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Iowa    音標拼音: ['ɑɪəwə] ['ɑɪoə]
n. 愛荷華州,美國中西部之一州

愛荷華州,美國中西部之一州

Iowa
n 1: a member of the Siouan people formerly living in Iowa and
Minnesota and Missouri [synonym: {Iowa}, {Ioway}]
2: a state in midwestern United States [synonym: {Iowa}, {Hawkeye
State}, {IA}]
3: a dialect of the Chiwere language spoken by the Iowa [synonym:
{Iowa}, {Ioway}]

Iowas \I"o*was\, n. pl.; sing. {Iowa}. (Ethnol.)
A tribe of Indians which formerly occupied the region now
included in the State of Iowa.
[1913 Webster]

IOWA. The name of one of the new states of the United States of America.
2. This state was admitted into the Union by the act of congress,
approved the 3d day of March, 1845.
3. The powers of the government are divided into three separate
departments, the legislative, the executive, and judicial and no person
charged with the exercise of power properly belonging to one of these
departments, shall exercise any function appertaining to either of the
others, except in cases provided for in the constitution.
4.-I. The legislative authority of this state is vested in a senate
and house of representatives , which are designated the general assembly of
the state of Iowa.
5.-1. Of the senate. This will be considered with reference, 1. To
the qualifications of the electors. 2. The qualifications of the members. 3.
The length of time for which they are elected. 4. The time of their
election. 5. The number of senators.
6.-1. Every white. male citizen of the United States, of the age of
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of the state six months
next preceding the election, and the county, in which he claims his vote
twenty days, shall be entitled to vote at all elections which are how or
hereafter may be authorized by law. But with this exception, that no person
in the military, naval, or marine service of the United States, shall be
considered a resident of this state, by being stationed in any garrison,
barrack, military or naval place or station within this state. And no idiot
or insane person, or person convicted of any infamous crime, shall be
entitled to the privilege of an elector. Art. 3.
7.-2. Senators must be twenty-five years of age, be free white male
citizens of the United States, and have been inhabitants of the state or
territory one, year next preceding their election; and, at the time of their
elections have an actual residence of thirty days in the county or district
they may be chosen to represent. Art. 4, s. 5.
8.-3. The senators are elected for four years. They are so classed
that one-half are renewed every two years. Art. 4, s. 5.
9.-4. They are chosen every second year, on the first Monday in
August. Art. 4, B. 3.
10.-5. The number of senators; is not less than one-third, nor more
than one-half the representative body. Art. 4, s. 6.
11.- 2. Of the house of representatives. This will be considered in the
same order which has been observed with regard to the senate.
12.-1. The electors qualified to vote for senators are electors of
members of the house of representatives.
13.-2. No person shall be a member of the house of representatives who
shall not have attained the age of twenty-one years; be a free male white
citizen of the United States, and have been an inhabitant of the state or
territory one year next preceding his election; and at the time of his
election have an actual residence of thirty days in the county or district
he may be chosen to represent. Art. 4, s. 4.
14.-3. Members of the house of representatives are chosen, for two
years. Art. 4, s. 3.
15.-4. They are elected at the same time that senators are elected.
16.-5. The number of representatives is not limited.
17. The two houses have respectively the following power's. Each house
has power: To choose its own officers, and judge of the qualification of
its members. To sit upon its adjournments; keep a journal of its proceedings
and publish the same; punish members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the
consent of two-thirds, expel a member but not a second time for the same
offence; and shall have all other power necessary for a branch of the
general assembly of a free and independent state.
18. The house of representatives has the power of impeachment, and the
senate is a court for the trial of persons impeached.
19.-II. The supreme executive power is vested in a chief magistrate,
who is called the governor of the state of Iowa. Art. 5, s. 1.
20. The governor shall be elected by the qualified electors, at the time
and place of voting for members of the general assembly, and hold his office
for four years from the time of his installation, and until his successor
shall be duly qualified. Art. 5, s. 2.
21. No person shall be eligible to the office of governor, who is not a
citizen of the United States, a resident of the state two years next
preceding his election, and attained the age of thirty-five years at the
time of holding said election. Art. 5, s. 3.
22. Various powers are conferred on the governor among others, he shall
be commander-in-chief of the militia, army, and navy of the state; transact
executive business with the officers of the government; see that the laws
are faithfully executed; fill vacancies by granting temporary commissions on
extraordinary occasions convene the general assembly by proclamation;
communicate by message with the general assembly at every session adjourn
the two houses when they cannot agree upon the time of an adjournment; may
grant reprieves and pardons, and commute punishments after conviction,
except in cases of impeachment shall be keeper of the great seal; and sign
all commissions. He is also invested with the veto power.
23. When there is a vacancy in the office of governor, or in case of his
impeachment, the duties of his office shall devolve on the secretary of
state; on his default, on the president of the senate and if the president
cannot act, on the speaker of the house of representatives.
24.-III. The judicial power shall be vested in a supreme court,
district courts, and such inferior courts as the general assembly may, from
time to time, establish. Art. 6, s. 1.
25.-1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and two
associates, two of whom shall be a quorum to hold court. Art. 6, s. 2.
26. The judges of the supreme court shall be elected by joint ballot of
both branches of the general assembly, and shall hold their courts at such
time and place as the general assembly may direct, and hold their office for
six years, and until their successors are elected and qualified, and shall
be ineligible to any other office during the term for which they may be
elected Art. 6, s. 3.
27. The supreme court shall have appellate jurisdiction only in all
eases in chancery, and shall constitute a court for the correction of errors
at law, under such restrictions as tho general assembly may by law
prescribe. It shall have power to issue all writs and process necessary to
do justice to parties, and exercise a supervisory control over all inferior
judicial tribunals, and the judges of the supreme court shall be
conservators of the peace throughout the state. Art. 6, s. 3.
28.-2. The district court shall consist of a judge who shall be
elected by the qualified electors of the district in which he resides, at
the township election, and hold his office for the term of five years, and
until his successor is duly elected and qualified, and shall be ineligible
to any other office during the term for which he may be elected.
29. The district court shall be a court of law and equity, and have
jurisdiction in all civil and criminal matters arising in their respective
districts, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law. The judges of the
district courts shall be conservators of the peace in their respective
districts. The first general assembly shall divide the state into four
districts, which may be increased as the exigencies require. Art. 6, s. 4.

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