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bolster    音標拼音: [b'olstɚ]
n. 支持,長枕
vt. 支持,支撐

支援,長枕支援,支撐

bolster
n 1: a pillow that is often put across a bed underneath the
regular pillows [synonym: {bolster}, {long pillow}]
v 1: support and strengthen; "bolster morale" [synonym: {bolster},
{bolster up}]
2: prop up with a pillow or bolster
3: add padding to; "pad the seat of the chair" [synonym: {pad},
{bolster}]

Bolster \Bol"ster\ (b[=o]l"st[~e]r; 110), n. [AS. bolster; akin
to Icel. b[=o]lstr, Sw. & Dan. bolster, OHG. bolstar,
polstar, G. polster; from the same root as E. bole stem, bowl
hollow vessel. Cf. {Bulge}, {Poltroon}.]
1. A long pillow or cushion, used to support the head of a
person lying on a bed; -- generally laid under the
pillows.
[1913 Webster]

And here I'll fling the pillow, there the bolster,
This way the coverlet, another way the sheets.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. A pad, quilt, or anything used to hinder pressure, support
any part of the body, or make a bandage sit easy upon a
wounded part; a compress.
[1913 Webster]

This arm shall be a bolster for thy head. --Gay.
[1913 Webster]

3. Anything arranged to act as a support, as in various forms
of mechanism, etc.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Saddlery) A cushioned or a piece part of a saddle.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Naut.)
(a) A cushioned or a piece of soft wood covered with
tarred canvas, placed on the trestletrees and against
the mast, for the collars of the shrouds to rest on,
to prevent chafing.
(b) Anything used to prevent chafing.
[1913 Webster]

6. A plate of iron or a mass of wood under the end of a
bridge girder, to keep the girder from resting directly on
the abutment.
[1913 Webster]

7. A transverse bar above the axle of a wagon, on which the
bed or body rests.
[1913 Webster]

8. The crossbeam forming the bearing piece of the body of a
railway car; the central and principal cross beam of a car
truck.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Mech.) the perforated plate in a punching machine on
which anything rests when being punched.
[1913 Webster]

10. (Cutlery)
(a) That part of a knife blade which abuts upon the end
of the handle.
(b) The metallic end of a pocketknife handle. --G.
Francis.
[1913 Webster]

11. (Arch.) The rolls forming the ends or sides of the Ionic
capital. --G. Francis.
[1913 Webster]

12. (Mil.) A block of wood on the carriage of a siege gun,
upon which the breech of the gun rests when arranged for
transportation.

Note: [See Illust. of {Gun carriage}.]
[1913 Webster]

{Bolster work} (Arch.), members which are bellied or curved
outward like cushions, as in friezes of certain classical
styles.
[1913 Webster]


Bolster \Bol"ster\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bolstered}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Bolstering}.]
1. To support with a bolster or pillow. --S. Sharp.
[1913 Webster]

2. To support, hold up, or maintain with difficulty or
unusual effort; -- often with up.
[1913 Webster]

To bolster baseness. --Drayton.
[1913 Webster]

Shoddy inventions designed to bolster up a
factitious pride. --Compton
Reade.
[1913 Webster]

92 Moby Thesaurus words for "bolster":
advance, affirm, afford support, aid, air mattress, assist, assure,
attest, authenticate, back, back up, bear, bear out, bear up,
bedding, bolster up, brace, brace up, buck up, buoy up, buttress,
carry, certify, cheer, circumstantiate, confirm, corroborate,
cradle, crutch, cushion, document, embolden, encourage, finance,
fortify, fund, further, give support, hearten, help, hold, hold up,
innerspring mattress, inspire, inspirit, keep, keep afloat,
keep up, lend support, litter, mainstay, maintain, mat, mattress,
nerve, pad, pallet, pillow, probate, prop, prop up, prove, ratify,
reassure, reinforce, rug, shore, shore up, shoulder, sleeping bag,
springs, stay, strengthen, subsidize, substantiate, subvention,
subventionize, support, sustain, underbed, underbedding,
underbrace, undergird, underlie, underpin, underset, upbear,
uphold, upkeep, validate, verify, warrant

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