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abase    
vt. 降低…的地位,降低…的品格,貶抑

降低…的地位,降低…的品格,貶抑

abase
v 1: cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of; "He humiliated his
colleague by criticising him in front of the boss" [synonym:
{humiliate}, {mortify}, {chagrin}, {humble}, {abase}]

Abase \A*base"\ ([.a]*b[=a]s"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Abased}
([.a]*b[=a]st"); p. pr. & vb. n. {Abasing}.] [F. abaisser,
LL. abassare, abbassare; ad bassare, fr. bassus low. See
{Base}, a.]
[1913 Webster]
1. To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to abase
the eye. [Archaic] --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

Saying so, he abased his lance. --Shelton.
[1913 Webster]

2. To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank, office,
condition in life, or estimation of worthiness; to
depress; to humble; to degrade.
[1913 Webster]

Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased. --Luke
xiv. ll.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: To {Abase}, {Debase}, {Degrade}. These words agree in
the idea of bringing down from a higher to a lower
state. Abase has reference to a bringing down in
condition or feelings; as, to abase the proud, to abase
one's self before God. Debase has reference to the
bringing down of a thing in purity, or making it base.
It is, therefore, always used in a bad sense, as, to
debase the coin of the kingdom, to debase the mind by
vicious indulgence, to debase one's style by coarse or
vulgar expressions. Degrade has reference to a bringing
down from some higher grade or from some standard. Thus,
a priest is degraded from the clerical office. When used
in a moral sense, it denotes a bringing down in
character and just estimation; as, degraded by
intemperance, a degrading employment, etc. "Art is
degraded when it is regarded only as a trade."
[1913 Webster]

34 Moby Thesaurus words for "abase":
abash, bring down, bring low, bump, bust, cast down, cower, cringe,
crush, debase, degrade, demean, demote, deplume, diminish,
disgrade, displume, downgrade, dump, dump on, fawn, grovel, humble,
humiliate, lower, put down, reduce, set down, sink, strip of rank,
take down, toady, trip up, truckle



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