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engine    音標拼音: ['ɛndʒən] ['ɪndʒən]
n. 引擎,發動機,機車,機械
vt. 安裝發動機于

引擎,發動機,機車,機械安裝發動機於

engine
發動機

engine
機 引擎

engine
n 1: motor that converts thermal energy to mechanical work
2: something used to achieve a purpose; "an engine of change"
3: a wheeled vehicle consisting of a self-propelled engine that
is used to draw trains along railway tracks [synonym:
{locomotive}, {engine}, {locomotive engine}, {railway
locomotive}]
4: an instrument or machine that is used in warfare, such as a
battering ram, catapult, artillery piece, etc.; "medieval
engines of war"

Engine \En"gine\ ([e^]n"j[i^]n), n. [F. engin skill, machine,
engine, L. ingenium natural capacity, invention; in in the
root of gignere to produce. See {Genius}, and cf.
{Ingenious}, {Gin} a snare.]
1.

Note: (Pronounced, in this sense, [e^]n*j[=e]n".) Natural
capacity; ability; skill. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

A man hath sapiences three,
Memory, engine, and intellect also. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

2. Anything used to effect a purpose; any device or
contrivance; a machine; an agent. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

You see the ways the fisherman doth take
To catch the fish; what engines doth he make?
--Bunyan.
[1913 Webster]

Their promises, enticements, oaths, tokens, and all
these engines of lust. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. Any instrument by which any effect is produced;
especially, an instrument or machine of war or torture.
"Terrible engines of death." --Sir W. Raleigh.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mach.) A compound machine by which any physical power is
applied to produce a given physical effect.
[1913 Webster]

{Engine driver}, one who manages an engine; specifically, the
engineer of a locomotive.

{Engine lathe}. (Mach.) See under {Lathe}.

{Engine tool}, a machine tool. --J. Whitworth.

{Engine turning} (Fine Arts), a method of ornamentation by
means of a rose engine.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The term engine is more commonly applied to massive
machines, or to those giving power, or which produce
some difficult result. Engines, as motors, are
distinguished according to the source of power, as
steam engine, air engine, electro-magnetic engine; or
the purpose on account of which the power is applied,
as fire engine, pumping engine, locomotive engine; or
some peculiarity of construction or operation, as
single-acting or double-acting engine, high-pressure or
low-pressure engine, condensing engine, etc.
[1913 Webster]


Engine \En"gine\, v. t.
1. To assault with an engine. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

To engine and batter our walls. --T. Adams.
[1913 Webster]

2. To equip with an engine; -- said especially of steam
vessels; as, vessels are often built by one firm and
engined by another.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Pronounced, in this sense, ?????.) To rack; to torture.
[Obs.] --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

114 Moby Thesaurus words for "engine":
AC motor, Corliss engine, Otto engine, Wankel engine, aeromotor,
air engine, alembic, anvil, apparatus, appliance, arc-jet engine,
axial-flow turbojet, beam engine, bearings, blowing engine, boiler,
caldron, cam, cam engine, camshaft, capacitor motor,
commutator motor, compensated motor, compound motor,
condensing engine, connecting rod, convenience, crankcase,
crankshaft, crucible, cylinder, cylinder head, diagonal engine,
differential, direct-acting engine, donkey engine, drive, dynamo,
dynamotor, electric motor, enginery, facility, fire engine,
fixture, flywheel, gas jet, gas turbine engine, gearbox, gears,
generator, hot-air engine, hydraulic engine, hydro-jet,
impulse duct engine, inverted engine, ion engine, ion rocket, jet,
lathe, locomotive, machine, machinery, mechanical aid,
mechanical device, mechanism, melting pot, mortar, motive power,
motor, outboard motor, pancake engine, piston, piston engine,
piston rod, piston-valve engine, plasma engine, portable engine,
power plant, power source, propeller-jet engine, propjet,
pulse-jet engine, pumping engine, radial engine, ramjet,
ramjet engine, reciprocating engine, refrigerating engine,
resojet engine, retort, rocket engine, rocket motor, rotary engine,
rotary-piston engine, rotor motor, servomotor, shunt motor,
steam engine, supercharged engine, synchronous motor, test tube,
three-phase motor, traction engine, transducer, transformer,
transmission, turbine, turbojet, turbojet engine, turboprop,
utility, variable-speed motor, vernier engine, vertical engine

1. A piece of {hardware} that encapsulates some
function but can't be used without some kind of {front end}.
Today we have, especially, "{print engine}": the guts of a
{laser printer}.

2. An analogous piece of software; notionally, one that does a
lot of noisy {crunching}, such as a "database engine", or
"{search engine}".

The hackish senses of "engine" are actually close to its
original, pre-Industrial-Revolution sense of a skill, clever
device, or instrument (the word is cognate to "ingenuity").
This sense had not been completely eclipsed by the modern
connotation of power-transducing machinery in {Charles
Babbage}'s time, which explains why he named the
stored-program computer that he designed in 1844 the
"{Analytical Engine}".

[{Jargon File}]

(1996-05-31)



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