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aperture 音標拼音: ['æpɚtʃɚ]
n 1: a device that controls amount of light admitted
2: a natural opening in something
3: an man-made opening; usually small
Aperture \Ap"er*ture\ (?; 135), n. [L. apertura, fr. aperire.
1. The act of opening. [Obs.]
2. An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a
passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall.
An aperture between the mountains. --Gilpin.
The back aperture of the nostrils. --Owen.
3. (Opt.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object
glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a
telescope of four-inch aperture.
Note: The aperture of microscopes is often expressed in
degrees, called also the angular aperture, which
signifies the angular breadth of the pencil of light
which the instrument transmits from the object or point
viewed; as, a microscope of 100[deg] aperture.
89 Moby Thesaurus words for "aperture":
access, aisle, alley, ambulatory, arcade, artery, avenue, bore,
breach, break, broaching, cavity, channel, chasm, check, chink,
clearing, cleft, cloister, colonnade, communication, conduit,
connection, corridor, covered way, crack, crevice, cut, defile,
disclosure, discontinuity, exit, fenestra, ferry, fissure, fistula,
fontanel, foramen, ford, gallery, gap, gape, gash, gat, gulf,
hiatus, hole, hollow, inlet, interchange, intersection, interstice,
interval, junction, lacuna, lane, laying open, leak, opening,
opening up, orifice, outlet, overpass, pass, passage, passageway,
perforation, pinhole, pore, portico, prick, puncture,
railroad tunnel, rupture, slash, slit, slot, space, split, stoma,
throwing open, traject, trajet, tunnel, uncorking, underpass,
unstopping, vent, yawn