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bitter    音標拼音: [b'ɪtɚ]
a. 激烈的,苦澀的,辛酸的,厲害的,悲痛的
n. 辛酸,苦味,苦酒

激烈的,苦澀的,辛酸的,厲害的,悲痛的辛酸,苦味,苦酒

bitter
adv 1: extremely and sharply; "it was bitterly cold"; "bitter
cold" [synonym: {piercingly}, {bitterly}, {bitingly},
{bitter}]
adj 1: marked by strong resentment or cynicism; "an acrimonious
dispute"; "bitter about the divorce" [synonym: {acrimonious},
{bitter}]
2: very difficult to accept or bear; "the bitter truth"; "a
bitter sorrow"
3: harsh or corrosive in tone; "an acerbic tone piercing
otherwise flowery prose"; "a barrage of acid comments"; "her
acrid remarks make her many enemies"; "bitter words";
"blistering criticism"; "caustic jokes about political
assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"; "a
sulfurous denunciation"; "a vitriolic critique" [synonym:
{acerb}, {acerbic}, {acid}, {acrid}, {bitter}, {blistering},
{caustic}, {sulfurous}, {sulphurous}, {virulent},
{vitriolic}]
4: expressive of severe grief or regret; "shed bitter tears"
5: proceeding from or exhibiting great hostility or animosity;
"a bitter struggle"; "bitter enemies"
6: causing a sharp and acrid taste experience;"quinine is
bitter"
7: causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used
especially of cold; "bitter cold"; "a biting wind" [synonym:
{biting}, {bitter}]
n 1: English term for a dry sharp-tasting ale with strong flavor
of hops (usually on draft)
2: the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the
mouth [synonym: {bitter}, {bitterness}]
3: the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste [synonym:
{bitterness}, {bitter}]
v 1: make bitter

Bitter \Bit"ter\, n. [See {Bitts}.] (Naut.)
AA turn of the cable which is round the bitts.
[1913 Webster]

{Bitter end}, that part of a cable which is abaft the bitts,
and so within board, when the ship rides at anchor.
[1913 Webster]


Bitter \Bit"ter\, a. [AS. biter; akin to Goth. baitrs, Icel.
bitr, Dan., Sw., D., & G. bitter, OS. bittar, fr. root of E.
bite. See {Bite}, v. t.]
1. Having a peculiar, acrid, biting taste, like that of
wormwood or an infusion of hops; as, a bitter medicine;
bitter as aloes.
[1913 Webster]

2. Causing pain or smart; piercing; painful; sharp; severe;
as, a bitter cold day.
[1913 Webster]

3. Causing, or fitted to cause, pain or distress to the mind;
calamitous; poignant.
[1913 Webster]

It is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast
forsaken the Lord thy God. --Jer. ii. 19.
[1913 Webster]

4. Characterized by sharpness, severity, or cruelty; harsh;
stern; virulent; as, bitter reproach.
[1913 Webster]

Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against
them. --Col. iii.
19.
[1913 Webster]

5. Mournful; sad; distressing; painful; pitiable.
[1913 Webster]

The Egyptians . . . made their lives bitter with
hard bondage. --Ex. i. 14.
[1913 Webster]

{Bitter apple}, {Bitter cucumber}, {Bitter gourd}. (Bot.) See
{Colocynth}.

{Bitter cress} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Cardamine}, esp.
{Cardamine amara}.

{Bitter earth} (Min.), tale earth; calcined magnesia.

{Bitter principles} (Chem.), a class of substances, extracted
from vegetable products, having strong bitter taste but
with no sharply defined chemical characteristics.

{Bitter salt}, Epsom salts; magnesium sulphate.

{Bitter vetch} (Bot.), a name given to two European
leguminous herbs, {Vicia Orobus} and {Ervum Ervilia}.

{To the bitter end}, to the last extremity, however
calamitous.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Acrid; sharp; harsh; pungent; stinging; cutting; severe;
acrimonious.
[1913 Webster]


Bitter \Bit"ter\, n.
Any substance that is bitter. See {Bitters}.
[1913 Webster]


Bitter \Bit"ter\, v. t.
To make bitter. --Wolcott.
[1913 Webster]

229 Moby Thesaurus words for "bitter":
Siberian, acerb, acerbate, acerbic, acid, acidic, acidulent,
acidulous, acrid, acrimonious, affecting, afflictive, aftertaste,
algid, alienated, amaroidal, annoying, antagonistic, antipathetic,
arctic, asperous, astringent, austere, bad, belligerent,
below zero, bilious, biting, bitter as gall, bitterly cold, bleak,
boreal, brisk, brumal, brutal, burning, caustic, cheerless,
choleric, clashing, coarse, cold, cold as charity, cold as death,
cold as ice, cold as marble, colliding, comfortless, conflicting,
corroding, corrosive, crisp, cruel, cutting, deplorable,
depressing, depressive, despiteful, disagreeable, discomforting,
dislikable, dismal, dismaying, dispiriting, displeasing,
distasteful, distressful, distressing, disturbing, divided,
dolorific, dolorogenic, dolorous, double-edged, dreary, dyspeptic,
edged, embittered, escharotic, estranged, fierce, flavor, freezing,
freezing cold, frigid, full of hate, galling, gelid, glacial,
grievous, gust, hard, harsh, hateful, hibernal, hiemal, hostile,
hyperborean, ice-cold, ice-encrusted, icelike, icy, incisive,
inclement, intemperate, irreconcilable, irritating, jaundiced,
joyless, keen, lamentable, malevolent, malicious, malignant,
miserable, mordacious, mordant, mournful, moving, nasty, nipping,
nippy, nose-tickling, numbing, obnoxious, offensive, painful,
palate, pathetic, penetrating, piercing, pinching, piquant,
piteous, pitiable, poignant, provoking, pungent, quarrelsome,
rancorous, rankled, raw, regrettable, relish, reproachful,
repugnant, resentful, resenting, rigorous, rough, rueful, rugged,
sad, saddening, salt, sapidity, sapor, savor, savoriness, scathing,
scorching, set against, severe, sharp, sleety, slushy, smack,
snappy, sore, sorrowful, sour, sour-tempered, soured, spiteful,
splenetic, stabbing, stewing, stinging, stomach, stone-cold,
strident, stringent, subzero, supercooled, sweet, tang, tart,
taste, thankless, tongue, tooth, touching, trenchant, ugly,
unalluring, unappealing, unappetizing, unattractive, uncomfortable,
undelectable, undelicious, undesirable, unengaging, unenjoyable,
uninviting, unkind, unlikable, unpalatable, unpleasant, unpleasing,
unsavory, untasteful, unwelcome, vehement, venomous, vexatious,
vicious, vinegarish, violent, virulent, vitriolic, winterbound,
winterlike, wintery, wintry, withering, woebegone, woeful,
wretched

Bitter
Bitterness is symbolical of affliction, misery, and servitude
(Ex. 1:14; Ruth 1:20; Jer. 9:15). The Chaldeans are called the
"bitter and hasty nation" (Hab. 1:6). The "gall of bitterness"
expresses a state of great wickedness (Acts 8:23). A "root of
bitterness" is a wicked person or a dangerous sin (Heb. 12:15).

The Passover was to be eaten with "bitter herbs" (Ex. 12:8;
Num. 9:11). The kind of herbs so designated is not known.
Probably they were any bitter herbs obtainable at the place and
time when the Passover was celebrated. They represented the
severity of the servitude under which the people groaned; and
have been regarded also as typical of the sufferings of Christ.

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