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chalk    音標拼音: [tʃ'ɑk] [tʃ'ɔk]
n. 粉筆,白堊
vt. 用粉筆寫,記錄

粉筆,白堊用粉筆寫,記錄

chalk
n 1: a soft whitish calcite
2: a pure flat white with little reflectance
3: an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the
form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to
the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant [synonym:
{methamphetamine}, {methamphetamine hydrochloride},
{Methedrine}, {meth}, {deoxyephedrine}, {chalk}, {chicken
feed}, {crank}, {glass}, {ice}, {shabu}, {trash}]
4: a piece of calcite or a similar substance, usually in the
shape of a crayon, that is used to write or draw on
blackboards or other flat surfaces
v 1: write, draw, or trace with chalk

Chalk \Chalk\ (ch[add]k), n. [AS. cealc lime, from L. calx
limestone. See {Calz}, and {Cawk}.]
1. (Min.) A soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or
yellowish white color, consisting of calcium carbonate,
and having the same composition as common limestone.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Fine Arts) Finely prepared chalk, used as a drawing
implement; also, by extension, a compound, as of clay and
black lead, or the like, used in the same manner. See
{Crayon}.
[1913 Webster]

{Black chalk}, a mineral of a bluish color, of a slaty
texture, and soiling the fingers when handled; a variety
of argillaceous slate.

{By a long chalk}, by a long way; by many degrees. [Slang]
--Lowell.

{Chalk drawing} (Fine Arts), a drawing made with crayons. See
{Crayon}.

{Chalk formation}. See {Cretaceous formation}, under
{Cretaceous}.

{Chalk line}, a cord rubbed with chalk, used for making
straight lines on boards or other material, as a guide in
cutting or in arranging work.

{Chalk mixture}, a preparation of chalk, cinnamon, and sugar
in gum water, much used in diarrheal affection, esp. of
infants.

{Chalk period}. (Geol.) See {Cretaceous period}, under
{Cretaceous}.

{Chalk pit}, a pit in which chalk is dug.

{Drawing chalk}. See {Crayon}, n., 1.

{French chalk}, steatite or soapstone, a soft magnesian
mineral.

{Red chalk}, an indurated clayey ocher containing iron, and
used by painters and artificers; reddle.
[1913 Webster]


Chalk \Chalk\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Chalked}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Chalking}.]
1. To rub or mark with chalk.
[1913 Webster]

2. To manure with chalk, as land. --Morimer.
[1913 Webster]

3. To make white, as with chalk; to make pale; to bleach.
--Tennyson.
[1913 Webster]

Let a bleak paleness chalk the door. --Herbert.
[1913 Webster]

{To chalk out}, to sketch with, or as with, chalk; to
outline; to indicate; to plan. [Colloq.] "I shall pursue
the plan I have chalked out." --Burke.
[1913 Webster]

217 Moby Thesaurus words for "chalk":
air brush, alabaster, art paper, ballpoint pen, besnow, blackboard,
blanch, blaze, blaze a trail, bleach, blemish, blotch, book, brand,
brush, calcimine, calendar, camera lucida, camera obscura, canvas,
cartoon, carve, catalog, chalk up, charcoal, check, check in,
check off, chronicle, cicatrize, color, copy, crayon, crosshatch,
cut, dapple, dash, dash off, daub, define, delimit, delineate,
demarcate, depict, design, diagram, discolor, docket, doodle, dot,
draft, draw, drawing paper, drawing pencil, drier, driven snow,
easel, engrave, enroll, enscroll, enter, eraser, etiolate, file,
fill out, fixative, fleck, fleece, flour, foam, freckle, frost,
gash, grave, grizzle, ground, hatch, impanel, impress, imprint,
incise, index, ink, inkhorn, inkstand, inkwell, inscribe, insert,
invisible ink, ivory, jot down, lay figure, lead pencil, lily,
limn, line, list, log, maggot, make a mark, make a memorandum,
make a note, make an entry, make out, mark, mark down, mark off,
mark out, matriculate, maulstick, medium, milk, minute, mottle,
nib, nick, notch, note, note down, paint, paint a picture,
paintbrush, palette, palette knife, paper, pastel, pearl, pen,
pencil, pepper, picture, picturize, pigments, pipe-clay,
place upon record, plume, point, poll, portray, post, post up,
prick, print, punch, punctuate, puncture, put down, put in writing,
put on paper, put on tape, quill, record, reduce to writing, reed,
register, riddle, scar, scarify, score, scotch, scratch,
scratchboard, scumble, seal, seam, set down, shade, sheet,
siccative, silver, sketch, sketchbook, sketchpad, slate, snow,
spatula, speck, speckle, splotch, spot, spray gun, stain, stamp,
stencil, stigmatize, streak, striate, stripe, stump, style,
stylograph, stylus, swan, sympathetic ink, table, tablet, tabulate,
take down, tape, tape-record, tattoo, tick, tick off, tint, trace,
underline, underscore, varnish, videotape, white, whiten,
whitewash, write, write down, write in, write out, write up



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