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acid    音標拼音: ['æsəd]
n. 酸,酸類物質
a. 酸的,酸性的,諷刺的

酸,酸類物質酸的,酸性的,諷刺的

acid
adj 1: harsh or corrosive in tone; "an acerbic tone piercing
otherwise flowery prose"; "a barrage of acid comments";
"her acrid remarks make her many enemies"; "bitter
words"; "blistering criticism"; "caustic jokes about
political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical
ethics"; "a sulfurous denunciation"; "a vitriolic
critique" [synonym: {acerb}, {acerbic}, {acid}, {acrid},
{bitter}, {blistering}, {caustic}, {sulfurous},
{sulphurous}, {virulent}, {vitriolic}]
2: being sour to the taste [synonym: {acidic}, {acid}, {acidulent},
{acidulous}]
3: having the characteristics of an acid; "an acid reaction"
n 1: any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste
and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base
to form a salt
2: street name for lysergic acid diethylamide [synonym: {acid},
{back breaker}, {battery-acid}, {dose}, {dot}, {Elvis},
{loony toons}, {Lucy in the sky with diamonds}, {pane},
{superman}, {window pane}, {Zen}]

Acid \Ac"id\, a. [L. acidus sour, fr. the root ak to be sharp:
cf. F. acide. Cf. {Acute}.]
1. Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the
taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. Also fig.:
Sour-tempered.
[1913 Webster]

He was stern and his face as acid as ever. --A.
Trollope.
[1913 Webster]

2. Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.
[1913 Webster]


Acid \Ac"id\, n.
1. A sour substance.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) One of a class of compounds, generally but not
always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in
water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors.
They are also characterized by the power of destroying the
distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining
with them to form salts, at the same time losing their own
peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united
with a more negative element or radical, either alone, or
more generally with oxygen, and take their names from this
negative element or radical. Those which contain no oxygen
are sometimes called {hydracids} in distinction from the
others which are called {oxygen acids} or {oxacids}.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In certain cases, sulphur, selenium, or tellurium may
take the place of oxygen, and the corresponding
compounds are called respectively {sulphur acids} or
{sulphacids}, {selenium acids}, or {tellurium acids}.
When the hydrogen of an acid is replaced by a positive
element or radical, a salt is formed, and hence acids
are sometimes named as salts of hydrogen; as hydrogen
nitrate for nitric acid, hydrogen sulphate for
sulphuric acid, etc. In the old chemistry the name acid
was applied to the oxides of the negative or
nonmetallic elements, now sometimes called anhydrides.
[1913 Webster]

322 Moby Thesaurus words for "acid":
DET, DMT, Foamite, LSD, Mary Jane, STP, THC, acerb, acerbate,
acerbic, acerbity, acetic, acetose, acetous, acetylsalicylic acid,
acid, acidic, acidity, acidulant, acidulated, acidulent, acidulous,
acidulousness, acrid, acrimonious, acrimony, actual cautery, agent,
alkali, alkalinity, alloisomer, amino acid, ammono acid, angry,
animosity, anion, antacid, antidepressant, aqua fortis, aqua regia,
arsenic acid, ascorbic acid, asperity, asperous, aspirin,
astringent, ataractic, atom, automatic sprinkler, base, basic,
battery acid, benzoic acid, bile, biochemical, biting, bitter,
bitter resentment, bitterness, bitterness of spirit, boric acid,
brand, brand iron, branding iron, bread-and-butter pickle, burning,
butyric acid, carbolic acid, carbon tet, carbon tetrachloride,
carbon-dioxide foam, carbonic acid, cation, caustic, causticity,
cauter, cauterant, cauterizer, cautery, chemical, chemical element,
chemicobiological, chemicoengineering, chemicomineralogical,
chemicophysical, chemurgic, chloric acid, chlorous acid,
chokecherry, choler, choleric, chromic acid, chromoisomer,
citric acid, compound, copolymer, copolymeric, copolymerous,
corroding, corrosive, crab apple, cutting, cyanic acid, deck gun,
deluge set, diethyltryptamine, dill pickle, dimer, dimeric,
dimerous, dimethyltryptamine, discontented, double-edged, driving,
dry, edged, effective, electrocautery, electrochemical, element,
elemental, elementary, embittered, escharotic, extinguisher,
feeling evil, fierce, fire apparatus, fire engine, fire hose,
fire hydrant, fireplug, fluoric acid, foam, foam extinguisher,
forceful, forcible, formic acid, gage, gall, ganja,
gnashing of teeth, grass, green apple, gutsy, hallucinogen,
hard feelings, harsh, hash, hashish, hay, heartburning,
heavy chemicals, hemp, heteromerous, high polymer, homopolymer,
hook-and-ladder, hot iron, hydracid, hydrochloric acid,
hydrocyanic acid, hyperacid, hypochlorous acid, imperative,
impressive, incisive, inorganic chemical, ion, irritating, isomer,
isomerous, joint, kava, keen, lactic acid, ladder pipe, lemon,
lignosulphonic acid, lime, lunar caustic, macrochemical,
macromolecule, malic acid, marijuana, mescal, mescal bean,
mescal button, mescaline, metamer, metameric, mind-altering drug,
mind-blowing drug, mind-expanding drug, molecule, monomer,
monomerous, mordacious, mordant, morning glory seeds, moxa,
muriatic acid, nervous, neutralizer, niacin, nicotinic acid,
nonacid, nose-tickling, oil of vitriol, organic chemical,
out of humor, out of sorts, out of temper, oxalic acid, oxyacid,
pectic acid, penetrating, perboric acid, perchloric acid, peyote,
phenol, phosphoric acid, photochemical, physicochemical,
phytochemical, pickle, picric acid, piercing, piquant, poignant,
polymer, polymeric, pot, potential cautery, powerful, prussic acid,
pseudoisomer, psilocin, psilocybin, psychedelic, psychic energizer,
psychoactive drug, psychochemical, psychotomimetic, pumper, punchy,
pungent, radical, radiochemical, radium, rancor, rancorous,
rankled, rankling, reagent, reefer, resentful, resenting, rigorous,
roach, rough, salicylic acid, scathing, scorching, sensational,
severe, sharp, sinewed, sinewy, slashing, slow burn, snorkel, soda,
sore, soreness, sour, sour balls, sour cream, sour grapes,
sour pickle, sourdough, spleen, splenetic, sprinkler,
sprinkler head, sprinkler system, stabbing, stewing, stick,
stinging, strident, striking, stringent, strong, subacid,
subacidulous, sulfacid, sulfuric acid, super-pumper, tart, tea,
telling, thermochemical, tranquilizer, trenchant, trimer, vehement,
verjuice, vigorous, vinegar, violent, virulence, virulent, vital,
vitriol, vitriolic, water, water cannon, weed, wet blanket,
withering, yogurt

A {mnemonic} for the properties a transaction
should have to satisfy the {Object Management Group}
{Transaction Service} specifications. A transaction should be
{Atomic}, its result should be Consistent, Isolated
(independent of other transactions) and Durable (its effect
should be permanent).

The {Transaction Service} specifications which part of the
{Object Services}, an adjunct to the {CORBA} specifications.

(1997-05-15)



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