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Massachusetts    音標拼音: [m,æsətʃ'usəts]
n. 麻薩諸塞州

麻薩諸塞州

Massachusetts
n 1: a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies
[synonym: {Massachusetts}, {Bay State}, {Old Colony}, {MA}]
2: a member of the Algonquian people who formerly lived around
Massachusetts Bay [synonym: {Massachuset}, {Massachusetts}]
3: one of the British colonies that formed the United States
[synonym: {Massachusetts}, {Massachusetts Bay Colony}]
4: the Algonquian language of the Massachuset [synonym:
{Massachuset}, {Massachusetts}]

MASSACHUSETTS. One of the original states of the United States of America.
The colony or province of Massachusetts was included in a charter granted by
James the First, by which its territories were extended in breadth from the
40th to the 48th degree of north latitude, and in length by all the breadth
aforesaid throughout the mainland from sea to sea. This charter continued
until 1684. Holmes' Annals, 412; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 71. In 1691 William
and Mary granted a new charter to the colony, and henceforth it became known
as a province, and continued to act under this charter till after the
Revolution. 1 Story, Const. Sec. 71.
2. The constitution of Massachusetts was adopted by a convention begun
and held at Cambridge, on the first of September, 1779, and continued, by
adjournment, to the second of March, 1780.
3. The style and name of the state is The Commonwealth of
Massachusetts. The government is distributed into a legislative, executive
and judicial power.
4.-1st. The department of legislation is formed by two branches, a
senate and house of representatives, each of which has a negative on the
other, and both are styled The General Court of Massachusetts. Part 2, c. 1,
s. 1.
5.-1. The senate is elected by the qualified electors, and is
composed of forty persons to be counsellors and senators for the year
ensuing their election. Part 2, c. 1, s. 2, art. 1.
6.-2. The House of representatives is composed of an indefinite
number of persons elected by the towns in proportion to their population.
Part 2, c. 1, s. 3, art. 2.
7.-2d. The executive power is vested in a governor, lieutenant
governor and council.
8.-1. The supreme executive magistrate is styled The Governor of the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He is elected yearly by the qualified
electors. Part 2, c. 2, s. 1. He is invested with the veto power. Part 2, c.
1, s. 1, art. 2.
9.-2. The electors are required to elect annually a lieutenant
governor. When the office of governor happens to be vacant he acts as
governor, and at other times he is a member of the council. Part 2, c. 2, s.
2, art. 2 and 3.
10.-3. The council consists of nine persons chosen annually by the
general court; they mast be taken from those returned for counsellors and
senators, unless they will not accept the said office, when they shall be
chosen from the people at large. The council shall advise the governor in
the executive part of the government. Part 2, c. 2, s. 3, art. 1 and 2.
11.-3d. The judicial power. The third chapter of part second of the
constitution makes the following provisions in relation to the judiciary:
Art. 1. The tenure that all commissioned officers shall, by law, have in
their office, shall be expressed in their respective commissions; all
judicial officers, duly appointed, commissioned, and sworn, shall hold their
offices during good behaviour; excepting such concerning whom there is
different provision made in this constitution; Provided, nevertheless, the
governor, with consent of the council, may remove them upon the address of
both houses of the legislature.
12.-2. Each branch of the legislature, as well as the governor and
council, shall have authority to require the opinions of the justices of the
supreme judicial court, upon important questions of law, and upon solemn
occasions.
13.-3. In order that the people may not suffer from the long
continuance in place of any justice of the peace, who shall fail of
discharging the important duties of his office with ability or fidelity, all
commissions of justices of the peace shall expire and become void in the
term of seven years from their respective dates; and upon the expiration of
any commission, the same may, if necessary, be renewed, or another person
appointed, as shall most conduce to the well-being of the commonwealth.
14.-4. The judges of probates of wills, and for granting letters of
administration, shall hold their courts at such place or places, on fixed
days, as the convenience of the people may require; and the legislature
shall, from time to time hereafter, appoint such times and places: until
which appointments, the said courts shall be holden at the times and places
which the respective judges shall direct.
15.-5. All causes of marriage, divorce, and alimony, and all appeals
from the judges of probate, shall be heard and determined by the governor
and council, until the legislature shall, by law, make other provision.

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