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blood    音標拼音: [bl'ʌd]
n. 血,血統,流血,氣質,生命
vt. 放血,用血染


n 1: the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the
body by the heart and contains plasma, blood cells, and
platelets; "blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the
tissues and carries away waste products"; "the ancients
believed that blood was the seat of the emotions"
2: temperament or disposition; "a person of hot blood"
3: a dissolute man in fashionable society [synonym: {rake},
{rakehell}, {profligate}, {rip}, {blood}, {roue}]
4: the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has
been warriors" [synonym: {lineage}, {line}, {line of descent},
{descent}, {bloodline}, {blood line}, {blood}, {pedigree},
{ancestry}, {origin}, {parentage}, {stemma}, {stock}]
5: people viewed as members of a group; "we need more young
blood in this organization"
v 1: smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where
the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill

Blood \Blood\ (bl[u^]d), n. [OE. blod, blood, AS. bl[=o]d; akin
to D. bloed, OHG. bluot, G. blut, Goth. bl[=o][thorn], Icel.
bl[=o][eth], Sw. & Dan. blod; prob. fr. the same root as E.
blow to bloom. See {Blow} to bloom.]
1. The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular
system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of
the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted.
See under {Arterial}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The blood consists of a liquid, the plasma, containing
minute particles, the blood corpuscles. In the
invertebrate animals it is usually nearly colorless,
and contains only one kind of corpuscles; but in all
vertebrates, except Amphioxus, it contains some
colorless corpuscles, with many more which are red and
give the blood its uniformly red color. See
{Corpuscle}, {Plasma}.
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2. Relationship by descent from a common ancestor;
consanguinity; kinship.
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To share the blood of Saxon royalty. --Sir W.
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A friend of our own blood. --Waller.
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{Half blood} (Law), relationship through only one parent.

{Whole blood}, relationship through both father and mother.
In American Law, blood includes both half blood, and whole
blood. --Bouvier. --Peters.
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3. Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest
royal lineage.
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Give us a prince of blood, a son of Priam. --Shak.
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I am a gentleman of blood and breeding. --Shak.
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4. (Stock Breeding) Descent from parents of recognized breed;
excellence or purity of breed.
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Note: In stock breeding half blood is descent showing one
half only of pure breed. Blue blood, full blood, or
warm blood, is the same as blood.
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5. The fleshy nature of man.
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Nor gives it satisfaction to our blood. --Shak.
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6. The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder;
manslaughter; destruction.
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So wills the fierce, avenging sprite,
Till blood for blood atones. --Hood.
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7. A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition. [R.]
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He was a thing of blood, whose every motion
Was timed with dying cries. --Shak.
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8. Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; -- as
if the blood were the seat of emotions.
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When you perceive his blood inclined to mirth.
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Note: Often, in this sense, accompanied with bad, cold, warm,
or other qualifying word. Thus, to commit an act in
cold blood, is to do it deliberately, and without
sudden passion; to do it in bad blood, is to do it in
anger. Warm blood denotes a temper inflamed or
irritated. To warm or heat the blood is to excite the
passions. Qualified by up, excited feeling or passion
is signified; as, my blood was up.
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9. A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man;
a rake.
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Seest thou not . . . how giddily 'a turns about all
the hot bloods between fourteen and five and thirty?
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It was the morning costume of a dandy or blood.
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10. The juice of anything, especially if red.
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He washed . . . his clothes in the blood of grapes.
--Gen. xiix.
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Note: Blood is often used as an adjective, and as the first
part of self-explaining compound words; as,
blood-bespotted, blood-bought, blood-curdling,
blood-dyed, blood-red, blood-spilling, blood-stained,
blood-warm, blood-won.
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{Blood baptism} (Eccl. Hist.), the martyrdom of those who had
not been baptized. They were considered as baptized in
blood, and this was regarded as a full substitute for
literal baptism.

{Blood blister}, a blister or bleb containing blood or bloody
serum, usually caused by an injury.

{Blood brother}, brother by blood or birth.

{Blood clam} (Zool.), a bivalve mollusk of the genus Arca and
allied genera, esp. {Argina pexata} of the American coast.
So named from the color of its flesh.

{Blood corpuscle}. See {Corpuscle}.

{Blood crystal} (Physiol.), one of the crystals formed by the
separation in a crystalline form of the h[ae]moglobin of
the red blood corpuscles; h[ae]matocrystallin. All blood
does not yield blood crystals.

{Blood heat}, heat equal to the temperature of human blood,
or about 981/2 [deg] Fahr.

{Blood horse}, a horse whose blood or lineage is derived from
the purest and most highly prized origin or stock.

{Blood money}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Blood orange}, an orange with dark red pulp.

{Blood poisoning} (Med.), a morbid state of the blood caused
by the introduction of poisonous or infective matters from
without, or the absorption or retention of such as are
produced in the body itself; tox[ae]mia.

{Blood pudding}, a pudding made of blood and other materials.

{Blood relation}, one connected by blood or descent.

{Blood spavin}. See under {Spavin}.

{Blood vessel}. See in the Vocabulary.

{Blue blood}, the blood of noble or aristocratic families,
which, according to a Spanish prover, has in it a tinge of
blue; -- hence, a member of an old and aristocratic

{Flesh and blood}.
(a) A blood relation, esp. a child.
(b) Human nature.

{In blood} (Hunting), in a state of perfect health and vigor.

{To let blood}. See under {Let}.

{Prince of the blood}, the son of a sovereign, or the issue
of a royal family. The sons, brothers, and uncles of the
sovereign are styled princes of the blood royal; and the
daughters, sisters, and aunts are princesses of the blood
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Blood \Blood\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Blooded}; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To bleed. [Obs.] --Cowper.
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2. To stain, smear or wet, with blood. [Archaic]
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Reach out their spears afar,
And blood their points. --Dryden.
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3. To give (hounds or soldiers) a first taste or sight of
blood, as in hunting or war.
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It was most important too that his troops should be
blooded. --Macaulay.
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4. To heat the blood of; to exasperate. [Obs.]
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The auxiliary forces of the French and English were
much blooded one against another. --Bacon.
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396 Moby Thesaurus words for "blood":
Beau Brummel, Christmas disease, Hand-Schuller-Christian disease,
Letterer-Siwe syndrome, Rh factor, Rh-negative, Rh-positive,
Rh-type, Rhesus factor, acute leukemia, affiliation, agnate,
agnation, alliance, ancestry, anemia, angiohemophilia, anima,
animal kingdom, animating force, antibody, antigen,
aplastic anemia, apparentation, aristocracy, aristocraticalness,
arterial blood, atman, bane, bathmism, beating heart, beau,
beverage, biological clock, biorhythm, birth, blade, blood bank,
blood cell, blood count, blood donor, blood donor center,
blood group, blood grouping, blood picture, blood platelet,
blood pressure, blood relation, blood relationship, blood relative,
blood serum, blood substitute, bloodletting, bloodline,
bloodmobile, bloodshed, bloodstream, blue blood, boulevardier,
bracket, braining, branch, brand, breath, breath of life, breed,
brood, brotherhood, brothership, buck, cast, caste, category,
character, chronic leukemia, circulation, clan, clansman, claret,
class, clinical dextran, clotheshorse, cognate, cognation,
collateral, collateral relative, color, common ancestry,
common descent, connection, connections, consanguinean,
consanguinity, cousinhood, cousinship, coxcomb, cyclic neutropenia,
dandy, dealing death, deme, denomination, derivation, descent,
description, designation, destruction, destruction of life,
dextran, direct line, dispatch, distaff side, distant relation,
distinction, divine breath, divine spark, division, drink, dude,
elan vital, enate, enation, erythrocyte, erythrocytosis,
essence of life, estate, euthanasia, execution, exquisite,
extermination, extraction, family, fashion plate, fatherhood,
feather, female line, filiation, fine gentleman, flesh,
flesh and blood, flow of blood, fluid, fluid extract,
fluid mechanics, folk, folks, fop, force of life, form, foul play,
fraternity, fribble, gallant, genre, gens, genteelness, genus,
german, globulin, gore, grade, grain, group, grouping,
growth force, grume, head, heading, heart, heartbeat, heartblood,
hematics, hematologist, hematology, hematoscope, hematoscopy,
hemocyte, hemoglobin, hemoglobinopathy, hemometer, hemophilia,
hemophilia A, hemophilia B, homicide, honorable descent, house,
humor, hydraulics, hydrogeology, hypochromic anemia, ichor, ilk,
immolation, impulse of life, infectious granuloma,
inspiriting force, iron deficiency anemia, isoantibody,
jack-a-dandy, jackanapes, jiva, jivatma, juice, kidney, kill,
killing, kin, kind, kindred, kinfolk, kinnery, kinsfolk, kinship,
kinsman, kinsmen, kinswoman, kith and kin, label, lady-killer,
lapidation, latex, leukemia, leukemic reticuloendotheliosis,
leukocyte, level, life breath, life cycle, life essence,
life force, life principle, life process, lifeblood, line,
line of descent, lineage, liquid, liquid extract, liquor,
living force, lot, lounge lizard, macaroni, macrocytic anemia,
make, male line, man-about-town, manner, manslaughter, mark,
martyrdom, martyrization, masher, maternity, matriclan,
matrilineage, matriliny, matrisib, matrocliny, mercy killing, milk,
mold, motherhood, multiple myeloma, myelogenous leukemia, nation,
nature, near relation, neutropenia, neutrophil, next of kin,
nobility, noble birth, nobleness, number, opsonin, order, origin,
paternity, patriclan, patrilineage, patriliny, patrisib,
patrocliny, pedigree, people, pernicious anemia, persuasion,
phagocyte, phratry, phyle, phylum, pigeonhole, plant kingdom,
plasma, plasma cell leukemia, plasma substitute, plasmacytoma,
pneuma, poisoning, polycythemia, position, posterity, prana,
predicament, propinquity, pseudoleukemia, puppy, purpura,
purpura hemorrhagica, quality, race, rank, rating, red corpuscle,
relation, relations, relationship, relatives, ritual killing,
ritual murder, royalty, rubric, sacrifice, sap, seat of life,
section, seed, semiliquid, sept, serum, set, shape, shooting, sib,
sibling, sibship, sickle-cell anemia, side, sisterhood, sistership,
slaughter, slaying, sort, soul, spark, spark of life, spear kin,
spear side, species, spindle kin, spindle side, spirit, sport,
stamp, station, status, stem, stirps, stock, stoning, strain,
stratum, stripe, style, subdivision, subgroup, suborder,
succession, swell, sword side, taking of life, thalassemia,
the like of, the likes of, ties of blood, title, totem, tribe,
tribesman, type, type O, uterine kin, variety, vascular hemophilia,
venous blood, vis vitae, vis vitalis, vital energy, vital flame,
vital fluid, vital force, vital principle, vital spark,
vital spirit, water, whey, white corpuscle

(1.) As food, prohibited in Gen. 9:4, where the use of animal
food is first allowed. Comp. Deut. 12:23; Lev. 3:17; 7:26;
17:10-14. The injunction to abstain from blood is renewed in the
decree of the council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:29). It has been
held by some, and we think correctly, that this law of
prohibition was only ceremonial and temporary; while others
regard it as still binding on all. Blood was eaten by the
Israelites after the battle of Gilboa (1 Sam. 14:32-34).

(2.) The blood of sacrifices was caught by the priest in a
basin, and then sprinkled seven times on the altar; that of the
passover on the doorposts and lintels of the houses (Ex. 12;
Lev. 4:5-7; 16:14-19). At the giving of the law (Ex. 24:8) the
blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled on the people as well as
on the altar, and thus the people were consecrated to God, or
entered into covenant with him, hence the blood of the covenant
(Matt. 26:28; Heb. 9:19, 20; 10:29; 13:20).

(3.) Human blood. The murderer was to be punished (Gen. 9:5).
The blood of the murdered "crieth for vengeance" (Gen. 4:10).
The "avenger of blood" was the nearest relative of the murdered,
and he was required to avenge his death (Num. 35:24, 27). No
satisfaction could be made for the guilt of murder (Num. 35:31).

(4.) Blood used metaphorically to denote race (Acts 17:26),
and as a symbol of slaughter (Isa. 34:3). To "wash the feet in
blood" means to gain a great victory (Ps. 58:10). Wine, from its
red colour, is called "the blood of the grape" (Gen. 49:11).
Blood and water issued from our Saviour's side when it was
pierced by the Roman soldier (John 19:34). This has led
pathologists to the conclusion that the proper cause of Christ's
death was rupture of the heart. (Comp. Ps. 69:20.)




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