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Bar    音標拼音: [b'ɑr]
n. 桿,棒,橫木;沙洲;酒吧;法庭,律師職位
v. 阻礙,阻攔;不準,禁止

杆,棒,橫木;沙洲;酒吧;法庭,律師職位阻礙,阻攔;不准,禁止

bar
條; 帶; 條狀

bar
帶 條 棒

bar
n 1: a room or establishment where alcoholic drinks are served
over a counter; "he drowned his sorrows in whiskey at the
bar" [synonym: {barroom}, {bar}, {saloon}, {ginmill},
{taproom}]
2: a counter where you can obtain food or drink; "he bought a
hot dog and a coke at the bar"
3: a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening
or obstruction or weapon; "there were bars in the windows to
prevent escape"
4: musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats;
"the orchestra omitted the last twelve bars of the song"
[synonym: {measure}, {bar}]
5: an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal;
"it was an excellent kick but the ball hit the bar"
6: the act of preventing; "there was no bar against leaving";
"money was allocated to study the cause and prevention of
influenza" [synonym: {prevention}, {bar}]
7: (meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per
square centimeter; "unfortunately some writers have used bar
for one dyne per square centimeter"
8: a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a
shore; "the boat ran aground on a submerged bar in the river"
9: the body of individuals qualified to practice law in a
particular jurisdiction; "he was admitted to the bar in New
Jersey" [synonym: {legal profession}, {bar}, {legal community}]
10: a narrow marking of a different color or texture from the
background; "a green toad with small black stripes or bars";
"may the Stars and Stripes forever wave" [synonym: {stripe},
{streak}, {bar}]
11: a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); "a bar of
chocolate" [synonym: {cake}, {bar}]
12: a portable .30 caliber automatic rifle operated by gas
pressure and fed by cartridges from a magazine; used by
United States troops in World War I and in World War II and
in the Korean War [synonym: {Browning automatic rifle}, {BAR}]
13: a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as
they perform exercises
14: a heating element in an electric fire; "an electric fire
with three bars"
15: (law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom
where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried;
"spectators were not allowed past the bar"
v 1: prevent from entering; keep out; "He was barred from
membership in the club" [synonym: {bar}, {debar}, {exclude}]
2: render unsuitable for passage; "block the way"; "barricade
the streets"; "stop the busy road" [synonym: {barricade},
{block}, {blockade}, {stop}, {block off}, {block up}, {bar}]
3: expel, as if by official decree; "he was banished from his
own country" [synonym: {banish}, {relegate}, {bar}]
4: secure with, or as if with, bars; "He barred the door" [ant:
{unbar}]

Bar \Bar\ (b[aum]r), n. [OE. barre, F. barre, fr. LL. barra, W.
bar the branch of a tree, bar, baren branch, Gael. & Ir.
barra bar. [root]91.]
1. A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in
proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever
and for various other purposes, but especially for a
hindrance, obstruction, or fastening; as, the bars of a
fence or gate; the bar of a door.
[1913 Webster]

Thou shalt make bars of shittim wood. --Ex. xxvi.
26.
[1913 Webster]

2. An indefinite quantity of some substance, so shaped as to
be long in proportion to its breadth and thickness; as, a
bar of gold or of lead; a bar of soap.
[1913 Webster]

3. Anything which obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an
obstruction; a barrier.
[1913 Webster]

Must I new bars to my own joy create? --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

4. A bank of sand, gravel, or other matter, esp. at the mouth
of a river or harbor, obstructing navigation.
[1913 Webster]

5. Any railing that divides a room, or office, or hall of
assembly, in order to reserve a space for those having
special privileges; as, the bar of the House of Commons.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Law)
(a) The railing that incloses the place which counsel
occupy in courts of justice. Hence, the phrase at the
bar of the court signifies in open court.
(b) The place in court where prisoners are stationed for
arraignment, trial, or sentence.
(c) The whole body of lawyers licensed in a court or
district; the legal profession.
(d) A special plea constituting a sufficient answer to
plaintiff's action.
[1913 Webster]

7. Any tribunal; as, the bar of public opinion; the bar of
God.
[1913 Webster]

8. A barrier or counter, over which liquors and food are
passed to customers; hence, the portion of the room behind
the counter where liquors for sale are kept.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Her.) An ordinary, like a fess but narrower, occupying
only one fifth part of the field.
[1913 Webster]

10. A broad shaft, or band, or stripe; as, a bar of light; a
bar of color.
[1913 Webster]

11. (Mus.) A vertical line across the staff. Bars divide the
staff into spaces which represent measures, and are
themselves called measures.
[1913 Webster]

Note: A double bar marks the end of a strain or main division
of a movement, or of a whole piece of music; in
psalmody, it marks the end of a line of poetry. The
term bar is very often loosely used for measure, i.e.,
for such length of music, or of silence, as is included
between one bar and the next; as, a passage of eight
bars; two bars' rest.
[1913 Webster]

12. (Far.) pl.
(a) The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper
jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.
(b) The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent
inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side,
and extends into the center of the sole.
[1913 Webster]

13. (Mining)
(a) A drilling or tamping rod.
(b) A vein or dike crossing a lode.
[1913 Webster]

14. (Arch.)
(a) A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.
(b) A slender strip of wood which divides and supports
the glass of a window; a sash bar.
[1913 Webster]

{Bar shoe} (Far.), a kind of horseshoe having a bar across
the usual opening at the heel, to protect a tender frog
from injury.

{Bar shot}, a double headed shot, consisting of a bar, with a
ball or half ball at each end; -- formerly used for
destroying the masts or rigging in naval combat.

{Bar sinister} (Her.), a term popularly but erroneously used
for baton, a mark of illegitimacy. See {Baton}.

{Bar tracery} (Arch.), ornamental stonework resembling bars
of iron twisted into the forms required.

{Blank bar} (Law). See {Blank}.

{Case at bar} (Law), a case presently before the court; a
case under argument.

{In bar of}, as a sufficient reason against; to prevent.

{Matter in bar}, or {Defence in bar}, any matter which is a
final defense in an action.

{Plea in bar}, a plea which goes to bar or defeat the
plaintiff's action absolutely and entirely.

{Trial at bar} (Eng. Law), a trial before all the judges of
one the superior courts of Westminster, or before a quorum
representing the full court.
[1913 Webster]


Bar \Bar\ (b[aum]r), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Barred} (b[aum]rd); p.
pr. & vb. n. {Barring}.] [ F. barrer. See {Bar}, n.]
1. To fasten with a bar; as, to bar a door or gate.
[1913 Webster]

2. To restrict or confine, as if by a bar; to hinder; to
obstruct; to prevent; to prohibit; as, to bar the entrance
of evil; distance bars our intercourse; the statute bars
my right; the right is barred by time; a release bars the
plaintiff's recovery; -- sometimes with up.
[1913 Webster]

He barely looked the idea in the face, and hastened
to bar it in its dungeon. --Hawthorne.
[1913 Webster]

3. To except; to exclude by exception.
[1913 Webster]

Nay, but I bar to-night: you shall not gauge me
By what we do to-night. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To cross with one or more stripes or lines.
[1913 Webster]

For the sake of distinguishing the feet more
clearly, I have barred them singly. --Burney.
[1913 Webster]

698 Moby Thesaurus words for "bar":
Hershey bar, Maypole, abscind, accent, accent mark, achievement,
ait, alehouse, alerion, ambo, amputate, animal charge, annihilate,
annulet, anticipate, arch dam, archipelago, argent,
armorial bearings, armory, arms, aside from, atoll, avert,
aviation badge, azure, backstop, badge, bamboo curtain, ban, band,
bandeau, bang, banish, bank, bar line, bar out, bar sinister,
barrage, barrel house, barricade, barrier, barring, barroom, bate,
baton, batten, batten down, beam, bear-trap dam, bearings,
beaver dam, beer garden, beer parlor, belt, bench, bend,
bend sinister, beside, besides, bespangle, bespeckle, bespot,
billet, bind, bistro, blank wall, blazon, blazonry, blind alley,
blind gut, blind tiger, block, block up, blockade, blockage,
blotch, board, bob, bolt, boom, boozer, bordure, bottleneck,
boycott, brace, brake, breakwater, breastwork, brick wall,
broad arrow, bucket shop, buffer, buffet, bulkhead, bulkhead in,
bullion, bulwark, bung, but, button, button up, cabaret,
cadency mark, cafe, cancel, cant hook, cantina, canton, caulk, cay,
cecum, chaplet, character, charge, check, checker, checkrein,
chevron, chicken, chief, chink, chock, choke, choke off, choke up,
choking, choking off, circumscribe, circumscription, clap,
claw bar, clip, clog, clog up, close, close off, close out,
close tight, close up, coat of arms, cockatrice, cocktail lounge,
cofferdam, coin gold, coin silver, confine, congest, congestion,
constipate, constipation, constrict, contain, continental island,
contract, control, copper, coral head, coral island, coral reef,
cork, coronet, costiveness, counsel, count out, counter, cover,
crack, crank, craze, crescent, crest, crisscross, crop, cross,
cross moline, cross-hatching, crossbar, crosscut, crow, crowbar,
crowd, crown, cruciate, cul-de-sac, cull, curb, custos, cut,
cut across, cut away, cut off, cut out, dam, dam up, dapple, dash,
dead end, debar, debarment, debarring, decussate, defense, deflect,
degree, delimit, delimitate, delineation, demarcation, deny,
deport, desk, deter, device, diagonal, difference, differencing,
difficulty, dike, direct, disallow, discourage, disenable,
dishearten, disqualify, ditch, dive, dock, dog, dot, dotted line,
dramshop, drinkery, drinking saloon, eagle, earthwork, eliminate,
embankment, embargo, embolism, embolus, encumbrance, enjoin,
enucleate, epaulet, eradicate, ermine, ermines, erminites,
erminois, escritoire, escutcheon, estop, ex, except, except for,
excepting, exception, excise, exclude, exclude from, excluding,
exclusion, exclusive of, exile, expression mark, extinguish,
extirpate, falcon, fasten, fence, fend, fend off, fermata, fess,
fess point, field, file, fill, fill up, flagstaff, flake, flanch,
flat, fleck, fleur-de-lis, fold, fold up, forbid, ford, foreclose,
forestall, foul, freckle, freeze out, fret, fur, fusil, garland,
gate, gin mill, gold, gold nugget, gorge, gravity dam, griffin,
groggery, grogshop, groin, gules, gyron, hachure, hairline, halt,
hamper, handspike, hardship, harlequin, hash mark, hatching,
hatchment, hedge, helmet, help, hem, heraldic device, hinder,
hindrance, hold, holm, honky-tonk, honor point, hurdle,
hydraulic-fill dam, ignore, impalement, impaling, impasse, impede,
impediment, inadmissibility, inescutcheon, infarct, infarction,
ingot, inhibit, injunction, insignia of branch, insularity,
intercross, interdict, intersect, iris, iron crow, iron curtain,
island, island group, islandology, isle, jam, jetty, jimmy,
keep from, keep off, keep out, key, key signature, knock off,
label, latch, lead, leaping weir, leave out, leaving out, lectern,
ledger line, legal profession, let alone, levee, lever, lie across,
ligature, limb, line, lineation, lion, list, local, lock, lock out,
lock up, lockout, logjam, lop, lounge, lozenge, maculate,
make impossible, mantling, marble, marbleize, mark, marlinespike,
marshaling, martlet, mascle, measure, metal, metronomic mark,
milldam, moat, mole, motley, mottle, motto, mound, mullet,
mutilate, narrowing, nickel, nightclub, nip, nombril point,
nonadmission, notation, nugget, oak leaf, obstacle, obstipate,
obstipation, obstruct, obstruction, obviate, occlude,
oceanic island, octofoil, omission, omit, omitting, or, ordinary,
organization insignia, orle, ostracize, outlaw, outrigger,
outside of, overseas bar, pack, padlock, pale, palisade, paly,
parachute badge, parapet, pare, pass over, patch, pause, pean,
peavey, pedal, peel, pepper, pheon, pick out, picket, pinch bar,
pip, pleading, plug, plug up, plumb, pole, polychrome,
polychromize, portcullis, pothouse, precious metals, preclude,
precluding, preclusion, presa, prevent, prize, prohibit,
prohibition, proscribe, prune, pry, pub, public, public house,
purpure, quarter, quartering, rail, rainbow, rampart, rathskeller,
reef, refuse, reject, rejection, relegate, relegation, repel,
representation, repress, repudiate, repudiation, restrict,
restriction, ripping bar, roadblock, roadhouse, rock-fill dam, rod,
root out, rose, rub, rule out, rummery, rumshop, sable, saloon,
saloon bar, saltire, sandbank, sandbar, save, save and except,
saving, say no to, scape, score, scutcheon, seal, seal off,
seal up, sealing off, seawall, secretaire, secretary, secure,
segno, send to Coventry, service stripe, set apart, set aside,
shaft, shallow, shallows, shave, shear, shelf, shield, shoal,
shoal water, shoulder patch, shoulder sleeve insignia, shut,
shut off, shut out, shut the door, shut tight, shut up,
shutter dam, sign, signature, silver, slab, slam, slash, slur,
snag, snap, space, spangle, spar, speakeasy, speck, speckle, spile,
splotch, spot, spread eagle, sprinkle, squeeze, squeeze shut,
staff, stalk, stamp out, stanch, stand, star, stave, stave off,
stay, stem, stench, stick, stifle, stigmatize, stipple, stone wall,
stop, stop up, stoppage, stopper, stopple, strangle, strangulate,
strangulation, streak, streaking, stria, striate, striation,
striature, striga, strike off, string, striola, strip, strip off,
stripe, striping, stroke, stud, stuff, stuff up, stumbling block,
sublineation, submarine badge, subordinary, suffocate, suppress,
suspend, swell, symbol, table, taboo, take off, take out, tap,
taproom, tattoo, tavern, tempo mark, tenne, tessellate, than,
tidal flats, tie, time signature, tincture, tongue, torse,
totem pole, transverse, traverse, treadle, tressure, tribunal,
truncate, turn aside, underline, underlining, underscore,
underscoring, unicorn, unless, vair, variegate, vein, vert,
vicissitude, vinculum, virgule, wall, ward off, watering place,
weir, wetlands, wicket dam, wine shop, wipe out, without, work,
workbench, wreath, wrecking bar, writing table, yale, yellow stuff,
zip up, zipper

1. /bar/ The second {metasyntactic
variable}, after {foo} and before {baz}. E.g. "Suppose
function FOO calls functions BAR..."

2. Often appended to {foo} to produce {foobar}.

[{Jargon File}]

(1995-03-07)

Base Address Register (IC)

bar: /bar/, n. 1. [very common] The second
metasyntactic variable,
after foo and before
baz. “Suppose we have two functions: FOO and
BAR. FOO calls BAR....”

Bar
used to denote the means by which a door is bolted (Neh. 3:3); a
rock in the sea (Jonah 2:6); the shore of the sea (Job 38:10);
strong fortifications and powerful impediments, etc. (Isa. 45:2;
Amos 1:5); defences of a city (1 Kings 4:13). A bar for a door
was of iron (Isa. 45:2), brass (Ps. 107:16), or wood (Nah.
3:13).

BAR, contracts. An obstacle or opposition. 2. Some bars arise from
circumstances, and others from persons. Kindred within the prohibited
degree, for example, is a bar to a marriage between the persons related; but
the fact that A is married, and cannot therefore marry B, is a circumstance
which operates as a bar as long as it subsists; for without it the parties
might marry.


BAR, practice. A place in a court where the counsellors and advocates stand
to make their addresses to the court and jury; it is so called because
formerly it was closed with a bar. Figuratively the counsellors and
attorneys at law are called the bar of Philadelphia, the New York bar.
2. A place in a court having criminal jurisdiction, to which prisoners
are called to plead to the indictment, is also called, the bar. Vide Merl.
Repert. mot Barreau, and Dupin, Profession d'Avocat, tom. i. p. 451, for
some eloquent advice to gentlemen of the bar.


BAR, actions. A perpetual destruction or temporary taking away of the action
of the plaintiff. In ancient authors it is called exceptio peremptorid. Co.
Litt. 303 b Steph. Pl. Appx. xxviii. Loisel (Institutes Coutumieres, vol.
ii. p. 204) says, "Exceptions (in pleas) have been called bars by our
ancient practitioners, because, being opposed, they arrest the party who has
sued out the process, as in war (une barriere) a barrier arrests an enemy;
and as there have always been in our tribunals bars to separate the
advocates from the judges, the place where the advocates stand (pour parler)
when they speak, has been called for that reason (barreau) the bar."
2. When a person is bound in any action, real or personal, by judgment
on demurrer, confession or verdict, he is barred, i. e. debarred, as to that
or any other action of the like nature or degree, for the same thing,
forever; for expedit reipublicae ut sit finis litim.
3. But there is a difference between real and personal actions.
4. In personal actions, as in debt or account, the bar is perpetual,
inasmuch as the plaintiff cannot have an action of a higher nature, and
therefore in such actions he has generally no remedy, but by bringing a writ
of error. Doct. Plac. 65; 6 Co. 7, 8 4 East, 507, 508.
5. But if the defendant be barred in a real action, by judgment on a
verdict, demurrer or confession, &c., he may still have an action of a
higher nature, and try the same right again. Lawes, Pl. 39, 40. See
generally, Bac. Ab. Abatement, N; Plea in bar. Also the case of Outram v.
Morewood, 3 East, Rep. 346-366; a leading case on this subject.



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