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attempt    音標拼音: [ət'ɛmpt]
n.
vt. 努力,試圖,企圖,嘗試

努力,試圖,企圖,嘗試

attempt
n 1: earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or
accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the
reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she
gave it a good try" [synonym: {attempt}, {effort}, {endeavor},
{endeavour}, {try}]
2: the act of attacking; "attacks on women increased last year";
"they made an attempt on his life" [synonym: {attack}, {attempt}]
v 1: make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his
fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The
police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve
himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world" [synonym:
{try}, {seek}, {attempt}, {essay}, {assay}]
2: enter upon an activity or enterprise [synonym: {undertake}, {set
about}, {attempt}]

Attempt \At*tempt"\ (?; 215), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Attempted};
p. pr. & vb. n. {Attempting}.] [OF. atenter, also spelt
atempter, F. attenter, fr. L. attentare to attempt; ad
tentare, temptare, to touch, try, v. intens. of tendere to
stretch. See {Tempt}, and cf. {Attend}.]
1. To make trial or experiment of; to try; to endeavor to do
or perform (some action); to assay; as, to attempt to
sing; to attempt a bold flight.
[1913 Webster]

Something attempted, something done,
Has earned a night's repose. --Longfellow.
[1913 Webster]

2. To try to move, by entreaty, by afflictions, or by
temptations; to tempt. [Obs. or Archaic]
[1913 Webster]

It made the laughter of an afternoon
That Vivien should attempt the blameless king.
--Thackeray.
[1913 Webster]

3. To try to win, subdue, or overcome; as, one who attempts
the virtue of a woman.
[1913 Webster]

Dear sir, of force I must attempt you further:
Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. To attack; to make an effort or attack upon; to try to
take by force; as, to attempt the enemy's camp.
[1913 Webster]

Without attempting his adversary's life. --Motley.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: See {Try}.
[1913 Webster]


Attempt \At*tempt"\, v. i.
To make an attempt; -- with upon. [Obs.] --Sir T. Browne.
[1913 Webster]


Attempt \At*tempt"\, n.
A essay, trial, or endeavor; an undertaking; an attack, or an
effort to gain a point; esp. an unsuccessful, as contrasted
with a successful, effort.
[1913 Webster]

By his blindness maimed for high attempts. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

{Attempt to commit a crime} (Law), such an intentional
preparatory act as will apparently result, if not
extrinsically hindered, in a crime which it was designed
to effect. --Wharton.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: {Attempt}, {Endeavor}, {Effort}, {Exertion}, {Trial}.

Usage: These words agree in the idea of calling forth our
powers into action. Trial is the generic term; it
denotes a putting forth of one's powers with a view to
determine what they can accomplish; as, to make trial
of one's strength. An attempt is always directed to
some definite and specific object; as, "The attempt,
and not the deed, confounds us." --Shak. An endeavor
is a continued attempt; as, "His high endeavor and his
glad success." --Cowper. Effort is a specific putting
forth of strength in order to carry out an attempt.
Exertion is the putting forth or active exercise of
any faculty or power. "It admits of all degrees of
effort and even natural action without effort." --C.
J. Smith. See {Try}.
[1913 Webster]

118 Moby Thesaurus words for "attempt":
accept, affair, aim to, approach, assault, assay, assume, attack,
attempt to, begin, beginning, bid, buckle to, business, care,
chance, commence, commencement, commitment, contract, crack, dare,
dare to, deal, effort, embark in, embark upon, endeavor, engage,
engage in, engagement, enter on, enter upon, enterprise, essay,
experiment, fall into, fall to, fling, gambit, get under way, go,
go about, go at, go in for, go into, go upon, hassle, have at,
hazard, inaugurate, initiate, initiation, launch forth,
launch into, lay about, lick, lift a finger, make an attempt,
make an effort, make bold, make free, move, move into, obligation,
offer, operation, pains, pitch into, plan, plunge into, presume,
pretend, pretend to, proceed to, program, project, proposition,
seek, seek to, set about, set at, set forward, set going, set to,
shot, shy, stab, start, step, strive, strive to, striving, stroke,
strong bid, struggle, study to, tackle, take on, take the liberty,
take up, task, tentative, trial, trial and error, trouble, try,
try and, try to, turn to, undertake, undertaking, venture,
venture on, venture to, venture upon, whack, work

ATTEMPT, criminal law. An attempt to commit a crime, is an endeavor to
accomplish it, carried beyond mere preparation, but falling short of
execution of the ultimate design, in any part of it.
2. Between preparations and attempts to commit a crime, the distinction
is in many cases, very indeterminate. A man who buys poison for the purpose
of committing a murder, and mixes it in the food intended for his victim,
and places it on a table where he may take it, will or will not be guilty of
an attempt to poison, from the simple circumstance of his taking back the
poisoned food before or after the victim has had an opportunity to take it;
for if immediately on putting it down, he should take it up, and, awakened
to a just consideration of the enormity of the crime, destroy it, this would
amount only to preparations and certainly if before he placed it on the
table, or before he mixed the poison with the food, he had repented of his
intention there would have been no attempt to commit a crime; the law gives
this as a locus penitentiae. An attempt to commit a crime is a misdemeanor;
and an attempt to commit a misdemeanor, is itself a misdemeanor. 1 Russ. on
Cr. 44; 2 East, R. 8; 3 Pick. R. 26; 3 Benth. Ev. 69; 6 C. & P. 368.

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  • 維基百科,自由的百科全書 - zh. wikipedia. org
    本條目介紹的是一部網絡百科全書。關於維基百科的其他意思,請見「維基百科 (消歧義)」。 關於這部百科全書的中文版本,請見「中文維基百科」。 「維基大典」被重定向至此,這部百科全書的文言版本請見「Wikipedia:文言文維基百科」。





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