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argument    音標拼音: ['ɑrgjəmənt]
n. 爭論,辯論,爭辯,爭執






n 1: a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is
true; "it was a strong argument that his hypothesis was
true" [synonym: {argument}, {statement}]
2: a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong
disagreement; "they were involved in a violent argument"
[synonym: {controversy}, {contention}, {contestation},
{disputation}, {disceptation}, {tilt}, {argument}, {arguing}]
3: a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against
some proposition or proposal; "the argument over foreign aid
goes on and on" [synonym: {argument}, {argumentation}, {debate}]
4: a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play
or movie; "the editor added the argument to the poem" [synonym:
{argument}, {literary argument}]
5: (computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a
function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program [synonym:
{argument}, {parameter}]
6: a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose
value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the
independent variable
7: a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or
falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning; "I
can't follow your line of reasoning" [synonym: {argumentation},
{logical argument}, {argument}, {line of reasoning}, {line}]

Argument \Ar"gu*ment\, n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr.
arguere to argue.]
1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument
of the existence of a Deity. --Ray.
[1913 Webster]

Why, then, is it made a badge of wit and an argument
of parts for a man to commence atheist, and to cast
off all belief of providence, all awe and reverence
for religion? --South.
[1913 Webster]

2. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or
convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an
argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition,
for or in favor of it, or against it.
[1913 Webster]

3. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of
rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
[1913 Webster]

The argument is about things, but names. --Locke.
[1913 Webster]

4. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic
representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or
summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
[1913 Webster]

You and love are still my argument. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

The abstract or argument of the piece. --Jeffrey.
[1913 Webster]

[Shields] with boastful argument portrayed.
[1913 Webster]

5. Matter for question; business in hand. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Sheathed their swords for lack of argument. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a
table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the
[1913 Webster]

7. (Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of
a function depends. --Brande & C.
[1913 Webster]

Argument \Ar"gu*ment\ ([a^]r"g[-u]*ment), v. i. [L.
To make an argument; to argue. [Obs.] --Gower.
[1913 Webster]

243 Moby Thesaurus words for "argument":
Kilkenny cats, action, addend, affray, altercation, anagnorisis,
angle, answer, antilogarithm, apologetics, apologia, apology,
architectonics, architecture, argumentation, argumentum, assertion,
atmosphere, background, barney, base, basis, bicker, bickering,
binomial, blood feud, brawl, broil, case, casuistry,
cat-and-dog life, catastrophe, characteristic, characterization,
claim, coefficient, color, combat, combination, complement,
complication, conflict, congruence, cons, consideration, constant,
contention, contentiousness, contest, contestation, continuity,
contrivance, controversy, cosine, cotangent, counterstatement,
cube, cut and thrust, debate, decimal, defence, defense, demurrer,
denial, denominator, denouement, derivative, design, determinant,
development, device, difference, differential, disagreement,
discriminate, disputation, dispute, dissension, dividend, divisor,
donnybrook, donnybrook fair, e, elenchus, embroilment, enmity,
episode, equation, evidence, exception, exponent, exponential,
fable, factor, falling action, falling-out, feud, fight, fighting,
fliting, flyting, formula, foundation, fracas, fray, function,
fuss, gimmick, ground, hassle, head, hostility, hubbub, hurrah, i,
ignoratio elenchi, imbroglio, incident, increment, index, integral,
line, litigation, local color, logic, logomachy, matrix, matter,
minuend, mood, motif, motive, movement, multiple, multiplier,
mythos, norm, numerator, objection, open quarrel, paper war,
parameter, passage of arms, peripeteia, permutation, pi, plaidoyer,
plan, plea, pleading, pleadings, plot, point, polemic, polemics,
polynomial, position, posture, power, proof, proposition, pros,
pros and cons, quarrel, quarreling, quarrelsomeness, quaternion,
quotient, radical, radix, reason, rebuttal, reciprocal,
recognition, refutation, remainder, reply, response, rhubarb,
riposte, rising action, root, row, rumpus, scheme, scrap,
scrapping, secant, secondary plot, set-to, sharp words, sine,
slanging match, slant, snarl, spat, special demurrer,
special pleading, squabble, squabbling, stance, standpoint,
statement, statement of defense, story, strife, structure,
struggle, subject, subject matter, submultiple, subplot,
subtrahend, summation, summing up, switch, talking point, tangent,
tensor, testimony, text, thematic development, theme, thesis, tiff,
tone, topic, tussle, twist, variable, vector, vendetta,
verbal engagement, versine, war, war of words, warfare, wherefore,
why, whyfor, words, wrangle, wrangling

(Or "arg") A value or reference passed to a
{function}, {procedure}, {subroutine}, command or program, by
the caller. For example, in the function definition

square(x) = x * x

x is the {formal argument} or "parameter", and in the call

y = square(34)

34 is the {actual argument}. This will execute the function
square with x having the value 7 and return the result 49.

There are many different conventions for passing arguments to
functions and procedures including {call-by-value},
{call-by-name}, {call-by-reference}, {call-by-need}. These
affect whether the value of the argument is computed by the
caller or the callee (the function) and whether the callee can
modify the value of the argument as seen by the caller (if it
is a variable).

Arguments to functions are usually, following mathematical
notation, written in parentheses after the function name,
separated by commas (but see {curried function}). Arguments
to a program are usually given after the command name,
separated by spaces, e.g.:

cat myfile yourfile hisfile

Here "cat" is the command and "myfile", "yourfile", and
"hisfile" are the arguments.




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