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pawn    音標拼音: [p'ɔn]
n. 典當,抵押物,人質,(象棋)兵
vt. 當掉,以…擔保

典當,抵押物,人質,(象棋)兵當掉,以…擔保

pawn
n 1: an article deposited as security
2: a person used by another to gain an end [synonym: {instrument},
{pawn}, {cat's-paw}]
3: (chess) the least powerful piece; moves only forward and
captures only to the side; it can be promoted to a more
powerful piece if it reaches the 8th rank
4: borrowing and leaving an article as security for repayment of
the loan
v 1: leave as a guarantee in return for money; "pawn your
grandfather's gold watch" [synonym: {pawn}, {soak}, {hock}]

Pawn \Pawn\, n.
See {Pan}, the masticatory.
[1913 Webster]


Pawn \Pawn\, n. [OE. paune, poun, OF. peon, poon, F. pion, LL.
pedo a foot soldier, fr. L. pes, pedis, foot. See {Foot}, and
cf. {Pioneer}, {Peon}.] (Chess)
A man or piece of the lowest rank.
[1913 Webster]


Pawn \Pawn\, n. [OF. pan pledge, assurance, skirt, piece, F. pan
skirt, lappet, piece, from L. pannus. See {Pane}.]
1. Anything delivered or deposited as security, as for the
payment of money borrowed, or of a debt; a pledge. See
{Pledge}, n., 1.
[1913 Webster]

As for mortgaging or pawning, . . . men will not
take pawns without use [i. e., interest]. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

2. State of being pledged; a pledge for the fulfillment of a
promise. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

Redeem from broking pawn the blemish'd crown.
--Shak.
[1913 Webster]

As the morning dew is a pawn of the evening fatness.
--Donne.
[1913 Webster]

3. A stake hazarded in a wager. [Poetic]
[1913 Webster]

My life I never held but as a pawn
To wage against thy enemies. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{In pawn}, {At pawn}, in the state of being pledged. "Sweet
wife, my honor is at pawn." --Shak.

{Pawn shop}, a shop where a pawnbroker does business.

{Pawn ticket}, a receipt given by the pawnbroker for an
article pledged.
[1913 Webster]


Pawn \Pawn\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Pawned}; p. pr. & vb. n.
{Pawning}.]
1. To give or deposit in pledge, or as security for the
payment of money borrowed; to put in pawn; to pledge; as,
to pawn one's watch.

Syn: hock [colloq].
[1913 Webster]

And pawned the last remaining piece of plate.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. To pledge for the fulfillment of a promise; to stake; to
risk; to wager; to hazard.
[1913 Webster]

Pawning his honor to obtain his lust. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

120 Moby Thesaurus words for "pawn":
Charlie McCarthy, agent, ancilla, appliance, assurance, bail,
bishop, bond, borrow, bottomry, castle, chance, chessman, cog,
collateral, commonality, commonalty, contrivance, creature,
deposit, device, dip, dummy, dupe, earnest, earnest money, escrow,
float a loan, flunky, follower, gage, gamble, get a loan,
get on credit, go bail, go-between, guarantee, guaranty, handmaid,
handmaiden, handsel, hazard, hit one for, hit up, hock, hoi polloi,
hostage, hypothecate, impignorate, implement, inferior, instrument,
interagent, intermediary, intermediate, intermedium, jeopardize,
junior, king, knight, lever, lightweight, lower class,
lower orders, mainprise, man, masses, mechanism, mediator, medium,
midwife, minion, mortgage, negotiate a loan, organ, piece, pignus,
plaything, pledge, plight, pop, post, puppet, put in hock,
put in pawn, put up, queen, raise money, recognizance, replevin,
replevy, risk, rook, run into debt, second fiddle, secondary,
security, servant, slave, spout, stake, stooge, subaltern,
subordinate, surety, third stringer, token, token payment, tool,
touch, toy, underling, understrapper, undertaking, vadimonium,
vadium, vehicle, venture, warrant, yes-man



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