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state    音標拼音: [st'et]
n. 州,國,狀態,情形,國家,政府,領土,國務,社會地位
a. 國家的,正式的

州,國,狀態,情形,國家,政府,領土,國務,社會地位國家的,正式的

state
固態裝置


state
接通狀態


state
"1" 狀態


state
狀態


state
三態

state
狀態 態 地位

state
n 1: the territory occupied by one of the constituent
administrative districts of a nation; "his state is in the
deep south" [synonym: {state}, {province}]
2: the way something is with respect to its main attributes;
"the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health"; "in
a weak financial state"
3: the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign
state; "the state has lowered its income tax"
4: a politically organized body of people under a single
government; "the state has elected a new president"; "African
nations"; "students who had come to the nation's capitol";
"the country's largest manufacturer"; "an industrialized
land" [synonym: {state}, {nation}, {country}, {land},
{commonwealth}, {res publica}, {body politic}]
5: (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids
(fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped
by the container) and gases (filling the container); "the
solid state of water is called ice" [synonym: {state of matter},
{state}]
6: a state of depression or agitation; "he was in such a state
you just couldn't reason with him"
7: the territory occupied by a nation; "he returned to the land
of his birth"; "he visited several European countries" [synonym:
{country}, {state}, {land}]
8: the federal department in the United States that sets and
maintains foreign policies; "the Department of State was
created in 1789" [synonym: {Department of State}, {United States
Department of State}, {State Department}, {State}, {DoS}]
v 1: express in words; "He said that he wanted to marry her";
"tell me what is bothering you"; "state your opinion";
"state your name" [synonym: {state}, {say}, {tell}]
2: put before; "I submit to you that the accused is guilty"
[synonym: {submit}, {state}, {put forward}, {posit}]
3: indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.; "Can you express
this distance in kilometers?" [synonym: {express}, {state}]

State \State\ (st[=a]t), n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. ['e]tat,
fr. L. status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to
stand. See {Stand}, and cf. {Estate}, {Status}.]
1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any
given time.
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State is a term nearly synonymous with "mode," but
of a meaning more extensive, and is not exclusively
limited to the mutable and contingent. --Sir W.
Hamilton.
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Declare the past and present state of things.
--Dryden.
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Keep the state of the question in your eye. --Boyle.
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2. Rank; condition; quality; as, the state of honor.
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Thy honor, state, and seat is due to me. --Shak.
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3. Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous
circumstances; social importance.
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She instructed him how he should keep state, and yet
with a modest sense of his misfortunes. --Bacon.
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Can this imperious lord forget to reign,
Quit all his state, descend, and serve again?
--Pope.
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4. Appearance of grandeur or dignity; pomp.
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Where least of state there most of love is shown.
--Dryden.
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5. A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais;
a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself. [Obs.]
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His high throne, . . . under state
Of richest texture spread. --Milton.
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When he went to court, he used to kick away the
state, and sit down by his prince cheek by jowl.
--Swift.
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6. Estate; possession. [Obs.] --Daniel.
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Your state, my lord, again is yours. --Massinger.
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7. A person of high rank. [Obs.] --Latimer.
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8. Any body of men united by profession, or constituting a
community of a particular character; as, the civil and
ecclesiastical states, or the lords spiritual and temporal
and the commons, in Great Britain. Cf. {Estate}, n., 6.
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9. The principal persons in a government.
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The bold design
Pleased highly those infernal states. --Milton.
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10. The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country;
as, the States-general of Holland.
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11. A form of government which is not monarchial, as a
republic. [Obs.]
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Well monarchies may own religion's name,
But states are atheists in their very fame.
--Dryden.
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12. A political body, or body politic; the whole body of
people who are united under one government, whatever may
be the form of the government; a nation.
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Municipal law is a rule of conduct prescribed by
the supreme power in a state. --Blackstone.
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The Puritans in the reign of Mary, driven from
their homes, sought an asylum in Geneva, where they
found a state without a king, and a church without
a bishop. --R. Choate.
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13. In the United States, one of the commonwealths, or bodies
politic, the people of which make up the body of the
nation, and which, under the national constitution, stand
in certain specified relations with the national
government, and are invested, as commonwealths, with full
power in their several spheres over all matters not
expressly inhibited.
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Note: The term State, in its technical sense, is used in
distinction from the federal system, i. e., the
government of the United States.
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14. Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity
between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between
the increase and the abating of a disease; height; acme.
[Obs.]
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Note: When state is joined with another word, or used
adjectively, it denotes public, or what belongs to the
community or body politic, or to the government; also,
what belongs to the States severally in the American
Union; as, state affairs; state policy; State laws of
Iowa.
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{Nascent state}. (Chem.) See under {Nascent}.

{Secretary of state}. See {Secretary}, n., 3.

{State barge}a royal barge, or a barge belonging to a
government.

{State bed}, an elaborately carved or decorated bed.

{State carriage}, a highly decorated carriage for officials
going in state, or taking part in public processions.

{State paper}, an official paper relating to the interests or
government of a state. --Jay.

{State prison}, a public prison or penitentiary; -- called
also {State's prison}.

{State prisoner}, one in confinement, or under arrest, for a
political offense.

{State rights}, or {States' rights}, the rights of the
several independent States, as distinguished from the
rights of the Federal government. It has been a question
as to what rights have been vested in the general
government. [U.S.]

{State's evidence}. See {Probator}, 2, and under {Evidence}.


{State sword}, a sword used on state occasions, being borne
before a sovereign by an attendant of high rank.

{State trial}, a trial of a person for a political offense.


{States of the Church}. See under {Ecclesiastical}.
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Syn: {State}, {Situation}, {Condition}.

Usage: State is the generic term, and denotes in general the
mode in which a thing stands or exists. The situation
of a thing is its state in reference to external
objects and influences; its condition is its internal
state, or what it is in itself considered. Our
situation is good or bad as outward things bear
favorably or unfavorably upon us; our condition is
good or bad according to the state we are actually in
as respects our persons, families, property, and other
things which comprise our sources of enjoyment.
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I do not, brother,
Infer as if I thought my sister's state
Secure without all doubt or controversy.
--Milton.
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We hoped to enjoy with ease what, in our
situation, might be called the luxuries of life.
--Cook.
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And, O, what man's condition can be worse
Than his whom plenty starves and blessings
curse? --Cowley.
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State \State\ (st[=a]t), a.
1. Stately. [Obs.] --Spenser.
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2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public.
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State \State\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stated}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Stating}.]
1. To set; to settle; to establish. [R.]
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I myself, though meanest stated,
And in court now almost hated. --Wither.
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Who calls the council, states the certain day.
--Pope.
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2. To express the particulars of; to set down in detail or in
gross; to represent fully in words; to narrate; to recite;
as, to state the facts of a case, one's opinion, etc.
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{To state it}. To assume state or dignity. [Obs.] "Rarely
dressed up, and taught to state it." --Beau. & Fl.
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State \State\, n.
A statement; also, a document containing a statement. [R.]
--Sir W. Scott.
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Argillaceous \Ar`gil*la"ceous\, a. [L. argillaceus, fr.
argilla.]
Of the nature of clay; consisting of, or containing, argil or
clay; clayey.
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{Argillaceous sandstone} (Geol.), a sandstone containing much
clay.

{Argillaceous iron ore}, the clay ironstone.

{Argillaceous schist} or {state}. See {Argillite}.
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311 Moby Thesaurus words for "state":
Babylonian splendor, Everyman, John Doe, Kreis, Public, affirm,
air, allege, ally, announce, annunciate, archbishopric,
archdiocese, archduchy, archdukedom, argue, arrondissement,
articulate, assert, assever, asseverate, assign, attitude, aver,
avouch, avow, bailiwick, bishopric, body politic, borough,
brilliance, bring out, buffer state, canton, capacity,
captive nation, ceremonial, character, chieftaincy, chieftainry,
chime in, circumstance, circumstances, citizenry, city, city-state,
civic, civil, claim, colony, come out with, common, common man,
commonweal, commonwealth, communal, commune, community,
community at large, conceive, condition, conditions, confess,
confirm, congressional district, constablewick, constitution,
contend, cosmopolitan, couch, couch in terms, count, country,
county, declare, declare roundly, delineate, deliver, denominate,
departement, describe, designate, determine, dignified, diocese,
district, domain, dominion, duchy, dukedom, earldom, elaborateness,
electoral district, electorate, elegance, elucidate,
embody in words, empery, empire, enunciate, estate, everybody,
everyman, everyone, everywoman, explain, expound, express,
express the belief, federal, fix, folk, folks, footing, form,
formal, formality, formularize, formulate, frame, free city,
general, general public, gentry, give, give expression to,
give notice, give words to, glory, gorgeousness, government,
governmental, grand duchy, grandeur, grandiosity, grandness,
hamlet, have, heraldry, hold, hundred, imperial, imposingness,
impressiveness, indicate, insist, international, interpret,
issue a manifesto, issue a statement, kingdom, land, lavishness,
lay down, luxuriousness, luxury, magistracy, magnificence,
maintain, majestic, majesty, make a statement,
make an announcement, mandant, mandate, mandated territory,
mandatee, mandatory, manifesto, mark, men, mention, metropolis,
metropolitan area, mode, name, narrate, nation, national,
nationality, nobility, nuncupate, oblast, official, okrug,
paragraph, parish, people, people in general, persons, phase,
phrase, pick out, pin down, plushness, point out, polis, polity,
pomp, populace, population, poshness, position, possession,
posture, power, precinct, predicate, present, pride, principality,
principate, proclaim, profess, pronounce, protectorate, protest,
proudness, province, public, publish a manifesto,
puppet government, puppet regime, put, put in words, put it, quote,
realm, recite, regal, region, rehearse, relate, report, republic,
resplendence, rhetorize, riding, ritziness, royal, satellite, say,
select, seneschalty, set, set down, set forth, set out, settlement,
shape, sheriffalty, sheriffwick, shire, shrievalty, signify,
situation, social, societal, society, soke, solemn, solemnity,
sovereign nation, speak, speak out, speak up, specialize, specify,
splendidness, splendiferousness, splendor, stage, stake, stand,
stand for, stand on, state of affairs, state of being, stateliness,
stately, stature, status, stipulate, structure, style, submit,
sultanate, sumptuousness, superpower, supranational, swear, tell,
territory, testify, throw out, toparchia, toparchy, town, township,
utter, vent, ventilate, village, voice, vow, wapentake, ward,
warrant, word, world, you and me

How something is; its
configuration, attributes, condition, or information content.
The state of a system is usually temporary (i.e. it changes
with time) and volatile (i.e. it will be lost or reset to some
initial state if the system is switched off).

A state may be considered to be a point in some {space} of all
possible states. A simple example is a light, which is either
on or off. A complex example is the electrical activation in
a human brain while solving a problem.

In computing and related fields, states, as in the light
example, are often modelled as being {discrete} (rather than
continuous) and the transition from one state to another is
considered to be instantaneous. Another (related) property of
a system is the number of possible states it may exhibit.
This may be finite or infinite. A common model for a system
with a finite number of discrete state is a {finite state
machine}.

[{Jargon File}]

(1996-10-13)

state: n. 1. Condition, situation. “What's the state of your latest
hack?” “It's winning away.” “The system tried to
read and write the disk simultaneously and got into a totally
wedged state.” The standard question
What's your state?” meansWhat are you doing?”
orWhat are you about to do?” Typical answers are
about to gronk out”, orhungry”. Another
standard question isWhat's the state of the world?”, meaning
What's new?” orWhat's going on?”. The more
terse and humorous way of asking these questions would be
State-p?”. Another way of phrasing the first question under
sense 1 would bestate-p latest hack?”.

STATE, condition of persons. This word has various acceptations. If we
inquire into its origin, it will be found to come from the Latin status,
which is derived from the verb stare, sto, whence has been made statio,
which signifies the place where a person is located, stat, to fulfill the
obligations which are imposed upon him.
2. State is that quality which belongs to a person in society, and
which secures to, and imposes upon him different rights and duties in
consequence of the difference of that quality.
3. Although all men come from the hands of nature upon an equality, yet
there are among them marked differences. It is from nature that come the
distinctions of the sexes, fathers and children, of age and youth, &c.
4. The civil or municipal laws of each people, have added to these
natural qualities, distinctions which are purely civil and arbitrary,
founded on the manners of the people, or in the will of the legislature.
Such are the differences, which these laws have established between citizens
and aliens, between magistrates and subjects, and between freemen and
slaves; and those which exist in some countries between nobles and
plebeians, which differences are either unknown or contrary to natural law.
5. Although these latter distinctions are more particularly subject to
the civil or municipal law, because to it they owe their origin, it
nevertheless extends its authority over the natural qualities, not to
destroy or to weaken them, but to confirm them and to render them more
inviolable by positive rules and by certain maxims. This union of the civil
or municipal and natural law, form among men a third species of differences
which may be called mixed, because they participate of both, and derive
their principles from nature and the perfection of the law; for example,
infancy or the privileges which belong to it, have their foundation in
natural law; but the age and the term of these prerogatives are determined
by the civil or municipal law.
6. Three sorts of different qualities which form the state or condition
of men may then be distinguished: those which are purely natural, those
purely civil, and those which are composed of the natural and civil or
municipal law. Vide 3 Bl. Com. 396; 1 Toull. n. 170, 171; Civil State.


STATE, government. This word is used in various senses. In its most enlarged
sense, it signifies a self-sufficient body of persons united together in one
community for the defence of their rights, and to do right and justice to
foreigners. In this sense, the state means the whole people united into one
body politic; (q.v.) and the state, and the people of the state, are
equivalent expressions. 1 Pet. Cond. Rep. 37 to 39; 3 Dall. 93; 2 Dall. 425;
2 Wilson's Lect. 120; Dane's Appx. Sec. 50, p. 63 1 Story, Const. Sec. 361.
In a more limited sense, the word `state' expresses merely the positive or
actual organization of the legislative, or judicial powers; thus the actual
government of the state is designated by the name of the state; hence the
expression, the state has passed such a law, or prohibited such an act.
State also means the section of territory occupied by a state, as the state
of Pennsylvania.
2. By the word state is also meant, more particularly, one of the
commonwealths which form the United States of America. The constitution of
the United States makes the following provisions in relation to the states.
3. Art. 1, s. 9, Sec. 5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles
exported from any state. No preference shall be given by any regulation of
commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another, nor
shall vessels bound to or from one state be obliged to enter, clear, or pay
duties in another.
4.-Sec. 6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence
of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the
receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time
to time.
5.-Sec. 7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States,
and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall,
without the consent of congress, accept of any present, emolument, office,
or title of any kind whatever, from, any king, prince, or foreign state.
6.-Art. 1, s. 10, Sec. 1. No state shall enter into any treaty,
alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender
in payments of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex-post-facto, or law
impairing the obligation of contracts; or grant any title of nobility.
7.-Sec. 2. No state shall, without the consent of congress, lay any
imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely
necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net produce of all
duties and imposts laid by any state on imports or exports shall be for the
use of the treasury of the United States, and all such laws shall be subject
to the revision and control of congress. No state, shall, without the
consent of congress, lay any duty on tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in
time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or
with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such
imminent danger as will not admit of delay.
8. The district of Columbia and the territorial districts of the United
States, are not states within the meaning of the constitution and of the
judiciary act, so as to enable a citizen thereof to sue a citizen of one of
the states in the federal courts. 2 Cranch, 445; 1 Wheat. 91.
9. The several states composing the United States are sovereign and
independent, in all things not surrendered to the national government by the
constitution, and are considered, on general principles, by each other as
foreign states, yet their mutual relations are rather those of domestic
independence, than of foreign alienation. 7 Cranch, 481; 3 Wheat. 324; 1
Greenl. Ev. Sec. 489, 504. Vide, generally, Mr. Madison's report in the
legislature of Virginia, January, 1800; 1 Story's Com. on Const. Sec. 208; 1
Kent, Com. 189, note b; Grotius, B. 1, c. 1, s. 14; Id. B. 3, c. 3, s. 2;
Burlamaqui, vol. 2, pt. 1, c. 4, s. 9; Vattel, B. 1, c. 1; 1 Toull. n. 202,
note 1 Nation; Cicer. de Repub. 1. 1, s. 25.



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