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ate    音標拼音: ['et]
vbl. 吃

吃

Ate
n 1: goddess of criminal rashness and its punishment

Ate \Ate\ (?; 277),
the preterit of {Eat}.
[1913 Webster]


Ate \A"te\, n. [Gr. ?.] (Greek. Myth.)
The goddess of mischievous folly; also, in later poets, the
goddess of vengeance.
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-ate \-ate\ [From the L. suffix -atus, the past participle
ending of verbs of the 1st conj.]
1. As an ending of participles or participial adjectives it
is equivalent to -ed; as, situate or situated; animate or
animated.
[1913 Webster]

2. As the ending of a verb, it means to make, to cause, to
act, etc.; as, to propitiate (to make propitious); to
animate (to give life to).
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3. As a noun suffix, it marks the agent; as, curate,
delegate. It also sometimes marks the office or dignity;
as, tribunate.
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4. In chemistry it is used to denote the salts formed from
those acids whose names end -ic (excepting binary or
halogen acids); as, sulphate from sulphuric acid, nitrate
from nitric acid, etc. It is also used in the case of
certain basic salts.
[1913 Webster]


Eat \Eat\ ([=e]t), v. t. [imp. {Ate} ([=a]t; 277), Obsolescent &
Colloq. {Eat} ([e^]t); p. p. {Eaten} ([=e]t"'n), Obs. or
Colloq. {Eat} ([e^]t); p. pr. & vb. n. {Eating}.] [OE. eten,
AS. etan; akin to OS. etan, OFries. eta, D. eten, OHG. ezzan,
G. essen, Icel. eta, Sw. [aum]ta, Dan. [ae]de, Goth. itan,
Ir. & Gael. ith, W. ysu, L. edere, Gr. 'e`dein, Skr. ad.
[root]6. Cf. {Etch}, {Fret} to rub, {Edible}.]
1. To chew and swallow as food; to devour; -- said especially
of food not liquid; as, to eat bread. "To eat grass as
oxen." --Dan. iv. 25.
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They . . . ate the sacrifices of the dead. --Ps.
cvi. 28.
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The lean . . . did eat up the first seven fat kine.
--Gen. xli.
20.
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The lion had not eaten the carcass. --1 Kings
xiii. 28.
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With stories told of many a feat,
How fairy Mab the junkets eat. --Milton.
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The island princes overbold
Have eat our substance. --Tennyson.
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His wretched estate is eaten up with mortgages.
--Thackeray.
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2. To corrode, as metal, by rust; to consume the flesh, as a
cancer; to waste or wear away; to destroy gradually; to
cause to disappear.
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{To eat humble pie}. See under {Humble}.

{To eat of} (partitive use). "Eat of the bread that can not
waste." --Keble.

{To eat one's words}, to retract what one has said. (See the
Citation under {Blurt}.)

{To eat out}, to consume completely. "Eat out the heart and
comfort of it." --Tillotson.

{To eat the wind out of a vessel} (Naut.), to gain slowly to
windward of her.

Syn: To consume; devour; gnaw; corrode.
[1913 Webster]



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