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congress    音標拼音: [k'ɑŋgrəs]
adj. 國會的

國會,會議,討論會

congress
會議 國會

Congress
n 1: the legislature of the United States government [synonym:
{Congress}, {United States Congress}, {U.S. Congress}, {US
Congress}]
2: a meeting of elected or appointed representatives
3: a national legislative assembly
4: the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the
man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited
until orgasm and ejaculation occur [synonym: {sexual
intercourse}, {intercourse}, {sex act}, {copulation},
{coitus}, {coition}, {sexual congress}, {congress}, {sexual
relation}, {relation}, {carnal knowledge}]

Congress \Con"gress\, n.; pl. {Congresses}. [L. congressus, fr.
congredi, p. p. -gressus, to go or come together; con-
grati to go or step, gradus step: cf. F. congr?s. See
{Grade}.]
1. A meeting of individuals, whether friendly or hostile; an
encounter. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Here Pallas urges on, and Lausus there;
Their congress in the field great Jove withstands.
--Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

2. A sudden encounter; a collision; a shock; -- said of
things. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

From these laws may be deduced the rules of the
congresses and reflections of two bodies. --Cheyne.
[1913 Webster]

3. The coming together of a male and female in sexual
commerce; the act of coition. --Pennant.
[1913 Webster]

4. A gathering or assembly; a conference.
[1913 Webster]

5. A formal assembly, as of princes, deputies,
representatives, envoys, or commissioners; esp., a meeting
of the representatives of several governments or societies
to consider and determine matters of common interest.
[1913 Webster]

The European powers strove to . . . accommodate
their differences at the congress of Vienna.
--Alison.
[1913 Webster]

6. The collective body of senators and representatives of the
people of a nation, esp. of a republic, constituting the
chief legislative body of the nation.
[1913 Webster]

Note: In the Congress of the United States (which took the
place of the Federal Congress, March 4, 1789), the
Senate consists of two Senators from each State, chosen
by the State legislature for a term of six years, in
such a way that the terms of one third of the whole
number expire every year; the House of Representatives
consists of members elected by the people of the
several Congressional districts, for a term of two
years, the term of all ending at the same time. The
united body of Senators and Representatives for any
term of two years for which the whole body of
Representatives is chosen is called one Congress. Thus
the session which began in December, 1887, was the
first (or long) session, and that which began in
December, 1888, was the second (or short) session, of
the Fiftieth Congress. When an extra session is had
before the date of the first regular meeting of a
Congress, that is called the first session, and the
following regular session is called the second session.
[1913 Webster]

7. The lower house of the Spanish Cortes, the members of
which are elected for three years.
[1913 Webster]

{The Continental Congress}, an assembly of deputies from the
thirteen British colonies in America, appointed to
deliberate in respect to their common interests. They
first met in 1774, and from time thereafter until near the
close of the Revolution.

{The Federal Congress}, the assembly of representatives of
the original States of the American Union, who met under
the Articles of Confederation from 1781 till 1789.

{Congress boot} or {Congress gaiter}, a high shoe or
half-boot, coming above the ankle, and having the sides
made in part of some elastic material which stretches to
allow the boot to be drawn on and off. [U.S.]

{Congress water}, a saline mineral water from the Congress
spring at Saratoga, in the State of New York.

Syn: Assembly; meeting; convention; convocation; council;
diet; conclave; parliament; legislature.
[1913 Webster]

76 Moby Thesaurus words for "Congress":
Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Cameroon, Canada, Colombia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France, Gabon,
Gambia, Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Ireland,
Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait,
Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Nauru, Netherlands,
New Zealand, North Vietnam, Norway, Pakistan, Parliament,
Republic of China, Rhodesia, Rwanda, Senegal, Singapore,
South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Swaziland, Switzerland, Syria,
Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, US,
Uganda, United Kingdom, Upper Volta, Venezuela, West Germany,
Zambia


246 Moby Thesaurus words for "congress":
British Cabinet, ESP, Sanhedrin, US Cabinet, act of love, adultery,
advisory body, answer, aphrodisia, approach, ass, assemble,
assemblee, assembly, assignation, association, asymptote, at home,
audience, ball, balling, bargaining, bargaining session, bench,
bicameral legislature, board, board of aldermen, body of advisers,
borough council, bottleneck, brain trust, brawl, brotherhood,
cabinet, camarilla, carnal knowledge, caucus, chamber,
chamber of deputies, city board, city council, climax, club,
cohabitation, coition, coitus, coitus interruptus, collect,
collegiality, collision course, colloquium, commerce, commission,
committee, common council, communication, communion, community,
concentralization, concentration, conclave, concourse, concurrence,
confab, confabulation, conference, confluence, conflux,
confrontation, congregate, congregation, connection, consultation,
consultative assembly, contact, conventicle, convention,
convergence, converging, conversation, converse, convocation,
copula, copulation, correspondence, council, council fire,
council of ministers, council of state, council of war,
county council, coupling, court, crossing, dance, date, dealing,
dealings, deliberative assembly, diddling, diet, directory,
discussion, divan, eisteddfod, exchange, exchange of views,
eyeball-to-eyeball encounter, federal assembly, fellowship,
festivity, fete, focalization, focus, forgather, forgathering,
fornication, forum, fraternity, funnel, gathering,
general assembly, get-together, guild, high-level talk,
house of assembly, housewarming, hub, huddle, information,
interaction, interchange, interchange of views, intercommunication,
intercommunion, intercourse, interplay, interview, intimacy, junta,
kitchen cabinet, league, legislative assembly, legislative body,
legislative chamber, legislature, levee, linguistic intercourse,
lovemaking, lower chamber, lower house, making it with,
marital relations, marriage act, mating, meat, meet, meeting,
message, muster, mutual approach, narrowing gap, national assembly,
negotiations, news conference, onanism, order, orgasm, ovum,
palaver, panel, pareunia, parish council, parley, parliament,
party, plenum, pourparler, powwow, press conference, privy council,
procreation, prom, provincial legislature, provincial parliament,
quorum, radius, raise, rally, reception, relations, rendezvous,
reply, representative town meeting, response, screwing, seance,
session, sex, sex act, sexual climax, sexual commerce,
sexual congress, sexual intercourse, sexual relations,
sexual union, shindig, sit-in, sitting, sleeping with,
social activity, social intercourse, social relations, society,
soiree, soviet, speaking, speech, speech circuit, speech situation,
sperm, spokes, staff, state assembly, state legislature, summit,
summit conference, summitry, symposium, syndicate, synod, talking,
tangent, telepathy, touch, town meeting, traffic, tribunal, truck,
turnout, two-way communication, unicameral legislature, union,
upper chamber, upper house, venery

CONGRESS. This word has several significations. 1. An assembly of the
deputies convened from different governments, to treat of peace or of other
political affairs, is called a congress.
2. - 2. Congress is the name of the legislative body of the United
States, composed of the senate and house of representatives. Const. U. S.
art. 1, s. 1.
3. Congress is composed of two independent houses. 1. The senate and,
2. The house of representatives.
4.- 1. The senate is composed of two senators from each state, chosen
by the legislature thereof for six years, and each senator has one vote.
They represent the states rather than the people, as each state has its
equal voice and equal weight in the senate, without any regard to the
disparity of population, wealth or dimensions. The senate have been, from
the first formation of the government, divided into three classes; and the
rotation of the classes was originally determined by lots, and the seats of
one class are vacated at the end of the second year, and one-third of the
senate is chosen every second year. Const. U. S. art 1, s. 3. This provision
was borrowed from a similar one in some of the state constitutions, of which
Virginia gave the first example.
5. The qualifications which the constitution requires of a senator,
are, that he should be thirty years of age, have been nine years a citizen
of the United States, and, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for
which he shall be chosen. Art. 1, s. 3.
6.-2. The house of representatives is composed of members chosen every
second year by the people of the several states, who are qualified electors
of the most numerous branch of the legislature of the state to which they
belong.
7. No person can be a representative until he has attained the age of
twenty-five years, and has been seven years a citizen of the United States,
and is, at the time of his election, an inhabitant of the state in which he
is chosen. Const. U. S. art. 1, Sec. 2.
8. The constitution requires that the representatives and direct taxes
shall be apportioned among the several states, which may be included within
this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined
by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to
service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths
of all other persons. Art. 1, s. 1.
9. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty
thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative. Ib.
10. Having shown how congress is constituted, it is proposed here to
consider the privileges and powers of the two houses, both aggregately and
separately.
11. Each house is made the judge of the election, returns, and
qualifications of its own members. Art. 1, s. 5. As each house acts in these
cases in a judicial character, its decisions, like the decisions of any
other court of justice, ought to be regulated by known principles of law,
and strictly adhered to, for the sake of uniformity and certainty. A
majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business but a
smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel
the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties,
as, each may provide. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings;
punish its members for disorderly behaviour; and, with the concurrence of
two-thirds, expel a member. Each house is bound to keep a journal of its
proceedings, and from time to time, publish the same, excepting such parts
as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and to enter the yeas and nays
on the journal, on any question, at the desire of one-fifth of the members
present. Art. 1, s. 5.
12. The members of both houses are in all cases, except treason, felony,
and breach of the peace, privileged from arrest during their attendance at
the session of their respective houses, and in going to, and returning from
the same. Art. 1, s. 6.
13. These privileges of the two houses are obviously necessary for their
preservation and character; And, what is still more important to the freedom
of deliberation, no member can be questioned in any other place for any
speech or debate in either house. lb.
14. There is no express power given to either house to punish for
contempts, except when committed by their own members, but they have such an
implied power. 6 Wheat. R. 204. This power, however, extends no further than
imprisonment, and that will continue no farther than the duration of the
power that imprisons. The imprisonment will therefore terminate with the
adjournment or dissolution of congress.
15. The house of representatives has the exclusive right of originating
bills for raising revenue, and this is the only privilege that house enjoys
in its legislative character, which is not shared equally with the other;
and even those bills are amendable by the senate in its discretion. Art. 1,
s. 7.
16. The two houses are an entire and perfect check upon each other, in
all business appertaining to legislation and one of them cannot even
adjourn, during the session of congress, for more than three days, without
the consent of the either nor to any other place than that in which the two
houses shall be sitting. Art. 1, s. 5.
17. The powers of congress extend generally to all subjects of a
national nature. Congress are authorized to provide for the common defence
and general welfare; and for that purpose, among other express grants, they
have the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises; to
borrow money on the credit of the United States; to regulate commerce with
foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indians; 1
McLean R. 257; to establish all uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform
laws of bankruptcy throughout the United States; to establish post offices
and post roads; to promote the progress of science and the useful arts, by
securing for a limited time to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to
their respective writings and discoveries; to constitute tribunals inferior
to the supreme court; to define and punish piracies on the high seas, and
offences against the laws of nations; to declare war; to raise and support
armies; to provide and maintain a navy; to provide for the calling forth of
the militia; to exercise exclusive legislation over the District of
Columbia; and to give full efficacy to the powers contained in the
constitution.
18. The rules of proceeding in each house are substantially the same;
the house of representatives choose their own speaker; the vice-president of
the United States is, ex officio, president of the senate, and gives the
casting vote when the members are equally divided. The proceedings and
discussions in the two houses are generally in public.
19. The ordinary mode of passing laws is briefly this; one day's notice
of a motion for leave to bring in a bill, in cases of a general nature, is
required; every bill must have three readings before it is passed, and these
readings must be on different days; and no bill can be committed and amended
until it has been twice read. In the house of representatives, bills, after
being twice read, are committed to a committee of the whole house, when a
chairman is appointed by the speaker to preside over the committee, when the
speaker leaves the chair, and takes a part in the debate as an ordinary
member.
20. When a bill has passed one house, it is transmitted, to tho other,
and goes through a similar form, though in the senate there is less
formality, and bills are often committed to a select committee, chosen by
ballot. If a bill be altered or amended in the house to which it is
transmitted, it is then returned to the house in which it originated, and if
the two houses cannot agree, they appoint a committee to confer on the
subject See Conference.
21. When a bill is engrossed, and has received the sanction of both
houses, it is sent to the president for his approbation. If he approves of
the bill, he signs it. If he does not, it is returned, with his objections,
to the house in which it originated, and that house enters the objections at
large on their journal, and proceeds to re-consider it. If, after such re-
consideration, two-thirds of the house agree to pass the bill, it is sent,
together with the objections, to the other house, by which it is likewise
re-considered, and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it becomes a
law. But in all such cases, the votes of both houses are determined by yeas
and nays; and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill, are
to be entered on the journal of each house respectively.
22. If any bill shall not be returned by the president within ten days
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall
be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the congress, by
their adjournment, prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law.
Art. 1, s. 7. See House of Representatives; President; Senate; Veto; Kent,
Com. Lecture xi.; Rawle on the Const. ch. ix.


CONGRESS, med. juris. This name was anciently given in France, England, and
other countries, to the-indecent intercourse between married persons, in the
presence of witnesses appointed by the courts, in cases when the husband or
wife was charged by the other with impotence. Trebuchet, Jurisp. de Med. 101
Dictionnaire des Sciences Medicales, art. Congres, by Marc.

Congress, AZ -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Arizona
Population (2000): 1717
Housing Units (2000): 1070
Land area (2000): 37.637348 sq. miles (97.480279 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.031384 sq. miles (0.081284 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 37.668732 sq. miles (97.561563 sq. km)
FIPS code: 15220
Located within: Arizona (AZ), FIPS 04
Location: 34.146068 N, 112.846533 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 85332
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Congress, AZ
Congress


Congress, OH -- U.S. village in Ohio
Population (2000): 192
Housing Units (2000): 68
Land area (2000): 0.166342 sq. miles (0.430825 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.166342 sq. miles (0.430825 sq. km)
FIPS code: 18308
Located within: Ohio (OH), FIPS 39
Location: 40.925447 N, 82.053222 W
ZIP Codes (1990):
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
Headwords:
Congress, OH
Congress

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