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horse    音標拼音: [h'ɔrs]
n. 馬,騎兵,腳架
vi. 騎馬,取笑
vt. 使騎馬,系馬于

馬,騎兵,腳架騎馬,取笑使騎馬,系馬於

horse
*馬力

horse
n 1: solid-hoofed herbivorous quadruped domesticated since
prehistoric times [synonym: {horse}, {Equus caballus}]
2: a padded gymnastic apparatus on legs [synonym: {horse},
{gymnastic horse}]
3: troops trained to fight on horseback; "500 horse led the
attack" [synonym: {cavalry}, {horse cavalry}, {horse}]
4: a framework for holding wood that is being sawed [synonym:
{sawhorse}, {horse}, {sawbuck}, {buck}]
5: a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move
two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa)
[synonym: {knight}, {horse}]
v 1: provide with a horse or horses

Footrope \Foot"rope`\, n. (Aut.)
(a) The rope rigged below a yard, upon which men stand when
reefing or furling; -- formerly called a {horse}.
(b) That part of the boltrope to which the lower edge of a
sail is sewed.
[1913 Webster]


Horse \Horse\ (h[^o]rs), n. [AS. hors; akin to OS. hros, D. &
OHG. ros, G. ross, Icel. hross; and perh. to L. currere to
run, E. course, current Cf. {Walrus}.]
1. (Zool.) A hoofed quadruped of the genus {Equus};
especially, the domestic horse ({Equus caballus}), which
was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period.
It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with
six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below.
The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or
wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having
a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base.
Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all
its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility,
courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for
drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Many varieties, differing in form, size, color, gait,
speed, etc., are known, but all are believed to have
been derived from the same original species. It is
supposed to have been a native of the plains of Central
Asia, but the wild species from which it was derived is
not certainly known. The feral horses of America are
domestic horses that have run wild; and it is probably
true that most of those of Asia have a similar origin.
Some of the true wild Asiatic horses do, however,
approach the domestic horse in several characteristics.
Several species of fossil ({Equus}) are known from the
later Tertiary formations of Europe and America. The
fossil species of other genera of the family
{Equid[ae]} are also often called horses, in general
sense.
[1913 Webster]

2. The male of the genus {Equus}, in distinction from the
female or male; usually, a castrated male.
[1913 Webster]

3. Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural
termination; as, a regiment of horse; -- distinguished
from {foot}.
[1913 Webster]

The armies were appointed, consisting of twenty-five
thousand horse and foot. --Bacon.
[1913 Webster]

4. A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a
clotheshorse, a sawhorse, etc.
[1913 Webster]

5. A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers
were made to ride for punishment.
[1913 Webster]

6. Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a
horse; a hobby.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Mining) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same
character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a
vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse -- said of a
vein -- is to divide into branches for a distance.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Naut.)
(a) See {Footrope}, a.
(b) A breastband for a leadsman.
(c) An iron bar for a sheet traveler to slide upon.
(d) A jackstay. --W. C. Russell. --Totten.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Student Slang)
(a) A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or
examination; -- called also {trot}, {pony}, {Dobbin}.
(b) Horseplay; tomfoolery.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

10. {heroin}. [slang]
[PJC]

11. {horsepower}. [Colloq. contraction]
[PJC]

Note: Horse is much used adjectively and in composition to
signify of, or having to do with, a horse or horses,
like a horse, etc.; as, horse collar, horse dealer or
horse?dealer, horsehoe, horse jockey; and hence, often
in the sense of strong, loud, coarse, etc.; as,
horselaugh, horse nettle or horse-nettle, horseplay,
horse ant, etc.
[1913 Webster]

{Black horse}, {Blood horse}, etc. See under {Black}, etc.

{Horse aloes}, caballine aloes.

{Horse ant} (Zool.), a large ant ({Formica rufa}); -- called
also {horse emmet}.

{Horse artillery}, that portion of the artillery in which the
cannoneers are mounted, and which usually serves with the
cavalry; flying artillery.

{Horse balm} (Bot.), a strong-scented labiate plant
({Collinsonia Canadensis}), having large leaves and
yellowish flowers.

{Horse bean} (Bot.), a variety of the English or Windsor bean
({Faba vulgaris}), grown for feeding horses.

{Horse boat}, a boat for conveying horses and cattle, or a
boat propelled by horses.

{Horse bot}. (Zool.) See {Botfly}, and {Bots}.

{Horse box}, a railroad car for transporting valuable horses,
as hunters. [Eng.]

{Horse breaker} or {Horse trainer}, one employed in subduing
or training horses for use.

{Horse car}.
(a) A railroad car drawn by horses. See under {Car}.
(b) A car fitted for transporting horses.

{Horse cassia} (Bot.), a leguminous plant ({Cassia
Javanica}), bearing long pods, which contain a black,
catharic pulp, much used in the East Indies as a horse
medicine.

{Horse cloth}, a cloth to cover a horse.

{Horse conch} (Zool.), a large, spiral, marine shell of the
genus Triton. See {Triton}.

{Horse courser}.
(a) One that runs horses, or keeps horses for racing.
--Johnson.
(b) A dealer in horses. [Obs.] --Wiseman.

{Horse crab} (Zool.), the Limulus; -- called also
{horsefoot}, {horsehoe crab}, and {king crab}.

{Horse crevall['e]} (Zool.), the cavally.

{Horse emmet} (Zool.), the horse ant.

{Horse finch} (Zool.), the chaffinch. [Prov. Eng.]

{Horse gentian} (Bot.), fever root.

{Horse iron} (Naut.), a large calking iron.

{Horse latitudes}, a space in the North Atlantic famous for
calms and baffling winds, being between the westerly winds
of higher latitudes and the trade winds. --Ham. Nav.
Encyc.

{Horse mackrel}. (Zool.)
(a) The common tunny ({Orcynus thunnus}), found on the
Atlantic coast of Europe and America, and in the
Mediterranean.
(b) The bluefish ({Pomatomus saltatrix}).
(c) The scad.
(d) The name is locally applied to various other fishes,
as the California hake, the black candlefish, the
jurel, the bluefish, etc.

{Horse marine} (Naut.), an awkward, lubbery person; one of a
mythical body of marine cavalry. [Slang]

{Horse mussel} (Zool.), a large, marine mussel ({Modiola
modiolus}), found on the northern shores of Europe and
America.

{Horse nettle} (Bot.), a coarse, prickly, American herb, the
{Solanum Carolinense}.

{Horse parsley}. (Bot.) See {Alexanders}.

{Horse purslain} (Bot.), a coarse fleshy weed of tropical
America ({Trianthema monogymnum}).

{Horse race}, a race by horses; a match of horses in running
or trotting.

{Horse racing}, the practice of racing with horses.

{Horse railroad}, a railroad on which the cars are drawn by
horses; -- in England, and sometimes in the United States,
called a {tramway}.

{Horse run} (Civil Engin.), a device for drawing loaded
wheelbarrows up an inclined plane by horse power.

{Horse sense}, strong common sense. [Colloq. U.S.]

{Horse soldier}, a cavalryman.

{Horse sponge} (Zool.), a large, coarse, commercial sponge
({Spongia equina}).

{Horse stinger} (Zool.), a large dragon fly. [Prov. Eng.]

{Horse sugar} (Bot.), a shrub of the southern part of the
United States ({Symplocos tinctoria}), whose leaves are
sweet, and good for fodder.

{Horse tick} (Zool.), a winged, dipterous insect ({Hippobosca
equina}), which troubles horses by biting them, and
sucking their blood; -- called also {horsefly}, {horse
louse}, and {forest fly}.

{Horse vetch} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Hippocrepis}
({Hippocrepis comosa}), cultivated for the beauty of its
flowers; -- called also {horsehoe vetch}, from the
peculiar shape of its pods.

{Iron horse}, a locomotive. [Colloq.]

{Salt horse}, the sailor's name for salt beef.

{To look a gift horse in the mouth}, to examine the mouth of
a horse which has been received as a gift, in order to
ascertain his age; -- hence, to accept favors in a
critical and thankless spirit. --Lowell.

{To take horse}.
(a) To set out on horseback. --Macaulay.
(b) To be covered, as a mare.
(c) See definition 7 (above).
[1913 Webster]


Horse \Horse\ (h[^o]rs), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Horsed}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Horsing}.] [AS. horsion.]
1. To provide with a horse, or with horses; to mount on, or
as on, a horse. "Being better horsed, outrode me." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. To sit astride of; to bestride. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. To mate with (a mare); -- said of the male.
[1913 Webster]

4. To take or carry on the back; as, the keeper, horsing a
deer. --S. Butler.
[1913 Webster]

5. To place on the back of another, or on a wooden horse,
etc., to be flogged; to subject to such punishment.
[1913 Webster]


Horse \Horse\, v. i.
To get on horseback. [Obs.] --Shelton.
[1913 Webster]

444 Moby Thesaurus words for "horse":
Al Borak, American trotter, Amytal, Amytal pill, Angora goat,
Appaloosa, Arabian, Arctic fox, Barb, Barbary horse, Belgian,
Belgian hare, Black Beauty, Caffre cat, Citation, Cleveland Bay,
Demerol, Dolophine, French coach horse, Galloway, Gibraltar, H,
Hambletonian, Houyhnhnm, Indian buffalo, Indian club, Kelso,
Kodiak bear, Luminal, Luminal pill, M, Mickey Finn, Nashua,
Native Dancer, Nembutal, Nembutal pill, Pegasus, Rosinante,
Seconal, Seconal pill, Secretariat, Shetland, Shetland pony, Shire,
Siberian husky, Silver, Suffolk, Swaps, Topper, Tuinal,
Tuinal pill, Turk, Virginia deer, Whirlaway, White Surrey,
aardvark, aardwolf, act up, alcohol, alpaca, amobarbital sodium,
analgesic, anodyne, anteater, antelope, antelope chipmunk, aoudad,
apar, armadillo, ass, aurochs, badger, bandicoot, barb, barbell,
barbiturate, barbiturate pill, bassarisk, bat, bear,
beast of burden, beaver, bettong, binturong, bison, black bear,
black buck, black cat, black fox, black sheep, black stuff, blue,
blue angel, blue devil, blue fox, blue heaven, blue velvet, bobcat,
brood mare, brown bear, brush deer, brush wolf, buck, buffalo,
buffalo wolf, burro, burro deer, cachalot, calmative, camel,
camelopard, capybara, carabao, caribou, carpincho, carry on, cat,
cat-a-mountain, catamount, cattalo, cavy, chamois, charger,
cheetah, chevrotain, chinchilla, chipmunk, chloral hydrate,
cinnamon bear, clotheshorse, codeine, codeine cough syrup, colt,
coon, coon cat, cotton mouse, cotton rat, cougar, courser, cow,
coyote, coypu, critter, cut up, deer, deer tiger, depressant,
depressor, dingo, dobbin, dog, dolly, donkey, dormouse, downer,
draft animal, dromedary, dumbbell, echidna, eland, elephant, elk,
entire, entire horse, equine, ermine, exerciser, eyra, fallow deer,
ferret, field mouse, filly, fisher, fitch, flying phalanger, foal,
foumart, fox, fox squirrel, gazelle, gelding, gemsbok, genet,
giraffe, glutton, gnu, gnu goat, goat, goat antelope, goofball,
gopher, grizzly bear, ground squirrel, groundhog, guanaco,
guinea pig, hamster, hard stuff, hare, harnessed antelope,
hartebeest, heart of oak, hedgehog, heroin, hippopotamus, hog, hop,
horse, horseplay, husky, hyena, hypnotic, hyrax, ibex, iron,
jackal, jackass, jackrabbit, jaguar, jaguarundi, jennet, jerboa,
jerboa kangaroo, junk, kaama, kangaroo, kangaroo mouse,
kangaroo rat, karakul, kinkajou, kit fox, knockout drops, koala,
lapin, laudanum, lemming, leopard, leopard cat, lion, liquor,
llama, long horse, lotus, lynx, malamute, mammoth, mara, mare,
marmot, marten, mastodon, meerkat, meperidine, methadone, mink,
mole, mongoose, moose, morphia, morphine, mouflon, mount,
mountain goat, mountain lion, mountain sheep, mouse, mule,
mule deer, muntjac, musk deer, musk hog, musk-ox, muskrat,
musquash, nag, nails, narcotic, nilgai, nutria, oak, ocelot, okapi,
onager, oont, opiate, opium, opossum, otter, ounce, ox, pacifier,
pack horse, pack rat, pain killer, painter, palomino, panda,
pangolin, panther, parallel bars, paregoric, peccary, peludo,
pen yan, phalanger, phenobarbital, phenobarbital sodium, pig,
pine mouse, platypus, pocket gopher, pocket mouse, pocket rat,
polar bear, polar fox, polecat, porcupine, possum, pouched rat,
poyou, prairie dog, prairie wolf, prancer, pronghorn, puma,
punching bag, purple heart, quarter horse, quietener, rabbit,
raccoon, rainbow, rat, red, red deer, red squirrel, reindeer,
rhinoceros, rings, rock, roe, roe deer, roebuck, rowing machine,
sable, saddle horse, sawbuck, sawhorse, scag, secobarbital sodium,
sedative, serval, sheep, shit, shrew, shrew mole, side horse, sika,
silver fox, skunk, sledge dog, sleep-inducer, sleeper,
sleeping draught, sleeping pill, smack, snowshoe rabbit,
sodium thiopental, somnifacient, soother, soothing syrup,
soporific, springbok, squirrel, stallion, steed, steel, stoat,
stud, studhorse, sumpter, sumpter horse, sumpter mule, suslik,
swamp rabbit, swine, takin, tamandua, tamarin, tapir, tar, tarpan,
tatou, tatou peba, tatouay, thoroughbred, tiger, tiger cat,
timber wolf, top horse, trampoline, tranquilizer, trapeze,
tree shrew, trestle, trestle and table, trestle board,
trestle table, trestlework, trestling, turps, urus, vole, wallaby,
war-horse, warthog, water buffalo, waterbuck, weasel, weight,
wharf rat, whistler, white fox, white stuff, wild ass, wild boar,
wild goat, wild horse, wild ox, wildcat, wildebeest, wolf,
wolverine, wombat, wood rat, woodchuck, woolly mammoth, workhorse,
yak, yellow, yellow jacket, zebra, zebu, zoril

Horse
always referred to in the Bible in connection with warlike
operations, except Isa. 28:28. The war-horse is described Job
39:19-25. For a long period after their settlement in Canaan the
Israelites made no use of horses, according to the prohibition,
Deut. 17:16. David was the first to form a force of cavalry (2
Sam. 8:4). But Solomon, from his connection with Egypt, greatly
multiplied their number (1 Kings 4:26; 10:26, 29). After this,
horses were freely used in Israel (1 Kings 22:4; 2 Kings 3:7;
9:21, 33; 11:16). The furniture of the horse consisted simply of
a bridle (Isa. 30:28) and a curb (Ps. 32:9).



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