worn by a retainer or
dependent, to indicate the person or party to which he
belonged; a token by which a thing may be known.
[1913 Webster]

Wearing the liveries and cognizance of their master.
--Prescott.
[1913 Webster]

This pale and angry rose,
As cognizance of my blood-drinking hate. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

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