
arithmetic 音標拼音: [ ,ɛrɪθm'ɛtɪk] [ɚ'ɪθmət ,ɪk] n. U算術
a. 算術的 U算術算術的 arithmetic算術暫存器
arithmetic算術部門 arithmetic算術 arithmetic adj 1: relating to or involving arithmetic; " arithmetical computations" [ synonym: { arithmetical}, { arithmetic}] n 1: the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculationsMathematics \ Math` e* mat" ics\, n. [ F. math[' e] matiques, pl., L. mathematica, sing., Gr. ? ( sc. ?) science. See { Mathematic}, and { ics}.] That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations. [ 1913 Webster] Note: Mathematics embraces three departments, namely: 1. { Arithmetic}. 2. { Geometry}, including { Trigonometry} and { Conic Sections}. 3. { Analysis}, in which letters are used, including { Algebra}, { Analytical Geometry}, and { Calculus}. Each of these divisions is divided into pure or abstract, which considers magnitude or quantity abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or applied, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with physical considerations. [ 1913 Webster]
Arithmetic \ A* rith" me* tic\, n. [ OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? ( sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See { Arm}. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to the Greek.] 1. The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures. [ 1913 Webster] 2. A book containing the principles of this science. [ 1913 Webster] { Arithmetic of sines}, trigonometry. { Political arithmetic}, the application of the science of numbers to problems in civil government, political economy, and social science. { Universal arithmetic}, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to algebra. [ 1913 Webster] 65 Moby Thesaurus words for " arithmetic": Boolean algebra, Euclidean geometry, Fourier analysis, Lagrangian function, algebra, algebraic geometry, analysis, analytic geometry, associative algebra, binary arithmetic, calculation, calculus, ciphering, circle geometry, descriptive geometry, differential calculus, division algebra, equivalent algebras, estimation, figuring, game theory, geodesy, geometry, graphic algebra, group theory, higher algebra, higher arithmetic, hyperbolic geometry, infinitesimal calculus, integral calculus, intuitional geometry, invariant subalgebra, inverse geometry, line geometry, linear algebra, mathematical physics, matrix algebra, metageometry, modular arithmetic, n tuple linear algebra, natural geometry, nilpotent algebra, number theory, plane trigonometry, political arithmetic, projective geometry, proper subalgebra, quaternian algebra, reckoning, reducible algebra, set theory, simple algebra, solid geometry, speculative geometry, spherical trigonometry, statistics, subalgebra, systems analysis, topology, trig, trigonometry, universal algebra, universal geometry, vector algebra, zero algebra

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