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came    音標拼音: [k'em]
vbl. 來,來臨,成為

來,來臨,成為

Come \Come\, v. i. [imp. {Came}; p. p. {Come}; p. pr & vb. n.
{Coming}.] [OE. cumen, comen, AS. cuman; akin to OS.kuman, D.
komen, OHG. queman, G. kommen, Icel. koma, Sw. komma, Dan.
komme, Goth. giman, L. venire (gvenire), Gr. ? to go, Skr.
gam. [root]23. Cf. {Base}, n., {Convene}, {Adventure}.]
1. To move hitherward; to draw near; to approach the speaker,
or some place or person indicated; -- opposed to go.
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Look, who comes yonder? --Shak.
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I did not come to curse thee. --Tennyson.
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2. To complete a movement toward a place; to arrive.
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When we came to Rome. --Acts xxviii.
16.
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Lately come from Italy. --Acts xviii.
2.
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3. To approach or arrive, as if by a journey or from a
distance. "Thy kingdom come." --Matt. vi. 10.
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The hour is coming, and now is. --John. v. 25.
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So quick bright things come to confusion. --Shak.
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4. To approach or arrive, as the result of a cause, or of the
act of another.
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From whence come wars? --James iv. 1.
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Both riches and honor come of thee ! --1 Chron.
xxix. 12.
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5. To arrive in sight; to be manifest; to appear.
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Then butter does refuse to come. --Hudibras.
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6. To get to be, as the result of change or progress; -- with
a predicate; as, to come untied.
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How come you thus estranged? --Shak.
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How come her eyes so bright? --Shak.
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Note: Am come, is come, etc., are frequently used instead of
have come, has come, etc., esp. in poetry. The verb to
be gives a clearer adjectival significance to the
participle as expressing a state or condition of the
subject, while the auxiliary have expresses simply the
completion of the action signified by the verb.
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Think not that I am come to destroy. --Matt. v.
17.
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We are come off like Romans. --Shak.
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The melancholy days are come, the saddest of the
year. --Bryant.
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Note: Come may properly be used (instead of go) in speaking
of a movement hence, or away, when there is reference
to an approach to the person addressed; as, I shall
come home next week; he will come to your house to-day.
It is used with other verbs almost as an auxiliary,
indicative of approach to the action or state expressed
by the verb; as, how came you to do it? Come is used
colloquially, with reference to a definite future time
approaching, without an auxiliary; as, it will be two
years, come next Christmas; i. e., when Christmas shall
come.
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They were cried
In meeting, come next Sunday. --Lowell.
Come, in the imperative, is used to excite attention,
or to invite to motion or joint action; come, let us
go. "This is the heir; come, let us kill him." --Matt.
xxi. 38. When repeated, it sometimes expresses haste,
or impatience, and sometimes rebuke. "Come, come, no
time for lamentation now." --Milton.
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{To come}, yet to arrive, future. "In times to come."
--Dryden. "There's pippins and cheese to come." --Shak.

{To come about}.
(a) To come to pass; to arrive; to happen; to result; as,
how did these things come about?
(b) To change; to come round; as, the ship comes about.
"The wind is come about." --Shak.
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On better thoughts, and my urged reasons,
They are come about, and won to the true side.
--B. Jonson.

{To come abroad}.
(a) To move or be away from one's home or country. "Am
come abroad to see the world." --Shak.
(b) To become public or known. [Obs.] "Neither was
anything kept secret, but that it should come abroad."
--Mark. iv. 22.

{To come across}, to meet; to find, esp. by chance or
suddenly. "We come across more than one incidental mention
of those wars." --E. A. Freeman. "Wagner's was certainly
one of the strongest and most independent natures I ever
came across." --H. R. Haweis.

{To come after}.
(a) To follow.
(b) To come to take or to obtain; as, to come after a
book.

{To come again}, to return. "His spirit came again and he
revived." --Judges. xv. 19. -

{To come and go}.
(a) To appear and disappear; to change; to alternate. "The
color of the king doth come and go." --Shak.
(b) (Mech.) To play backward and forward.

{To come at}.
(a) To reach; to arrive within reach of; to gain; as, to
come at a true knowledge of ourselves.
(b) To come toward; to attack; as, he came at me with
fury.

{To come away}, to part or depart.

{To come between}, to intervene; to separate; hence, to cause
estrangement.

{To come by}.
(a) To obtain, gain, acquire. "Examine how you came by all
your state." --Dryden.
(b) To pass near or by way of.

{To come down}.
(a) To descend.
(b) To be humbled.

{To come down upon}, to call to account, to reprimand.
[Colloq.] --Dickens.

{To come home}.
(a) To return to one's house or family.
(b) To come close; to press closely; to touch the
feelings, interest, or reason.
(c) (Naut.) To be loosened from the ground; -- said of an
anchor.

{To come in}.
(a) To enter, as a town, house, etc. "The thief cometh
in." --Hos. vii. 1.
(b) To arrive; as, when my ship comes in.
(c) To assume official station or duties; as, when Lincoln
came in.
(d) To comply; to yield; to surrender. "We need not fear
his coming in" --Massinger.
(e) To be brought into use. "Silken garments did not come
in till late." --Arbuthnot.
(f) To be added or inserted; to be or become a part of.
(g) To accrue as gain from any business or investment.
(h) To mature and yield a harvest; as, the crops come in
well.
(i) To have sexual intercourse; -- with to or unto. --Gen.
xxxviii. 16.
(j) To have young; to bring forth; as, the cow will come
in next May. [U. S.]

{To come in for}, to claim or receive. "The rest came in for
subsidies." --Swift.

{To come into}, to join with; to take part in; to agree to;
to comply with; as, to come into a party or scheme.

{To come it over}, to hoodwink; to get the advantage of.
[Colloq.]

{To come near} or {To come nigh}, to approach in place or
quality; to be equal to. "Nothing ancient or modern seems
to come near it." --Sir W. Temple.

{To come of}.
(a) To descend or spring from. "Of Priam's royal race my
mother came." --Dryden.
(b) To result or follow from. "This comes of judging by
the eye." --L'Estrange.

{To come off}.
(a) To depart or pass off from.
(b) To get free; to get away; to escape.
(c) To be carried through; to pass off; as, it came off
well.
(d) To acquit one's self; to issue from (a contest, etc.);
as, he came off with honor; hence, substantively, a
come-off, an escape; an excuse; an evasion. [Colloq.]
(e) To pay over; to give. [Obs.]
(f) To take place; to happen; as, when does the race come
off?
(g) To be or become after some delay; as, the weather came
off very fine.
(h) To slip off or be taken off, as a garment; to
separate.
(i) To hurry away; to get through. --Chaucer.

{To come off by}, to suffer. [Obs.] "To come off by the
worst." --Calamy.

{To come off from}, to leave. "To come off from these grave
disquisitions." --Felton.

{To come on}.
(a) To advance; to make progress; to thrive.
(b) To move forward; to approach; to supervene.

{To come out}.
(a) To pass out or depart, as from a country, room,
company, etc. "They shall come out with great
substance." --Gen. xv. 14.
(b) To become public; to appear; to be published. "It is
indeed come out at last." --Bp. Stillingfleet.
(c) To end; to result; to turn out; as, how will this
affair come out? he has come out well at last.
(d) To be introduced into society; as, she came out two
seasons ago.
(e) To appear; to show itself; as, the sun came out.
(f) To take sides; to announce a position publicly; as, he
came out against the tariff.
(g) To publicly admit oneself to be homosexual.

{To come out with}, to give publicity to; to disclose.

{To come over}.
(a) To pass from one side or place to another.
"Perpetually teasing their friends to come over to
them." --Addison.
(b) To rise and pass over, in distillation.

{To come over to}, to join.

{To come round}.
(a) To recur in regular course.
(b) To recover. [Colloq.]
(c) To change, as the wind.
(d) To relent. --J. H. Newman.
(e) To circumvent; to wheedle. [Colloq.]

{To come short}, to be deficient; to fail of attaining. "All
have sinned and come short of the glory of God." --Rom.
iii. 23.

{To come to}.
(a) To consent or yield. --Swift.
(b) (Naut.) (with the accent on to) To luff; to bring the
ship's head nearer the wind; to anchor.
(c) (with the accent on to) To recover, as from a swoon.
(d) To arrive at; to reach.
(e) To amount to; as, the taxes come to a large sum.
(f) To fall to; to be received by, as an inheritance.
--Shak.

{To come to blows}. See under {Blow}.

{To come to grief}. See under {Grief}.

{To come to a head}.
(a) To suppurate, as a boil.
(b) To mature; to culminate; as a plot.

{To come to one's self}, to recover one's senses.

{To come to pass}, to happen; to fall out.

{To come to the scratch}.
(a) (Prize Fighting) To step up to the scratch or mark
made in the ring to be toed by the combatants in
beginning a contest; hence:
(b) To meet an antagonist or a difficulty bravely.
[Colloq.]

{To come to time}.
(a) (Prize Fighting) To come forward in order to resume
the contest when the interval allowed for rest is over
and "time" is called; hence:
(b) To keep an appointment; to meet expectations.
[Colloq.]

{To come together}.
(a) To meet for business, worship, etc.; to assemble.
--Acts i. 6.
(b) To live together as man and wife. --Matt. i. 18.

{To come true}, to happen as predicted or expected.

{To come under}, to belong to, as an individual to a class.


{To come up}
(a) to ascend; to rise.
(b) To be brought up; to arise, as a question.
(c) To spring; to shoot or rise above the earth, as a
plant.
(d) To come into use, as a fashion.

{To come up the capstan} (Naut.), to turn it the contrary
way, so as to slacken the rope about it.

{To come up the tackle fall} (Naut.), to slacken the tackle
gently. --Totten.

{To come up to}, to rise to; to equal.

{To come up with}, to overtake or reach by pursuit.

{To come upon}.
(a) To befall.
(b) To attack or invade.
(c) To have a claim upon; to become dependent upon for
support; as, to come upon the town.
(d) To light or chance upon; to find; as, to come upon hid
treasure.
[1913 Webster]


Came \Came\ (k[=a]m),
imp. of {Come}.
[1913 Webster]


came \came\ (k[=a]m), n. [Cf. Scot. came, caim, comb, and OE.
camet silver.]
A slender rod of cast lead, with or without grooves, used, in
casements and stained-glass windows, to hold together the
panes or pieces of glass.
[1913 Webster]



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