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respiration    音標拼音: [r,ɛspɚ'eʃən]
n. 呼吸,一口氣,呼吸作用

呼吸,一口氣,呼吸作用

respiration
n 1: the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain
energy from organic molecules; processes that take place in
the cells and tissues during which energy is released and
carbon dioxide is produced and absorbed by the blood to be
transported to the lungs [synonym: {respiration}, {internal
respiration}, {cellular respiration}]
2: a single complete act of breathing in and out; "thirty
respirations per minute"
3: the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process
of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon
dioxide by exhalation [synonym: {breathing}, {external
respiration}, {respiration}, {ventilation}]

Respiration \Res`pi*ra"tion\ (r?s`p?*r?"sh?n), n. [L.
respiratio: cf. F. respiration. See {Respire}.]
1. The act of respiring or breathing again, or catching one's
breath.
[1913 Webster]

2. Relief from toil or suffering: rest. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Till the day
Appear of respiration to the just
And vengeance to the wicked. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. Interval; intermission. [Obs.] --Bp. Hall.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Physiol.) The act of resping or breathing; the act of
taking in and giving out air; the aggregate of those
processes bu which oxygen is introduced into the system,
and carbon dioxide, or carbonic acid, removed.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Respiration in the higher animals is divided into:
({a}) Internal respiration, or the interchange of
oxygen and carbonic acid between the cells of the body
and the bathing them, which in one sense is a process
of nutrition. ({b}) External respiration, or the
gaseous interchange taking place in the special
respiratory organs, the lungs. This constitutes
respiration proper. --Gamgee.
[1913 Webster] In the respiration of plants oxygen is
likewise absorbed and carbonic acid exhaled, but in the
light this process is obscured by another process which
goes on with more vigor, in which the plant inhales and
absorbs carbonic acid and exhales free oxygen.
[1913 Webster]

40 Moby Thesaurus words for "respiration":
Aqua-Lung, artificial respiration, aspiration, asthmatic wheeze,
breath, breath of air, breathing, broken wind, cough, exhalation,
expiration, exsufflation, gasp, gulp, hack, hiccup, inhalation,
inhalator, inspiration, insufflation, iron lung,
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, oxygen mask, oxygen tent, pant, puff,
scuba, sigh, sneeze, sniff, sniffle, snore, snoring, snuff,
snuffle, sternutation, stertor, suspiration, wheeze, wind

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