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control    音標拼音: [kəntr'ol]
n. 控制,管理,克制,控制器,調節裝置
vt. 控制,操縱,抑制

控制,管理,克制,控制器,調節裝置控制,操縱,抑制

control
微分控制


control
控制


control
正負號控制正反器


control
控制暫存器


control
控制常式


control
作業控制開關


control
控制轉移指令


control
組合控制

control
控制

control
n 1: power to direct or determine; "under control"
2: a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or
group) by another; "measures for the control of disease";
"they instituted controls over drinking on campus"
3: (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or
action or reflex etc; "the timing and control of his
movements were unimpaired"; "he had lost control of his
sphincters"
4: a standard against which other conditions can be compared in
a scientific experiment; "the control condition was
inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw" [synonym:
{control condition}, {control}]
5: the activity of managing or exerting control over something;
"the control of the mob by the police was admirable"
6: the state that exists when one person or group has power over
another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was really
her attempt to make him pay attention to her" [synonym:
{dominance}, {ascendance}, {ascendence}, {ascendancy},
{ascendency}, {control}]
7: discipline in personal and social activities; "he was a model
of polite restraint"; "she never lost control of herself"
[synonym: {restraint}, {control}] [ant: {unrestraint}]
8: great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;
"a good command of French" [synonym: {command}, {control},
{mastery}]
9: a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; "the
speed controller on his turntable was not working properly";
"I turned the controls over to her" [synonym: {control},
{controller}]
10: a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium
during a seance
11: the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing
prices or wages etc.; "they wanted to repeal all the
legislation that imposed economic controls"
v 1: exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the
budget"; "Command the military forces" [synonym: {control},
{command}]
2: lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or
keep within limits; "moderate your alcohol intake"; "hold
your tongue"; "hold your temper"; "control your anger" [synonym:
{control}, {hold in}, {hold}, {contain}, {check}, {curb},
{moderate}]
3: handle and cause to function; "do not operate machinery after
imbibing alcohol"; "control the lever" [synonym: {operate},
{control}]
4: control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually
to one's advantage; "She manipulates her boss"; "She is a
very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow
up"; "The teacher knew how to keep the class in line"; "she
keeps in line" [synonym: {manipulate}, {keep in line}, {control}]
5: check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a
parallel experiment or comparing with another standard; "Are
you controlling for the temperature?" [synonym: {control},
{verify}]
6: verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; "control
an account"
7: be careful or certain to do something; make certain of
something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See
that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the
product" [synonym: {see}, {check}, {insure}, {see to it},
{ensure}, {control}, {ascertain}, {assure}]
8: have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; "Do
you control these data?" [synonym: {master}, {control}]

Control \Con*trol"\, n. [F. contr[^o]le a counter register,
contr. fr. contr-r[^o]le; contre (L. contra) r[^o]le roll,
catalogue. See {Counter} and {Roll}, and cf. {Counterroll}.]
1. A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or
check another account or register; a counter register.
[Obs.] --Johnson.
[1913 Webster]

2. That which serves to check, restrain, or hinder;
restraint. "Speak without control." --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. Power or authority to check or restrain; restraining or
regulating influence; superintendence; government; as,
children should be under parental control.
[1913 Webster]

The House of Commons should exercise a control over
all the departments of the executive administration.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mach.) The complete apparatus used to control a mechanism
or machine in operation, as a flying machine in flight;
specifically (A["e]ronautics), the mechanism controlling
the rudders and ailerons.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. (Climatology) Any of the physical factors determining the
climate of any particular place, as latitude,distribution
of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds,
permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean
currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

6. (Technology) in research, an object or subject used in an
experimental procedure, which is treated identically to
the primary subject of the experiment, except for the
omission of the specific treatment or conditions whose
effect is being investigated. If the control is a group of
living organisms, as is common in medical research, it is
called the

{control group}.

Note: For most experimental procedures, the results are not
considered valid and reliable unless a proper control
experiment is performed. There are various types of
control used in experimental science, and often several
groups of subjects serve as controls, being subjected
to different variations of the experimental procedure,
or controlling for several variables being tested. When
the effects caused by an experimental treatment are not
consistent and obvious, statistical analysis of the
results is typically used to determine if there are any
significant differences between the effects of
different experimental conditions.
[PJC]

7. (Technology) the part of an experimental procedure in
which the controls[6] are subjected to the experimental
conditions.
[PJC]

8. the group of technical specialists exercising control by
remote communications over a distant operation, such as a
space flight; as, the American Mission Control for manned
flights is located in Houston.
[PJC]

{Board of control}. See under {Board}.
[1913 Webster]


Control \Con*trol"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Controlled}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Controlling}.] [F. contr[^o]ler, fr. contr[^o]le.]
[Formerly written {comptrol} and {controul}.]
1. To check by a counter register or duplicate account; to
prove by counter statements; to confute. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

This report was controlled to be false. --Fuller.
[1913 Webster]

2. To exercise restraining or governing influence over; to
check; to counteract; to restrain; to regulate; to govern;
to overpower.
[1913 Webster]

Give me a staff of honor for mine age,
But not a scepter to control the world. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

I feel my virtue struggling in my soul:
But stronger passion does its power control.
--Dryden.

3. to assure the validity of an experimental procedure by
using a {control[7]}.
[PJC]

Syn: To restrain; rule; govern; manage; guide; regulate;
hinder; direct; check; curb; counteract; subdue.
[1913 Webster]

551 Moby Thesaurus words for "control":
Masan, R and D, abate, ability, abnegation, absolutism, abstinence,
acme, action, address, adeptness, administration, adroitness,
airmanship, allay, alleviate, ancestral spirits, angel, aplomb,
apparition, appearance, arrest, arrestation, artfulness,
artisanship, artistry, ascendancy, assuage, astral, astral spirit,
attemper, attendant godling, authority, authorization,
automatic control, bank the fire, banshee, barnstorm,
be responsible for, be-all and end-all, blue ribbon, blunt,
bond service, bondage, bravura, bridle, brilliance, button,
call the shots, call the signals, calm, calmness, capability,
capacity, captain, captivity, carry authority, carry on,
cascade control, championship, charge, charisma, charm, chasten,
check, claws, cleverness, clout, clutches, collect, command,
competence, composure, conduct, consequence, conservatism,
constrain, constraint, contain, continence, control action,
control experiment, controlled experiment, cool, cool off, cooling,
cooling down, cooling off, coordination, copilot, crack the whip,
craft, craftsmanship, credit, cunning, curb, curtail, curtailment,
cut and try, daemon, damp, dampen, de-emphasize, deaden,
debt slavery, decelerate, deceleration, decide, deftness, demon,
departed spirit, deprivation of freedom, determine, device,
dexterity, dexterousness, dextrousness, dial, diminish, diplomacy,
direct, direction, directorship, discipline, disembodied spirit,
disenfranchisement, disfranchisement, dispassion, dispose,
disposition, dominance, dominate, domination, dominion, dompt,
downplay, drive, dull, duppy, dybbuk, effect, effectiveness,
efficiency, eidolon, electronic control, eminence, empery, empire,
empiricism, enchantment, engineer, enjoin, enslavement,
enthrallment, esteem, evenness, experiment, experimental design,
experimental method, experimental proof, experimentalism,
experimentation, expertise, extenuate, facility, fairy godmother,
familiar, familiar spirit, favor, feedback control, feudalism,
feudality, finesse, first place, first prize, fly, force, form,
genius, genius domus, genius loci, gentleness, ghost, golden mean,
good angel, good feeling, good genius, govern, governance,
government, grace, grasp, grateful dead, grip, gripe, guard,
guardian, guardian angel, guardian spirit, guidance, guide, hand,
handiness, handle, handling, hands, hant, happy medium, haunt,
have clout, have control of, have in hand, have power,
have the power, have the right, have the say, have under control,
head, head up, headship, hegemony, height, helm, helotism, helotry,
highest, hinder, hindrance, hit and miss, hold, hold at bay,
hold back, hold fast, hold in, hold in check, hold in hand,
hold in leash, hold the helm, hold the reins, hold up,
horsemanship, household gods, husbandry, idolum, immateriality,
impartiality, imperium, importance, incidental power, incorporeal,
incorporeal being, incorporeity, indentureship, independence,
influence, influentiality, ingeniousness, ingenuity, inhibit,
inhibition, injunction, insinuation, interdict, invisible helper,
iron hand, judiciousness, jurisdiction, juste-milieu, keep,
keep back, keep from, keep in, keep in check, keep under control,
keep within bounds, kingship, knob, know-how, lares and penates,
lares compitales, lares familiaris, lares permarini,
lares praestites, lares viales, larva, lay, lay under restraint,
lead, lead on, leadership, leading, legal restraint, lemures,
lenify, lenity, lessen, lever, leverage, lighten, lordship,
magnetism, make the rules, manage, management, managery, managing,
manes, maneuver, manipulate, manipulation, marksmanship, master,
mastermind, mastership, mastery, materialization, maximum,
mechanism, meden agan, middle way, might, mildness,
ministering angel, mitigate, moderate, moderateness, moderation,
moderationism, modulate, moment, monopoly, most, ne plus ultra,
neutrality, new high, noble experiment, nonviolence,
nothing in excess, numen, obtund, officer, oni, order, ordering,
oversee, oversight, pacifism, palliate, palms, paramountcy,
peel off, penates, peonage, personality, persuasion, phantom,
pilot, pilotage, play down, poltergeist, possess authority,
possession, potency, power, practical ability, pragmatism,
predominance, preponderance, prescribe, presence, presidency,
pressure, prestige, primacy, proficiency, prohibit, prohibition,
protection, protectionism, protective tariff, prowess, prudence,
pull, pull in, pull the strings, purchase, put down, quarterback,
quickness, raj, rationing, readiness, record, reduce,
reduce the temperature, regnancy, regulate, regulation, reign,
rein, rein in, reins of government, repose, repress, repute,
research and development, resource, resourcefulness, restrain,
restraint, restraint of trade, retard, retardation, retrench,
retrenchment, revenant, robot control, rule, rule of thumb, run,
running, savoir-faire, savvy, say, seamanship, self-abnegation,
self-command, self-conquest, self-control, self-denial,
self-discipline, self-government, self-mastery, self-possession,
self-restraint, serenity, serfdom, serfhood, servility, servitude,
servo control, set back, shade, shadow, shape, shrouded spirit,
skill, skillfulness, skipper, slacken, slavery, slow down,
slowing down, smother, snub, sober, sober down, sobriety, soften,
solo, sovereignty, special providence, specter, spectral ghost,
spirit, spook, sprite, stability, steadiness, steer, steerage,
steering, stifle, straiten, strings, style, suasion, subdue,
subjection, subjugation, subtle influence, suggestion, supervise,
supervision, supervisory control, suppress, supremacy, sway,
switch, tact, tactfulness, take command, take in hand,
take the lead, talons, tame, tariff wall, technical brilliance,
technical mastery, technical skill, technique, temper, temperance,
temperateness, tentative method, tentativeness, testing, the conn,
the helm, the wheel, theophany, thought control, thrall, thralldom,
timing, tone down, top spot, totem, tranquillity, trial,
trial and error, trying, tune down, tutelar god, tutelary, tyranny,
underplay, unexcessiveness, unextravagance, unextremeness,
unsubstantiality, upper hand, vassalage, via media, villenage,
virtuosity, vision, walking dead man, wandering soul, weaken,
wear the pants, weight, whip hand, wield authority, wit, withhold,
wizardry, workmanship, wraith, zenith, zombie

(Or "ctrl", "^") One (or a pair) of {modifier
keys} found on all modern {keyboards}. If the control key is
held down while pressing and releasing certain other keys then
a "{control character}" is generated, e.g. holding control and
hitting "A" generates control-A ({ASCII} code 1). The ASCII
code for the control character is generally 64 less than that
for the unmodified character.

The control key does not generate any character on its own but
most modern keyboards and {operating systems} allow a program
to tell whether each of the individual keys on the keyboard
(including modifier keys) is pressed at any time.

Control characters mostly have some kind of "non-printing"
effect on the output such as ringing the bell (Control-G) or
advancing to the next line (Control-J). Most have alternative
names suggesting these functions (Bell, Line Feed, etc.).

See {ASCII character table}.

(1997-07-10)

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