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service    音標拼音: [s'ɚvəs] [s'ɚvɪs]
vt. 維修



服務; 維修 SERV,SRV


n 1: work done by one person or group that benefits another;
"budget separately for goods and services"
2: an act of help or assistance; "he did them a service" [ant:
{disservice}, {ill service}, {ill turn}]
3: the act of public worship following prescribed rules; "the
Sunday service" [synonym: {service}, {religious service}, {divine
4: a company or agency that performs a public service; subject
to government regulation
5: employment in or work for another; "he retired after 30 years
of service"
6: a force that is a branch of the armed forces [synonym: {military
service}, {armed service}, {service}]
7: Canadian writer (born in England) who wrote about life in the
Yukon Territory (1874-1958) [synonym: {Service}, {Robert William
8: a means of serving; "of no avail"; "there's no help for it"
[synonym: {avail}, {help}, {service}]
9: tableware consisting of a complete set of articles (silver or
dishware) for use at table [synonym: {service}, {table service}]
10: the act of mating by male animals; "the bull was worth good
money in servicing fees" [synonym: {servicing}, {service}]
11: (law) the acts performed by an English feudal tenant for the
benefit of his lord which formed the consideration for the
property granted to him
12: (sports) a stroke that puts the ball in play; "his powerful
serves won the game" [synonym: {serve}, {service}]
13: the act of delivering a writ or summons upon someone; "he
accepted service of the subpoena" [synonym: {service},
{serving}, {service of process}]
14: periodic maintenance on a car or machine; "it was time for
an overhaul on the tractor" [synonym: {overhaul}, {inspection
and repair}, {service}]
15: the performance of duties by a waiter or servant; "that
restaurant has excellent service"
v 1: be used by; as of a utility; "The sewage plant served the
neighboring communities"; "The garage served to shelter his
horses" [synonym: {service}, {serve}]
2: make fit for use; "service my truck"; "the washing machine
needs to be serviced"
3: mate with; "male animals serve the females for breeding
purposes" [synonym: {serve}, {service}]

Service \Serv"ice\, n. [OE. servise, OF. servise, service, F.
service, from L. servitium. See {Serve}.]
1. The act of serving; the occupation of a servant; the
performance of labor for the benefit of another, or at
another's command; attendance of an inferior, hired
helper, slave, etc., on a superior, employer, master, or
the like; also, spiritual obedience and love. "O God . . .
whose service is perfect freedom." --Bk. of Com. Prayer.
[1913 Webster]

Madam, I entreat true peace of you,
Which I will purchase with my duteous service.
[1913 Webster]

God requires no man's service upon hard and
unreasonable terms. --Tillotson.
[1913 Webster]

2. The deed of one who serves; labor performed for another;
duty done or required; office.
[1913 Webster]

I have served him from the hour of my nativity, . .
. and have nothing at his hands for my service but
blows. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

This poem was the last piece of service I did for my
master, King Charles. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

To go on the forlorn hope is a service of peril; who
will understake it if it be not also a service of
honor? --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

3. Office of devotion; official religious duty performed;
religious rites appropriate to any event or ceremonial;
as, a burial service.
[1913 Webster]

The outward service of ancient religion, the rites,
ceremonies, and ceremonial vestments of the old law.
[1913 Webster]

4. Hence, a musical composition for use in churches.
[1913 Webster]

5. Duty performed in, or appropriate to, any office or
charge; official function; hence, specifically, military
or naval duty; performance of the duties of a soldier.
[1913 Webster]

When he cometh to experience of service abroad . . .
ne maketh a worthy soldier. --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

6. Useful office; advantage conferred; that which promotes
interest or happiness; benefit; avail.
[1913 Webster]

The stork's plea, when taken in a net, was the
service she did in picking up venomous creatures.
[1913 Webster]

7. Profession of respect; acknowledgment of duty owed. "Pray,
do my service to his majesty." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

8. The act and manner of bringing food to the persons who eat
it; order of dishes at table; also, a set or number of
vessels ordinarily used at table; as, the service was
tardy and awkward; a service of plate or glass.
[1913 Webster]

There was no extraordinary service seen on the
board. --Hakewill.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Law) The act of bringing to notice, either actually or
constructively, in such manner as is prescribed by law;
as, the service of a subp[oe]na or an attachment.
[1913 Webster]

10. (Naut.) The materials used for serving a rope, etc., as
spun yarn, small lines, etc.
[1913 Webster]

11. (Tennis) The act of serving the ball.
[1913 Webster]

12. Act of serving or covering. See {Serve}, v. t., 13.
[1913 Webster]

{Service book}, a prayer book or missal.

{Service line} (Tennis), a line parallel to the net, and at a
distance of 21 feet from it.

{Service of a writ}, {process}, etc. (Law), personal delivery
or communication of the writ or process, etc., to the
party to be affected by it, so as to subject him to its
operation; the reading of it to the person to whom notice
is intended to be given, or the leaving of an attested
copy with the person or his attorney, or at his usual
place of abode.

{Service of an attachment} (Law), the seizing of the person
or goods according to the direction.

{Service of an execution} (Law), the levying of it upon the
goods, estate, or person of the defendant.

{Service pipe}, a pipe connecting mains with a dwelling, as
in gas pipes, and the like. --Tomlinson.

{To accept service}. (Law) See under {Accept}.

{To see service} (Mil.), to do duty in the presence of the
enemy, or in actual war.
[1913 Webster]

Service \Serv"ice\, n., or Service \Serv"ice\ [Properly, the
tree which bears serve, OE. serves, pl., service berries, AS.
syrfe service tree; akin to L. sorbus.] (Bot.)
A name given to several trees and shrubs of the genus
{Pyrus}, as {Pyrus domestica} and {Pyrus torminalis} of
Europe, the various species of mountain ash or rowan tree,
and the American shad bush (see {Shad bush}, under {Shad}).
They have clusters of small, edible, applelike berries.
[1913 Webster]

{Service berry} (Bot.), the fruit of any kind of service
tree. In British America the name is especially applied to
that of the several species or varieties of the shad bush
[1913 Webster]

Rounding \Round"ing\, n.
1. (Naut.) Small rope, or strands of rope, or spun yarn,
wound round a rope to keep it from chafing; -- called also
[1913 Webster]

2. (Phonetics) Modifying a speech sound by contraction of the
lip opening; labializing; labialization. See Guide to
Pronunciation, [sect] 11.
[1913 Webster]

382 Moby Thesaurus words for "service":
American plan, European plan, Mass, a la carte, accommodation,
account, acquiescence, act of grace, act of kindness, action,
active service, activities, activity, advantage, advice, affair,
affairs, agency, aid, air force, allegiance, amenities, antepast,
applicability, appointment, appropriateness, arm, armed forces,
army, assignment, assistance, attendance, avail,
baccalaureate service, bag, ball, be intimate, bedtime prayer,
behalf, behoof, benefaction, benefit, benevolence, benignity,
berth, billet, blessing, bowl, branch, business, busywork,
camp meeting, care, cast, celebration, ceremonial, ceremony,
change of pace, change-up, chare, charge, checking, chore, chuck,
chunk, church, church service, cobble, cohabit, combat,
come together, comfort, commencement, commerce, commission,
commit adultery, compliance, compline, concern, concernment,
condition, conformity, convenience, convocation, copulate, couple,
course, courtesy, couvert, cover, cover charge, curve, darn,
dessert, device, devotions, diddle, dish, dispensation,
divine service, do up, doctor, downcurve, duteousness, dutifulness,
duty, ease, employ, employment, empty formality, engagement,
enterprise, entree, entremets, errand, evening devotions, evensong,
exercise, exercises, expedient, faith, fastball, favor, fealty,
fighting, fish to fry, fitness, fix, fix up, fling, flip, form,
form of worship, formal, formality, formula, formulary, fornicate,
forward pass, frig, function, gear, gig, going between, good deed,
good offices, good turn, grace, graduation, graduation exercises,
handling, have sex, have sexual relations, heave, help, helping,
holy rite, homage, homework, hurl, inaugural, inauguration,
incumbency, incurve, indulgence, inferiority, initiation,
institution, instrumentality, interest, intermediation, job,
job of work, juniority, kind deed, kind offices, kindly act,
kindness, knuckleball, labor, labor of love, lateral, lateral pass,
lauds, lay, lie with, liturgy, lob, lookout, lower status, loyalty,
machinery, maintenance, make it with, make love, make out,
make-work, marines, mate, matins, matter, matters in hand,
mechanism, mediation, meeting, mend, mending, mercy, military,
ministration, ministry, mission, mitzvah, mode of worship,
moonlighting, morning devotions, mount, mummery, mystery,
national service, navy, night song, none, nones, novena, obedience,
obediency, obligation, observance, occupation, odd job, office,
offices, opening, order of worship, ordinance, ordinary, outcurve,
overhaul, pass, patch, patch up, peg, peonage, percentage,
performance, piece of work, pitch, place, plate, point, portion,
position, post, practice, praise meeting, prayer, prayer meeting,
prayers, prescribed form, prime, prime song, profit, project,
protection, public worship, put, put in commission, put in order,
put in repair, put in shape, ready, recap, recondition, recourse,
relevance, relief, religious ceremony, remedy, repair, rescue,
resort, retread, revival, revival meeting, rig, rigging, rite,
rite de passage, rite of passage, ritual, ritual observance,
rituality, ropework, roping, running rigging, sacrament,
sacramental, satellite status, screw, screwball, second helping,
second job, selective service, self-service, serfdom, serve,
serviceability, services, servility, serving, servitium,
servitorship, servitude, set to rights, sew up, sext, shot-put,
shy, sinker, situation, slavery, sleep with, slider, sling,
solemnity, solemnization, spitball, spitter, standing rigging,
station, stint, subjecthood, submission, submissiveness,
subordinacy, subordinate role, subordination, subservience,
subserviency, succor, suit and service, suit service, support,
tackle, tackling, talents, task, tendance, tent meeting, tenure,
therapy, thing, things to do, throw, tierce, tinker, tinker up,
toss, turn, undersong, undertaking, upcurve, usage, use,
usefulness, utility, utilization, vacancy, value, vesper, vespers,
vigils, waiting, watch meeting, watch night, watch-night service,
whipping, willingness, work, worship, worth

Work performed (or offered) by a
{server}. This may mean simply serving simple requests for
data to be sent or stored (as with {file servers}, {gopher} or
{http} servers, {e-mail} servers, {finger} servers, {SQL}
servers, etc.); or it may be more complex work, such as that
of {irc} servers, print servers, {X Windows} servers, or
process servers.

E.g. "Access to the finger {service} is restricted to the
local {subnet}, for security reasons".


SERVICE, feudal law. That duty which the tenant owes to his lord, by reason
of his fee or estate.
2. The services, in respect of their quality, were either free or base,
and in respect of their quantity and the time of exacting them, were either
certain or uncertain. 2 Bl. Com. 62.
3. In the civil law by service is sometimes understood servitude.

SERVICE, practice. To execute a writ or process; as, to serve a writ of
capias signifies to arrest a defendant under the process; Kirby, 48; 2 Aik.
R. 338; 11 Mass. 181; to serve a summons, is to deliver a copy of it at the
house of the party, or to deliver it to him personally, or to read it to
him; notices and other papers are served by delivering the same at the house
of the party, or to him in person.
2. When the service of a writ is prevented by the act of the party on
whom it is to be served, it will, in general, be sufficient if the officer
do everything in his power to serve it. 39 Eng. C. L. R. 431 1 M. & G. 238.

SERVICE, contracts. The being employed to serve another.
2. In cases of seduction, the gist of the action is not injury which
the seducer has inflicted on the parent by destroying his peace of mind, and
the reputation of his child, but for the consequent inability to perform
those services for which she was accountable to her master or her parent who
assumes this character for the purpose Vide Seduction, and 2 Mees. & W. 539;
7 Car. & P. 528.

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