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bond    音標拼音: [b'ɑnd]
n. 結合,債券,契約,粘合劑,保證人,鍵,關棧保留
vt. 存入關棧,粘著
vi. 結合


合 接

n 1: an electrical force linking atoms [synonym: {chemical bond},
2: a certificate of debt (usually interest-bearing or
discounted) that is issued by a government or corporation in
order to raise money; the issuer is required to pay a fixed
sum annually until maturity and then a fixed sum to repay the
principal [synonym: {bond}, {bond certificate}]
3: a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest;
"the shifting alliances within a large family"; "their
friendship constitutes a powerful bond between them" [synonym:
{alliance}, {bond}]
4: (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman
if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial; "the
judge set bail at $10,000"; "a $10,000 bond was furnished by
an alderman" [synonym: {bail}, {bail bond}, {bond}]
5: a restraint that confines or restricts freedom (especially
something used to tie down or restrain a prisoner) [synonym:
{shackle}, {bond}, {hamper}, {trammel}]
6: a connection that fastens things together [synonym: {attachment},
7: a superior quality of strong durable white writing paper;
originally made for printing documents [synonym: {bond}, {bond
8: United States civil rights leader who was elected to the
legislature in Georgia but was barred from taking his seat
because he opposed the Vietnam War (born 1940) [synonym: {Bond},
{Julian Bond}]
9: British secret operative 007 in novels by Ian Fleming [synonym:
{Bond}, {James Bond}]
10: the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or
the joining of surfaces of different composition; "the
mutual adhesiveness of cells"; "a heated hydraulic press was
required for adhesion" [synonym: {adhesiveness}, {adhesion},
{adherence}, {bond}]
v 1: stick to firmly; "Will this wallpaper adhere to the wall?"
[synonym: {adhere}, {hold fast}, {bond}, {bind}, {stick},
{stick to}]
2: create social or emotional ties; "The grandparents want to
bond with the child" [synonym: {bind}, {tie}, {attach}, {bond}]
3: issue bonds on
4: bring together in a common cause or emotion; "The death of
their child had drawn them together" [synonym: {bond}, {bring
together}, {draw together}]

Bond \Bond\ (b[o^]nd), n. [The same word as band. Cf. {Band},
1. That which binds, ties, fastens, or confines, or by which
anything is fastened or bound, as a cord, chain, etc.; a
band; a ligament; a shackle or a manacle.
[1913 Webster]

Gnawing with my teeth my bonds in sunder,
I gained my freedom. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. pl. The state of being bound; imprisonment; captivity,
restraint. "This man doeth nothing worthy of death or of
bonds." --Acts xxvi.
[1913 Webster]

3. A binding force or influence; a cause of union; a uniting
tie; as, the bonds of fellowship.
[1913 Webster]

A people with whom I have no tie but the common bond
of mankind. --Burke.
[1913 Webster]

4. Moral or political duty or obligation.
[1913 Webster]

I love your majesty
According to my bond, nor more nor less. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Law) A writing under seal, by which a person binds
himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, to pay
a certain sum on or before a future day appointed. This is
a {single bond}. But usually a condition is added, that,
if the obligor shall do a certain act, appear at a certain
place, conform to certain rules, faithfully perform
certain duties, or pay a certain sum of money, on or
before a time specified, the obligation shall be void;
otherwise it shall remain in full force. If the condition
is not performed, the bond becomes forfeited, and the
obligor and his heirs are liable to the payment of the
whole sum. --Bouvier. --Wharton.
[1913 Webster]

6. A financial instrument (of the nature of the ordinary
legal bond) made by a government or a corporation for
purpose of borrowing money; a written promise to pay a
specific sum of money on or before a specified day, given
in return for a sum of money; as, a government, city, or
railway bond.
[1913 Webster]

7. The state of goods placed in a bonded warehouse till the
duties are paid; as, merchandise in bond.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Arch.) The union or tie of the several stones or bricks
forming a wall. The bricks may be arranged for this
purpose in several different ways, as in {English bond} or
{block bond} (Fig. 1), where one course consists of bricks
with their ends toward the face of the wall, called
headers, and the next course of bricks with their lengths
parallel to the face of the wall, called stretchers;
Flemish bond (Fig.2), where each course consists of
headers and stretchers alternately, so laid as always to
break joints; Cross bond, which differs from the English
by the change of the second stretcher line so that its
joints come in the middle of the first, and the same
position of stretchers comes back every fifth line;
Combined cross and English bond, where the inner part of
the wall is laid in the one method, the outer in the
[1913 Webster]

9. (Chem.) A unit of chemical attraction between atoms; as,
oxygen has two bonds of affinity. Also called {chemical
bond}. It is often represented in graphic formul[ae] by a
short line or dash. See Diagram of {Benzene nucleus}, and
{Valence}. Several types of bond are distinguished by
chemists, as {double bond}, {triple bond}, {covalent
bond}, {hydrogen bond}.
[1913 Webster PJC]

10. (Elec.) A heavy copper wire or rod connecting adjacent
rails of an electric railway track when used as a part of
the electric circuit.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

11. League; association; confederacy. [South Africa]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

The Africander Bond, a league or association
appealing to African, but practically to Boer,
patriotism. --James Bryce.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Arbitration bond}. See under {Arbitration}.

{Bond creditor} (Law), a creditor whose debt is secured by a
bond. --Blackstone.

{covalent bond}, an attractive force between two atoms of a
molecule generated by the merging of an electron orbital
of each atom into a combined orbital in the molecule. Such
bonds vary in strength, but in molecules of substances
typically encountered in human experience (as, water or
alcohol) they are sufficiently strong to persist and
maintain the identity and integrity of the molecule over
appreciable periods of time. Each such bond satisfies one
unit of {valence} for each of the atoms thus bonded.
Contrasted with {hydrogen bond}, which is weaker and does
not satisfy the valence of either atom involved.

{double bond}, {triple bond}, a {covalent bond} which
involves the merging of orbitals of two (or three)
electrons on each of the two connected atoms, thus
satisfying two (or three) units of valence on each of the
bonded atoms. When two carbon atoms are thus bonded, the
bond (and the compound) are said to be unsaturated.

{Bond debt} (Law), a debt contracted under the obligation of
a bond. --Burrows.

{hydrogen bond}, a non-covalent bond between hydrogen and
another atom, usually oxygen or nitrogen. It does not
involve the sharing of electrons between the bonded atoms,
and therefore does not satisfy the valence of either atom.
Hydrogen bonds are weak (ca. 5 kcal/mol) and may be
frequently broken and reformed in solution at room

{Bond of a slate} or {lap of a slate}, the distance between
the top of one slate and the bottom or drip of the second
slate above, i. e., the space which is covered with three
thicknesses; also, the distance between the nail of the
under slate and the lower edge of the upper slate.

{Bond timber}, timber worked into a wall to tie or strengthen
it longitudinally.
[1913 Webster PJC]

Syn: Chains; fetters; captivity; imprisonment.
[1913 Webster]

Bond \Bond\ (b[o^]nd), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bonded}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Bonding}.]
1. To place under the conditions of a bond; to mortgage; to
secure the payment of the duties on (goods or merchandise)
by giving a bond.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Arch.) To dispose in building, as the materials of a
wall, so as to secure solidity.
[1913 Webster]

Bond \Bond\, n. [OE. bond, bonde, peasant, serf, AS. bonda,
bunda, husband, bouseholder, from Icel. b[=o]ndi husbandman,
for b[=u]andi, fr. b[=u]a to dwell. See {Boor}, {Husband}.]
A vassal or serf; a slave. [Obs. or Archaic]
[1913 Webster]

Bond \Bond\, a.
In a state of servitude or slavery; captive.
[1913 Webster]

By one Spirit are we all baptized . . . whether we be
Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free. --1 Cor.
xii. 13.
[1913 Webster]

458 Moby Thesaurus words for "bond":
Fannie Mae, Federal Agency bond, Ginnie Mae, Oregon boat,
Series E bond, Series H bond, accident insurance, accord, accouple,
accumulate, actuary, addition, adherence, adhesion, adhesive,
adjunct, adjustment bond, affairs, affiliation, affinity,
affixation, agglomeration, agglutinate, agglutination, aggregation,
agreement, allegiance, alliance, amass, annexation, annuity,
annuity bond, appreciation bond, approximation, arrangement,
articulate, articulation, assemblage, assemble, assented bond,
associate, association, assumed bond, assurance, assure,
attachment, attest, aviation insurance, baby bond, back, bail,
bail bond, band, bargain, be sponsor for, bearer bond,
bearer certificate, bilbo, bind, binding, binding agreement,
bona fides, bond anticipation note, bonds, bonne foi, bottomry,
bracket, bracketing, bridge, bridge over, bridle,
business life insurance, callable bond, camisole, cartel,
casualty insurance, cement, certificate of insurance, certify,
chain, chains, checks, clap together, clasping, cling, clinging,
closeness, clustering, cohere, coherence, cohesion, collar,
collateral trust bond, collect, collective agreement, combination,
combine, communication, compact, comprise, concatenate,
concatenation, concourse, concurrence, confirm, confluence,
congeries, conglobulate, conglomeration, conjoin, conjugate,
conjugation, conjunction, connect, connectedness, connection,
connective, consolidated annuities, consolidated stock, consols,
consortium, constancy, constraints, contiguity, contract,
contract by deed, contract of record, contract quasi, contrariety,
controls, convention, convergence, convertible bond,
convertible debenture, copulate, copulation, cords, corporate bond,
corporation stock, countersecure, couple, coupling, coupon bond,
coupon rate, court bond, covenant, covenant of indemnity,
covenant of salt, cover, credit insurance, credit life insurance,
cuffs, current income bond, current yield, deal, dealings,
debenture, debenture bond, deductible, deduction, deed,
deed of trust, deed poll, deep-discount bond, defense bond,
deferred bond, definitive bond, deposit, devotedness, devotion,
dicker, discount bond, disjunction, earnest, earnest money,
embrace, employment contract, encompass, endorse,
endowment insurance, engagement, ensure, equipment bond,
equipment note, equipment trust, equipment trust bond,
equipment trust certificate, escrow, extended bond, faith,
faithfulness, family maintenance policy, fastener, fastening,
fealty, fetter, fetters, fidelity, fidelity bond,
fidelity insurance, filiation, firmness, first mortgage bond,
firsts, flood insurance, formal agreement, formal contract,
fraternal insurance, gag, gage, gather, gathering,
general mortgage bond, general obligation bond, girding, glue,
go bail, good faith, government bond, government insurance,
group policy, guarantee, guaranteed bond, guaranty, gyves, halter,
hamper, handcuffs, handsel, health insurance, high-grade bond,
hobbles, hock, hold together, homage, homology, hooking, hookup,
hopples, hostage, hypothecate, impignorate, implied contract,
include, income bond, indemnity, indent, indenture,
industrial life insurance, insurance, insurance agent,
insurance broker, insurance company, insurance man,
insurance policy, insure, interchangeable bond, intercommunication,
intercourse, interim bond, interinsurance, interlinking,
interrelationship, intimacy, ironclad agreement, irons, join,
joinder, joining, joint bond, jointure, junction, knot, knotting,
lashing, lay together, leading strings, league, leash,
legal agreement, legal contract, liability insurance, liaison,
license bond, ligament, ligation, ligature,
limited payment insurance, link, linkage, linking, loyalty,
lump together, mainprise, major medical insurance,
malpractice insurance, manacle, marine insurance, marriage, marry,
marshal, mass, meeting, merge, merger, merging, mobilize, mortgage,
mortgage bond, mortgage deed, municipal bond, mutual agreement,
mutual attraction, mutual company, muzzle, nearness,
negotiable bond, nexus, nominal rate, nonnegotiable bond,
ocean marine insurance, optional bond, pact, paction, pair,
pairing, par bond, parol contract, participating bond, pawn,
permit bond, perpetual bond, piece together, pignus, pillory,
pledge, policy, post, premium bond, promise, promissory note,
propinquity, protocol, proximity, purchase money bond, put in hock,
put in pawn, put together, put up, rapport, recognizance,
refunding bond, registered bond, registered certificate, reins,
relatedness, relation, relations, relationship, replevin, replevy,
restraint, restraints, revenue bond, robbery insurance,
roll into one, ropes, savings bond, second mortgage bond, seconds,
secure, secured bond, security, shackle, shackles, sign, sign for,
similarity, small bond, social security, solder, span,
special contract, specialty, specialty contract, splice, sponsor,
spout, stake, stand behind, stand up for, state bond, staunchness,
steadfastness, stick, stick together, sticking, stipulation,
stock company, stocks, stocks and bonds, straightjacket,
strait-waistcoat, straitjacket, stranglehold, subscribe to, surety,
symbiosis, sympathy, take in, tape, tax anticipation note,
tax-free bond, term insurance, tether, theft insurance, tie,
tie-in, tie-up, tieing, ties, title deed, token payment, trammel,
trammels, transaction, treasury bond, treaty, troth, true blue,
trueness, trust indenture, trustee mortgage bond, undersign,
understanding, undertaking, underwrite, underwriter, unification,
unify, union, union contract, unite, unsecured bond, vadimonium,
vadium, valid contract, vinculum, voting bond, wage contract,
war bond, warrant, warranty, weld, yield to maturity, yoke, yoking,

an obligation of any kind (Num. 30:2, 4, 12). The word means
also oppression or affliction (Ps. 116:16; Phil. 1:7). Christian
love is the "bond of perfectness" (Col. 3:14), and the
influences of the Spirit are the "bond of peace" (Eph. 4:3).

BOND, contract. An obligation or bond is a deed whereby the obligor, obliges
himself, his heirs, executors and administrators, to pay a certain sum of
money to another at a day appointed. But see 2 Shepl. 185. If this be all,
the bond is called a single one, simplex obligatio; but there is generally a
condition added, that if the obligor pays a smaller sum, or does, or omits
to do some particular act, the obligation shall be void. 2 Bl. Com. 840. The
word bond ex vi termini imports a sealed instrument. 2 S. & R. 502; 1 Bald.
R. 129; 2 Porter, R. 19; 1 Blackf. R. 241; Harp. R. 434; 6 Verm. R. 40. See
Condition; Interest of money; Penalty. It is proposed to consider: 1. The
form of a bond, namely, the words by which it may be made, and the
ceremonies required. 2. The condition. 3. The performance or discharge.
2.- I. 1. There must be parties to a bond, an obligor and obligee : for
where a bond was made with condition that the obligor should pay twenty
pounds to such person or persons; as E. H. should, by her last will and
testament in writing, name and appoint the same to be paid, and E. H. did
not appoint any person to, whom the same should be paid, it was held that
the money was not payable to the executors of E. H. Hob. 9. No particular
form of words are essential to create an obligation, but any words which
declare the intention of the parties, and denote that one is bound to the
other, will be sufficient, provided the ceremonies mentioned below have been
observed. Shep. Touch. 367-8; Bac. Abr. Obligations, B; Com. Dig.
Obligations, B 1.
3. - 2. It must be in writing, on paper or parchment, and if it be made
on other materials it is void. Bac. Abr. Obligations, A.
4. - 3. It must be sealed, though it is not necessary that it should be
mentioned in the writing that it is sealed. As to what is a sufficient
sealing, see the above case, and the word Seal.
5. - 4. It must be delivered by the party whose bond it is, to the
other. Bac. Abr. Obligations, C. But the delivery and acceptance may be by
attorney. The date is not considered of the substance of a deed, and
therefore a bond which either has no date or an impossible one is still
good, provided the real day of its being dated or given, that is, delivered,
can be proved. 2 Bl. Com. 304; Com. Dig. Fait, B 3; 3 Call, 309. See Date.
6. - II. The condition is either for the payment of money, or for the
performance of something else. In the latter case, if the condition be
against some rule of law merely, positively impossible at the time of making
it, uncertain or insensible, the condition alone is void, and the bond shall
stand single and unconditional; for it is the folly of the obligor to enter
into such an obligation, from which he can never be released. If it be to do
a thing malum in se, the obligation itself is void, the whole contract being
unlawful. 2 Bl. Com. 340; Bac. Abr. Conditions, K, L; Com. Dig. Conditions,
D 1, D 2, D 3, D 7, D 8.
7. - III. 1. When, by the condition of an obligation, the act to be
done to the obligee is of its own nature transitory, as payment of money,
delivery of charters, or the like, and no time is limited, it ought to be
performed in convenient time. 6 Co. 31 Co. Lit. 208; Roll. Abr. 436.
8. - 2. A payment before the day is good; Co. Lit. 212, a; or before
action brought. 10 Mass. 419; 11 Mass. 217.
9. - 3. If the condition be to do a thing within a certain time, it may
be performed the last day of the time appointed. Bac. Abr. Conditions, P 3.
10. - 4. If the condition be to do an act, without limiting any time, he
who has the benefit may do it at what time he pleases. Com. Dig. Conditions,
G 3.
11. - 5. When the place where the act to be performed is agreed upon,
the party who is to perform it, is not obliged to seek the opposite party
elsewhere; nor is he to whom it is to be performed bound to accept of the
performance in another place. Roll. 445, 446 Com. Dig. Conditions, G 9 Bac.
Abr. Conditions, P 4. See Performance.
12. - 6. For what amounts to a breach of a condition in a bond see Bac.
Abr. Conditions, 0; Com. Dig. Conditions, M; and this Dict. tit. Breach.

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