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angel    音標拼音: ['endʒəl]
n. 天使,守護神,可愛的人


n 1: spiritual being attendant upon God
2: person of exceptional holiness [synonym: {saint}, {holy man},
{holy person}, {angel}]
3: invests in a theatrical production [synonym: {angel}, {backer}]
4: the highest waterfall; has more than one leap; flow varies
seasonally [synonym: {Angel}, {Angel Falls}]

Angel \An"gel\, n. [AS. [ae]ngel, engel, influenced by OF.
angele, angle, F. ange. Both the AS. and the OF. words are
from L. angelus, Gr. 'a`ggelos messenger, a messenger of God,
an angel.]
1. A messenger. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

The dear good angel of the Spring,
The nightingale. --B. Jonson.
[1913 Webster]

2. A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power and
intelligence. In the Scriptures the angels appear as God's
[1913 Webster]

O, welcome, pure-eyed Faith, white-handed Hope,
Thou hovering angel, girt with golden wings.
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3. One of a class of "fallen angels;" an evil spirit; as, the
devil and his angels.
[1913 Webster]

4. A minister or pastor of a church, as in the Seven Asiatic
churches. [Archaic]
[1913 Webster]

Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write.
--Rev. ii. 1.
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5. Attendant spirit; genius; demon. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

6. An appellation given to a person supposed to be of angelic
goodness or loveliness; a darling.
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When pain and anguish wring the brow,
A ministering angel thou. --Sir W.
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7. (Numis.) An ancient gold coin of England, bearing the
figure of the archangel Michael. It varied in value from
6s. 8d. to 10s. --Amer. Cyc.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Angel is sometimes used adjectively; as, angel grace;
angel whiteness.
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{Angel bed}, a bed without posts.

{Angel fish}. (Zool.)
(a) A species of shark ({Squatina angelus}) from six to
eight feet long, found on the coasts of Europe and
North America. It takes its name from its pectoral
fins, which are very large and extend horizontally
like wings when spread.
(b) One of several species of compressed, bright colored
fishes warm seas, belonging to the family

{Angel gold}, standard gold. [Obs.] --Fuller.

{Angel shark}. See {Angel fish}.

{Angel shot} (Mil.), a kind of chain shot.

{Angel water}, a perfumed liquid made at first chiefly from
angelica; afterwards containing rose, myrtle, and
orange-flower waters, with ambergris, etc. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

163 Moby Thesaurus words for "angel":
Dionysus, Maecenas, Santa Claus, abettor, admirer, advocate,
aficionado, almoner, almsgiver, ancestral spirits, angelology,
angels, apologist, archangels, assignor, attendant godling,
awarder, babe, baby, baby-doll, backer, bestower, buff, buttercup,
champion, cheerful giver, cherub, cherubim, chick, chickabiddy,
child, conferrer, consignor, contributor, control, daemon, darling,
dear, deary, defender, demon, dependence, doll, dominations,
dominions, donator, donor, dove, duck, duckling, encourager,
endorser, exponent, fairy godmother, familiar, familiar spirit,
fan, favorer, feoffor, financer, friend at court, funder, genius,
genius domus, genius loci, giver, good angel, good genius, grantor,
great soul, grubstaker, guarantor, guardian, guardian angel,
guardian spirit, guide, guru, holy man, hon, honey, honey bunch,
honey child, household gods, imparter, infant, innocent,
invisible helper, lady bountiful, lamb, lambkin, lares and penates,
lares compitales, lares familiaris, lares permarini,
lares praestites, lares viales, love, lover, mahatma, mainstay,
maintainer, manes, meal ticket, mere child, ministering angel,
newborn babe, numen, paranymph, partisan, patron, patroness,
penates, pet, petkins, philanthropist, powers, precious,
precious heart, presenter, principalities, promoter, protagonist,
reliance, rishi, saint, second, seconder, sectary, seraphim,
settler, sider, snookums, special providence, sponsor, staker,
stalwart, standby, starets, subscriber, sugar, sugar daddy,
support, supporter, surety, sustainer, sweet, sweetheart, sweetie,
sweetkins, sweets, sympathizer, testate, testator, testatrix,
thrones, totem, tutelar god, tutelary, upholder, virtues, votary,
vouchsafer, well-wisher

A single {address space}, {micro-kernel}
{operating system} for {multiprocessor} computers, developed
at {Imperial College} and {City University}, London, UK.

[Ariel Burton]


a word signifying, both in the Hebrew and Greek, a "messenger,"
and hence employed to denote any agent God sends forth to
execute his purposes. It is used of an ordinary messenger (Job
1:14: 1 Sam. 11:3; Luke 7:24; 9:52), of prophets (Isa. 42:19;
Hag. 1:13), of priests (Mal. 2:7), and ministers of the New
Testament (Rev. 1:20).

It is also applied to such impersonal agents as the pestilence
(2 Sam. 24:16, 17; 2 Kings 19:35), the wind (Ps. 104:4).

But its distinctive application is to certain heavenly
intelligences whom God employs in carrying on his government of
the world. The name does not denote their nature but their
office as messengers. The appearances to Abraham at Mamre (Gen.
18:2, 22. Comp. 19:1), to Jacob at Peniel (Gen. 32:24, 30), to
Joshua at Gilgal (Josh. 5:13, 15), of the Angel of the Lord,
were doubtless manifestations of the Divine presence,
"foreshadowings of the incarnation," revelations before the
"fulness of the time" of the Son of God.

(1.) The existence and orders of angelic beings can only be
discovered from the Scriptures. Although the Bible does not
treat of this subject specially, yet there are numerous
incidental details that furnish us with ample information. Their
personal existence is plainly implied in such passages as Gen.
16:7, 10, 11; Judg. 13:1-21; Matt. 28:2-5; Heb. 1:4, etc.

These superior beings are very numerous. "Thousand thousands,"
etc. (Dan. 7:10; Matt. 26:53; Luke 2:13; Heb. 12:22, 23). They
are also spoken of as of different ranks in dignity and power
(Zech. 1:9, 11; Dan. 10:13; 12:1; 1 Thess. 4:16; Jude 1:9; Eph.
1:21; Col. 1:16).

(2.) As to their nature, they are spirits (Heb. 1:14), like
the soul of man, but not incorporeal. Such expressions as "like
the angels" (Luke 20:36), and the fact that whenever angels
appeared to man it was always in a human form (Gen. 18:2; 19:1,
10; Luke 24:4; Acts 1:10), and the titles that are applied to
them ("sons of God," Job 1:6; 38:7; Dan. 3:25; comp. 28) and to
men (Luke 3:38), seem all to indicate some resemblance between
them and the human race. Imperfection is ascribed to them as
creatures (Job 4:18; Matt. 24:36; 1 Pet. 1:12). As finite
creatures they may fall under temptation; and accordingly we
read of "fallen angels." Of the cause and manner of their "fall"
we are wholly ignorant. We know only that "they left their first
estate" (Matt. 25:41; Rev. 12:7,9), and that they are "reserved
unto judgement" (2 Pet. 2:4). When the manna is called "angels'
food," this is merely to denote its excellence (Ps. 78:25).
Angels never die (Luke 20:36). They are possessed of superhuman
intelligence and power (Mark 13:32; 2 Thess. 1:7; Ps. 103:20).
They are called "holy" (Luke 9:26), "elect" (1 Tim. 5:21). The
redeemed in glory are "like unto the angels" (Luke 20:36). They
are not to be worshipped (Col. 2:18; Rev. 19:10).

(3.) Their functions are manifold. (a) In the widest sense
they are agents of God's providence (Ex. 12:23; Ps. 104:4; Heb.
11:28; 1 Cor. 10:10; 2 Sam. 24:16; 1 Chr. 21:16; 2 Kings 19:35;
Acts 12:23). (b) They are specially God's agents in carrying on
his great work of redemption. There is no notice of angelic
appearances to man till after the call of Abraham. From that
time onward there are frequent references to their ministry on
earth (Gen. 18; 19; 24:7, 40; 28:12; 32:1). They appear to
rebuke idolatry (Judg. 2:1-4), to call Gideon (Judg. 6:11, 12),
and to consecrate Samson (13:3). In the days of the prophets,
from Samuel downward, the angels appear only in their behalf (1
Kings 19:5; 2 Kings 6:17; Zech. 1-6; Dan. 4:13, 23; 10:10, 13,
20, 21).

The Incarnation introduces a new era in the ministrations of
angels. They come with their Lord to earth to do him service
while here. They predict his advent (Matt. 1:20; Luke 1:26-38),
minister to him after his temptation and agony (Matt. 4:11; Luke
22:43), and declare his resurrection and ascension (Matt.
28:2-8; John 20:12, 13; Acts 1:10, 11). They are now ministering
spirits to the people of God (Heb. 1:14; Ps. 34:7; 91:11; Matt.
18:10; Acts 5:19; 8:26; 10:3; 12:7; 27:23). They rejoice over a
penitent sinner (Luke 15:10). They bear the souls of the
redeemed to paradise (Luke 16:22); and they will be the
ministers of judgement hereafter on the great day (Matt. 13:39,
41, 49; 16:27; 24:31). The passages (Ps. 34:7, Matt. 18:10)
usually referred to in support of the idea that every individual
has a particular guardian angel have no such meaning. They
merely indicate that God employs the ministry of angels to
deliver his people from affliction and danger, and that the
angels do not think it below their dignity to minister even to
children and to the least among Christ's disciples.

The "angel of his presence" (Isa. 63:9. Comp. Ex. 23:20, 21;
32:34; 33:2; Num. 20:16) is probably rightly interpreted of the
Messiah as the guide of his people. Others have supposed the
expression to refer to Gabriel (Luke 1:19).



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