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division    音標拼音: [dɪv'ɪʒən]
n. C部分,部門,科,處;U分,分開;U

C部分,部門,科,處;U分,分開;U

division
除法; 部分 DIV

division
部門 劃分 除

division
n 1: an army unit large enough to sustain combat; "two infantry
divisions were held in reserve"
2: one of the portions into which something is regarded as
divided and which together constitute a whole; "the written
part of the exam"; "the finance section of the company"; "the
BBC's engineering division" [synonym: {part}, {section},
{division}]
3: the act or process of dividing
4: an administrative unit in government or business
5: discord that splits a group [synonym: {division}, {variance}]
6: a league ranked by quality; "he played baseball in class D
for two years"; "Princeton is in the NCAA Division 1-AA"
[synonym: {class}, {division}]
7: (biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a
larger category
8: (botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum
9: a unit of the United States Air Force usually comprising two
or more wings [synonym: {division}, {air division}]
10: a group of ships of similar type [synonym: {division}, {naval
division}]
11: an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of
multiplication; the quotient of two numbers is computed
12: the act of dividing or partitioning; separation by the
creation of a boundary that divides or keeps apart [synonym:
{division}, {partition}, {partitioning}, {segmentation},
{sectionalization}, {sectionalisation}]

Compound \Com"pound\, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See
{Compound}, v. t.]
Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts;
produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or
things; composite; as, a compound word.
[1913 Webster]

Compound substances are made up of two or more simple
substances. --I. Watts.
[1913 Webster]

{Compound addition}, {subtraction}, {multiplication},
{division} (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of
compound numbers.

{Compound crystal} (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one
seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined
according to regular laws of composition.

{Compound engine} (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which
the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder
is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure
cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders,
successively.

{Compound ether}. (Chem.) See under {Ether}.

{Compound flower} (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single
flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in
a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or
dandelion.

{Compound fraction}. (Math.) See {Fraction}.

{Compound fracture}. See {Fracture}.

{Compound householder}, a householder who compounds or
arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be
included in his rents. [Eng.]

{Compound interest}. See {Interest}.

{Compound larceny}. (Law) See {Larceny}.

{Compound leaf} (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate
blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.

{Compound microscope}. See {Microscope}.

{Compound motion}. See {Motion}.

{Compound number} (Math.), one constructed according to a
varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.;
-- called also {denominate number}.

{Compound pier} (Arch.), a clustered column.

{Compound quantity} (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or
more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign
(plus) or - (minus). Thus, a b - c, and bb - b, are
compound quantities.

{Compound radical}. (Chem.) See {Radical}.

{Compound ratio} (Math.), the product of two or more ratios;
thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c
and b:d.

{Compound rest} (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine
lathe.

{Compound screw} (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two
or more screws with different pitch (a differential
screw), or running in different directions (a right and
left screw).

{Compound time} (Mus.), that in which two or more simple
measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining
of two measures of 3-8 time.

{Compound word}, a word composed of two or more words;
specifically, two or more words joined together by a
hyphen.
[1913 Webster]


Division \Di*vi"sion\, n. [F. division, L. divisio, from
dividere. See {Divide}.]
1. The act or process of diving anything into parts, or the
state of being so divided; separation.
[1913 Webster]

I was overlooked in the division of the spoil.
--Gibbon.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which divides or keeps apart; a partition.
[1913 Webster]

3. The portion separated by the divining of a mass or body; a
distinct segment or section.
[1913 Webster]

Communities and divisions of men. --Addison.
[1913 Webster]

4. Disunion; difference in opinion or feeling; discord;
variance; alienation.
[1913 Webster]

There was a division among the people. --John vii.
43.
[1913 Webster]

5. Difference of condition; state of distinction;
distinction; contrast. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

I will put a division between my people and thy
people. --Ex. viii.
23.
[1913 Webster]

6. Separation of the members of a deliberative body, esp. of
the Houses of Parliament, to ascertain the vote.
[1913 Webster]

The motion passed without a division. --Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Math.) The process of finding how many times one number
or quantity is contained in another; the reverse of
multiplication; also, the rule by which the operation is
performed.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Logic) The separation of a genus into its constituent
species.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Mil.)
(a) Two or more brigades under the command of a general
officer.
(b) Two companies of infantry maneuvering as one
subdivision of a battalion.
(c) One of the larger districts into which a country is
divided for administering military affairs.
[1913 Webster]

10. (Naut.) One of the groups into which a fleet is divided.
[1913 Webster]

11. (Mus.) A course of notes so running into each other as to
form one series or chain, to be sung in one breath to one
syllable.
[1913 Webster]

12. (Rhet.) The distribution of a discourse into parts; a
part so distinguished.
[1913 Webster]

13. (Biol.) A grade or rank in classification; a portion of a
tribe or of a class; or, in some recent authorities,
equivalent to a subkingdom.
[1913 Webster]

{Cell division} (Biol.), a method of cell increase, in which
new cells are formed by the division of the parent cell.
In this process, the cell nucleus undergoes peculiar
differentiations and changes, as shown in the figure (see
also {Karyokinesis}). At the same time the protoplasm of
the cell becomes gradually constricted by a furrow
transverse to the long axis of the nuclear spindle,
followed, on the completion of the division of the
nucleus, by a separation of the cell contents into two
masses, called the daughter cells.

{Long division} (Math.), the process of division when the
operations are mostly written down.

{Short division} (Math.), the process of division when the
operations are mentally performed and only the results
written down; -- used principally when the divisor is not
greater than ten or twelve.

Syn: compartment; section; share; allotment; distribution;
separation; partition; disjunction; disconnection;
difference; variance; discord; disunion.
[1913 Webster]

591 Moby Thesaurus words for "division":
Australian ballot, Hare system, Jim Crow, KP,
Naval Construction Battalion, RN, Royal Navy, Seabees, USN,
United States Navy, aberration, abstraction, addition, adjunct,
affiliate, affiliation, age group, agreement to disagree, airspace,
alien, alienation, allotment, alteration, anacrusis, analysis,
analyzation, anatomization, anatomizing, anatomy, apartheid,
apportioning, apportionment, approximation, area, argosy, arm,
armada, army, army group, arrangement, assay, assaying,
atomization, aye, ballot, band, barrier, bass passage, battalion,
battery, battle group, belt, bevy, bifidity, bifurcation,
bipartition, bisection, blood, body, border, borderline,
boundary line, bourdon, bracket, branch, branch office, branching,
brattice, breach, breach of friendship, break, breakaway group,
breakdown, breaking down, breaking up, breakup, bridge, brigade,
budgeting, buffer, buffer state, bulkhead, bumper, bunch, burden,
by two, cabal, cadence, cadre, camp, canvass, canvassing, cast,
caste, casting vote, cataloging, categorization, category, caucus,
census, centrifugence, change, chapter, chorus, church, clan,
class, classification, cleavage, cleft, clique, cloison, cloture,
coast guard, coda, codification, cohort, collision mat, color bar,
column, combat command, combat team, committee consideration,
communion, community, company, compartment, complement, component,
composition, confines, conflict, constituents, content, contents,
continental shelf, contingent, contradistinction, corps, corridor,
coterie, counting heads, country, covey, crew, cross section,
cross-purposes, crowd, cumulative voting, cushion, cut, cutting,
cutting in two, cutting the pie, debate, decentralization,
deciding vote, deliberation, demarcation, denomination, department,
deployment, desynonymization, detachment, detail, development,
deviation, diaphragm, dichotomy, difference, difference of opinion,
differencing, differentiation, difficulty, dimidiation, disaccord,
disaffection, disagreement, disarticulation, disassociation,
disconnectedness, disconnection, discontinuity, discord,
discrimination, disengagement, disequalization, disfavor,
disharmony, disjointing, disjunction, dislocation, disparity,
disruption, dissection, dissension, dissent, dissepiment,
dissidence, dissolution, dissonance, distinction, distinctiveness,
distinguishment, district, disunion, disunity, divarication,
divergence, divergency, diversification, dividedness, dividing,
dividing line, dividing wall, divisions, divorce, divorcement,
divvy, docimasy, dole, elements, enfranchisement, environs,
equation, escadrille, estate, estrangement, ethnic group,
ethnocentrism, evolution, exclusiveness, exposition, extrapolation,
faction, fagot vote, falling-out, fanning, fanning out, fellowship,
fender, field army, field train, figure, file, filibuster,
filibustering, filing, first reading, fleet, flotilla,
flying column, folderol, foreigner, forking, fraction, franchise,
frontier, gang, garrison, grade, grading, graveyard vote,
gravimetric analysis, ground, group, grouping, groupment, guts,
hairsplitting, halving, hand vote, harmonic close, head, heading,
heartland, hinterland, in half, in-group, incoherence, index,
indexing, individualization, individuation, ingredients, innards,
insides, installment, insularity, insulation, integration,
interest, interest group, interlude, intermezzo, interpolation,
interseptum, introduction, introductory phrase, inventory,
inversion, involution, isolation, item, items, junta, kin,
kitchen police, know-nothingism, label, land, legion, level, line,
list, list system, local, lodge, logrolling, luxation, maniple,
margin, marine, mat, measure, member, merchant fleet,
merchant marine, merchant navy, microscopic distinction, midriff,
midsection, milieu, minority group, misunderstanding, mob,
modification, moiety, mosquito fleet, movement, multiplication,
musical phrase, musical sentence, narrowness, naval forces,
naval militia, naval reserve, navy, nay, neighborhood,
nice distinction, no, nontransferable vote, notation, nuance, odds,
offshoot, offshore rights, open rupture, order, organ,
organization, ornament, out-group, outcast, outfit, outsider, pack,
pad, panel, parcel, parceling, paries, parochialism, part,
particular, particularization, parting, partition, partitioning,
parts, party, party wall, passage, peer group, percentage, period,
persona non grata, personalization, persuasion, phalanx, phrase,
piece, pigeonhole, pigeonholing, place, placement, platoon,
plebiscite, plebiscitum, plumper, plural vote, polarization,
political party, poll, polling, portion, portioning, position,
posse, post, practice, precincts, predicament, preferential voting,
premises, pressure group, property line, proportion,
proportional representation, proximate analysis, proxy, purlieus,
quadrant, quantitative analysis, quarantine, quarter, quota, race,
race hatred, racial segregation, ramification, random sample,
ranging, rank, ranking, rating, rationing, recall of ambassadors,
record vote, reduction, reduction to elements, referendum, refrain,
regiment, region, religious order, remainder, removal, repartition,
representation, resolution, response, rift, right to vote,
rising vote, ritornello, roll call, rubric, rupture, salient,
salon, sample, sampling, say, schism, school, seclusion,
second reading, secret ballot, sect, sectarism, section,
sectioning, sector, segment, segmentation, segmenting, segregation,
semimicroanalysis, separating, separation, separatism, sept,
septulum, septum, set, severalization, severance,
shade of difference, share, sharing, sharing out, shock pad,
show of hands, side, silent majority, single vote, slicing,
snap vote, snobbishness, society, soil, sorting, space,
specialization, splaying, splinter, splinter group, split,
split-up, splitting, spread, spreading, spreading out, squad,
squadron, stable, stanza, statement, station, status,
steamroller methods, strain, stranger, stratification, stratum,
straw vote, strife, string, subdivision, subgroup, suborder,
subspecies, subtle distinction, subtraction, suffrage, tabling,
tabulation, tactical unit, tailpiece, talkathon, task force,
task group, taxonomy, team, terrain, territory, third reading,
three-mile limit, tightness, title, train, transferable vote,
transformation, tribe, trichoschistism, troop, troupe, tutti,
tutti passage, twelve-mile limit, typology, unit, upset, variance,
variation, variety, verse, version, vicinage, vicinity, viva voce,
vocal minority, voice, voice vote, vote, voting, voting right,
wall, whole, wing, withdrawal, write-in, write-in vote, xenophobia,
yea, yeas and nays, yes, zone, zoning

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